SAT II World History : 1900 C.E. to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : 1900 C.E. To Present

Whose assassination is considered the tipping point that caused the outbreak of the First World War?

Possible Answers:

Franz Ferdinand 

Victor Emanuel III

Queen Victoria 

Otto von Bismarck 

Tsar Nicholas II

Correct answer:

Franz Ferdinand 

Explanation:

The Archduke of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand, was assassinated in June of 1914 by Gavrilo Princip. After his assassination the Austrian Empire implicated much of the Serbian high command and used the incident as a pretext to invade Serbia. This action disturbed the entangled alliances of Europe and lead directly to the outbreak of World War I a few months later. 

Example Question #1 : 1900 C.E. To Present

During World War One, Germany suspended its unrestricted submarine warfare ________.

Possible Answers:

due to condemnation in the British and French press 

because it was turning public opinion on the European continent against the German war effort

NONE of these answers are correct; Germany never suspended its unrestricted submarine warfare. 

as a result of a formal plea issued by the King of England to his German cousins

due to American pressure after German sinking of the Lusitania 

Correct answer:

NONE of these answers are correct; Germany never suspended its unrestricted submarine warfare. 

Explanation:

During World War One German U-boats were actively engaged in preventing the British and French from receiving reinforcements and economic assistance from America and the rest of the Western Hemisphere. The most well-known incident occurred in 1915 when a German U-boat sank an American passenger ship called the Lusitania and killed some 200 American civilians in the process. The action was widely condemned, but it never directly lead to a German suspension of its unrestricted submarine warfare. Instead its primary consequence was to help encourage American and Brazilian public opinion to turn in favor of aiding the allies in the Great War. 

Example Question #1 : 1900 C.E. To Present

All of the following were technical innovations used during World War I, except __________.

Possible Answers:

poisonous gases

guided missiles

tanks

machine guns

airplanes

Correct answer:

guided missiles

Explanation:

The technology for guided missiles developed after World War I, but everything else was a part of warfare from World War I on, and some, like the machine gun, had already been used in earlier conflicts. This was the first war that involved the use of aircraft for fighting that also saw the use of poisonous gases (like mustard gas) and tanks. 

Example Question #1 : World War I

Which of the following did not contribute to growing international tensions in the lead up to the outbreak of World War I?

Possible Answers:

The First Balkan War

All of these developments contributed to growing tensions in the lead up to the outbreak of World War I

The European Naval Arms Race

The Agadir Crisis

The sinking of the Lusitania

Correct answer:

The sinking of the Lusitania

Explanation:

The sinking of the Lusitania occurred in 1915, once the war had already started. The Agadir Crisis, a diplomatic incident between Britain and France on one side and Germany on the other over French influence in Morocco, escalated tensions between the Germany and the growing Anglo-French alliance by increasing British and French fears of German aggression. The European naval arms race of the 1890s-1910s was part of the growing rivalry and militarism among the European powers, especially Britain and Germany, that contributed to the growing tensions of the time. The Second Balkan War of 1913 (between several Balkan states and Bulgaria) increased tensions in the Balkans, a troubled region of Europe where continued ethnic tensions in this period factored into the larger European tensions of the period, and would help directly catalyze the outbreak of war in 1914.

Example Question #2 : 1900 C.E. To Present

Which of these nations gained its independence after the Second World War?

Possible Answers:

China

India

Colombia

Canada

Brazil

Correct answer:

India

Explanation:

The Second World War led to the complete decline of the ability of European nations to maintain overseas colonies. Britain and France were exhausted from financing the war and there was little desire among the populations of either nation to continue their imperial past. India, a country that had supported the British war effort, gained its independence in 1947.

Example Question #1 : World War Ii

Hitler's policy of "Lebensraum" was concerned with __________.

Possible Answers:

limiting the civil rights of the Jewish population of Germany

completely eradicating the Jewish population of Central Europe

bombing the British Isles into submission and capitulation

providing more territory for German people through aggressive expansion

attacking the Soviet Union before it could become involved in the conflict on the side of the allies

Correct answer:

providing more territory for German people through aggressive expansion

Explanation:

"Lebensraum" means living space. It was Hitler's belief that the German people needed more territory to grow and to prosper, and he felt that as much of Central Europe was settled by German-speaking people, he had a "legitimacy" to expand aggressively into neighboring states. The policy of "Lebensraum" led to the annexation of the Sudetenland and much of Central Europe. 

Example Question #2 : 1900 C.E. To Present

What two treaties emerged as a result of the division of Europe at the end of World War Two? 

Possible Answers:

The Warsaw Pact and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

The Warsaw Pact and the League of Nations

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the South East Asian Treaty Organization

The European Union and the Warsaw Pact

The Warsaw Pact and the United Nations

Correct answer:

The Warsaw Pact and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Explanation:

At the end of World War Two, Europe was divided between a capitalist and democratic West and a communist East. The capitalist nations signed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to combat the perceived threat of communism and the communist nations countered with the Warsaw Pact.

Example Question #3 : 1900 C.E. To Present

Aside from the United States in World War Two, which of these nations is known to have used nuclear weapons in a conflict?

Possible Answers:

The Soviet Union in the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

India during the Indian Partition

The Soviet Union in World War Two

None of the other answers is correct; no other country has used nuclear weapons in a conflict.

Israel during the Yom-Kippur War

Correct answer:

None of the other answers is correct; no other country has used nuclear weapons in a conflict.

Explanation:

To date, the United States is the only country known to have used nuclear weapons in a conflict, dropping two bombs on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima at the end of the Second World War.

Example Question #4 : 1900 C.E. To Present

To date, which of these countries is the only nation to withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty?

Possible Answers:

India

Saudi Arabia

North Korea

The United States

Vietnam

Correct answer:

North Korea

Explanation:

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was signed to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons to nations that had not already acquired them and to encourage disarmament among those nations that already possessed nuclear weapons. India, Pakistan, and Israel have never signed the treaty, but North Korea originally signed the treaty before announcing its withdrawal in 2003. North Korea is thought to have developed nuclear weapons by 2006, making it the only state to withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and then acquire nuclear weapons.

Example Question #2 : The Nuclear Threat

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was designed to stop nations that did not possess nuclear weapons from acquiring them and __________.

Possible Answers:

discourage investment in nuclear energy

encourage disarmament of those nations that already possessed nuclear weapons

provide reparation payments for Japanese citizens affected by the nuclear attacks of the Second World War

condemn the United States' scientists who invented nuclear weapons

embargo those countries that already possessed nuclear weapons

Correct answer:

encourage disarmament of those nations that already possessed nuclear weapons

Explanation:

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was signed in 1968. Its primary purpose was to prevent new nations from acquiring nuclear weapons; however, another part of the treaty was to encourage those nations that already had nuclear weapons to disarm. This has been largely unsuccessful, although every nation that signed the treaty has reduced its supply of nuclear weapons.

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