European History : Elite and Popular Culture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : European History

Who was considered the wealthiest and most powerful man in Florence, Italy during the Renaissance?

Possible Answers:

Lorenzo de' Medici

Leonardo da Vinci

Niccolò Machiavelli

Tycho Brahe

Pope Leo X

Correct answer:

Lorenzo de' Medici

Explanation:

Lorenzo de' Medici was a member and leader of one of the most influential families during the Renaissance, using his wealth and political prowess to effectively rule the Florentine Republic. Although the other answers refer to important figures of the Renaissance, they are incorrect due to their differing professions which did not afford them as much wealth or power as enjoyed by the Medici family.

Example Question #1 : European History

Ludwig van Beethoven, John Keats, Lord Bryon, Victor Hugo and Eugene Delacroix are associated with what artistic movement?

Possible Answers:

Surrealism

Realism

Romanticism 

Impressionism 

Expressionism

Correct answer:

Romanticism 

Explanation:

Romanticism was an artistic movement that emphasized emotion, individualism, history and nature. It originated in Europe in the late eighteenth century and peaked in the period from 1800-1850. These artists exemplify the tenets of the Romantic movement in painting, writing and music.  

Example Question #1 : Elite And Popular Culture

One key difference between Renaissance art and medieval art is that Renaissance art ____________________.

Possible Answers:

rarely featured religious subjects

was not supported by the Catholic Church

featured more realistic and natural depictions of the human form

was produced by and for the middle class

focused on landscapes and nature scenes

Correct answer:

featured more realistic and natural depictions of the human form

Explanation:

Renaissance painters and sculptors created realistic, multi-dimensional depictions of the human form. In contrast medieval art typically featured less realistic renderings of people.

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