Ancient History: Rome : Religion and Philosophy

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Rome

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Religion And Philosophy

What was the name of the Roman counterpart to the Ares, the Greek god of war?

Possible Answers:

Jupiter

Ceres

Mars

Mercurius

Juno

Correct answer:

Mars

Explanation:

The Roman god of war was named Mars. In Roman mythology, Mars was the father of Romulus and Remus, the two supposed founders of Rome.

Inspiration for Mars was taken from Ares, the god of war in Ancient Greek Mythology. The myths and legends of Ares were often taken and reinterpreted in Roman literature with Mars taking the place of Ares.

Example Question #11 : The Roman Kingdom (753 510 Bce)

The Roman God Janus was principally the God of __________.

Possible Answers:

the forest

books and learning

money and good fortune

doors and gateways

fisherman and sailors

Correct answer:

doors and gateways

Explanation:

The Roman God Janus was principally the God of doors and gateways. In Roman tradition Janus also rules over beginnings and ends, making him the natural God to be celebrated at the end of a war. Janus has no equivalent in Greek mythology.

Example Question #11 : Ancient History: Rome

Diana was the Roman Goddess of __________.

Possible Answers:

hunting and the moon

death and the underworld

the harvest and rain

fertility and the sun

motherhood and childbirth

Correct answer:

hunting and the moon

Explanation:

Diana was the Roman Goddess of hunting, the moon, nature, and wild animals. After the Roman conquest of Greece, Diana came to be associated with the Greek Goddess Artemis.

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