AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

The outgoing British and French colonial administrations designed the modern Middle East to _______________.

Possible Answers:

be expansive, able to politically incorporate other regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, and south and central Asia

be democratic, in the European, Enlightenment tradition

be wealthy, by aligning cities with large ports and those with large workshops

be strong, thereby ensuring a stable region

be weak, thereby ensuring dependency upon Britain and France

Correct answer:

be weak, thereby ensuring dependency upon Britain and France

Explanation:

The outgoing colonial administrations of Britain and France wanted to ensure continued European domination on the Middle East; therefore they wanted the region to be weak comparable to Britain and France.

The British and French were wary of the hundreds of millions of Arabic speakers and others who comprise the Middle East's population; they wanted to ensure the region remained divided and weak, rather than united and strong.

The British and French injected systemic weakness into the region by severing economic relationships between port cities such as Beirut, and large, workshop based cities such as Damascus.

Although the French and British created certain countries, such as Lebanon, with a democratic government, others, such as Iraq and Jordan, were created to be hereditary monarchies; democratic governance was therefore not an all important prerequisite.

The British and French wanted the Middle East to be as weak and poor as possible, expansion into other regions of the world that shared certain Middle Eastern cultural traits, such as religion or language, was absolutely the last thing they desired as it would increase their power versus the French and British.

Example Question #12 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

Comparative Politics in the Middle East: Key Terms, Organizations, and Figures

What is the name of the secret arrangement that Britain and France made in 1916 where both countries divided parts of the Middle East into sections under their control?

Possible Answers:

The Portman-Shaheen Contract

The Sykes-Picot Agreement

The MENA

The Treaty of Paris

The Oslo Accords

Correct answer:

The Sykes-Picot Agreement

Explanation:

The Sykes-Picot Agreement was an agreement between France and Britain to divide the Middle East into spheres of influence in 1916. This secret agreement took place during World War I, and was in part a result of the Ottoman Empire's collapse.

Britain got Iraq, Transjordan, and Palestine, while France took control of Syria and Lebanon.

Example Question #11 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

The ______________ occurred in German South-West Africa in 1904, a territory that in modern day Namibia.

Possible Answers:

Peace Accords of Indigenous People

Herero and Namaqua Genocide

Great Revitalization

Economic Leap Forward

Namibia Massacre

Correct answer:

Herero and Namaqua Genocide

Explanation:

The Herero and Namaqua Genocide is considered to be the first genocide of the 20th century. In the German occupied region of German South-West Africa, a campaign was led to exterminate the people of the Herero and Namaqua tribes. The German army pushed these people into uninhabitable desert and poisoned the only sources of clean water available to them. This systematically run campaign led to the death of anywhere between 25,00 and 100,000 people.

Example Question #14 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

The _______________ was completed by the United States of America in 1914 to create a faster sea route between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.

Possible Answers:

Nicaragua Canal

Pacific-Caribbean Passway

America Straight

Panama Canal

Panama Connection

Correct answer:

Panama Canal

Explanation:

The Panama Canal was an ambitious imperialist project undertaken by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt starting in 1904. The United States assisted Panama in gaining independence from Gran Colombia in 1903 and a year later they were granted the right to begin the massive project. Many people died during the construction of the canal but it was completed in 10 years, facilitating maritime trade by allowing access between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by way of the Caribbean Sea.

Example Question #11 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

Japan officially annexed ____________ in 1910, leading to a period known by locals as a forced occupation and it lasted until 1945 with the surrender of the Empire of Japan to the Allied Forces.

Possible Answers:

New Zealand

Guam

Brunei

Russia

Korea

Correct answer:

Korea

Explanation:

Korea was one of the main targets of Japanese imperialism. The Korean peninsula, not divided into two states at the time, was one of the territories the Russian and Japanese fought over during the 1905 Russo-Japanese War. The Japanese emerged as victors and officially annexed the Korean peninsula in 1910, despite discontent from local populations.

Example Question #16 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

The ___________ of 1916 divided a large portion of the Middle East between the French and British and placed the land under their control.

Possible Answers:

Sykes-Picot Agreement

Balfour Declaration

Middle East Decision

Williams-Giroux Pact

French-British Agreement

Correct answer:

Sykes-Picot Agreement

Explanation:

After WWI, the fall of the Ottoman Empire lead the Allied Victors to divide up the land the Ottoman’s had formerly controlled. The French and British reached an agreement to divide the land in the Middle East along mostly arbitrary lines. This agreement did not take the affiliations of local tribes into consideration, often confining two warring groups within the same political borders. This agreement has been cited for both the negative perception of Western powers in the Middle East as well as a contributor to sectarian violence in the region.

Example Question #211 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The “Great Partition” is usually used to describe the division of __________.

Possible Answers:

East and West Germany

India and Pakistan

Slovakia and the Czech Republic

North and South Korea

Serbia and Montenegro

Correct answer:

India and Pakistan

Explanation:

The Great Partition took place immediately following Indian independence in 1947. The Indian subcontinent that was ruled by the British included a large population of Hindus and a large population of Muslims; populations that, historically, had not always gotten along. During the process of independence it was decided that a majority Hindu nation (India) and a majority Muslim nation (Pakistan) would be formed from the British-ruled Indian subcontinent. 

Example Question #212 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The United States supported Panamanian independence from which country in the early twentieth century?

Possible Answers:

Venezuela

Colombia

Mexico

Portugal

Spain

Correct answer:

Colombia

Explanation:

The United States provided financial and military support to Panamanian rebels seeking independence from Colombia. Panamanian separation from Colombia was achieved in 1903. The primary purpose for American support for the rebellion was so that the United States could construct a canal through the country to connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Example Question #213 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which two European empires, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, were most threatened by the emergence of nationalism?

Possible Answers:

Russia and France

Italy and France

Britain and France

Austria-Hungary and Ottoman

Britain and Ottoman

Correct answer:

Austria-Hungary and Ottoman

Explanation:

Of all these empires the Ottomans and Austro-Hungarians were most threatened by the emergence of nationalism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Whilst all of these nations controlled empires which included foreign people, the empires of Austria-Hungary and the Ottomans contained empires in Europe and the Middle East where nationalism was more prominent.

Example Question #214 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of the following countries was the first to gain political independence from European colonialism?

Possible Answers:

Uganda

Zimbabwe

Rwanda

Ghana

Kenya

Correct answer:

Ghana

Explanation:

Ghana (referred to as Gold Coast at the time) gained independence from Britain in 1957. Meanwhile, the other countries all gained independence after 1960: Uganda (1962), Rwanda (1962), Kenya (1963), and Zimbabwe (1980).

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