AP Human Geography : AP Human Geography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #24 : Theories Of Population Growth & Decline

The growth rate, or replacement rate, needed to sustain a population is ____________.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

A stable population requires a growth, or replacement, rate of  There are, on average, 107 boys born for every 100 girls. Therefore, every 100 women need to produce 207 children to sustain a population.

Example Question #71 : Ap Human Geography

The scientific study of a population and its characteristics is known as __________.

Possible Answers:

None of these

mortality

demography

capacity

ecumene

Correct answer:

demography

Explanation:

The study of a population's characteristics is known as "demography." "Mortality" refers to the study of death rates or the actual ability of an individual to die. Ecumene is the geographical area in which people have made their permanent home.

Example Question #21 : Population Growth & Decline

What is the stationary population level (SPL)?

Possible Answers:

The level at which a population surpasses the national average. 

The level at which a population begins before a growth period.

The level at which a population could grow if given finite resources. 

The level at which a population could grow if given unlimited resources. 

The level at which a population cannot grow any more. 

Correct answer:

The level at which a population cannot grow any more. 

Explanation:

The stationary population level (SPL) is the level at which a population cannot grow any more.

Example Question #22 : Population Growth & Decline

What term is used to describe the number of live births yearly per 1,000 people in a given population?

Possible Answers:

Basic demographic rate (BDR)

Demographical shift

Crude birth rate (CBR)

Mortality rate (MR)

Crude death rate (CDR)

Correct answer:

Crude birth rate (CBR)

Explanation:

The crude birth rate or CBR is the ratio of the number of live births yearly per 1,000 people in a given population.

Example Question #23 : Population Growth & Decline

What is the term used to describe the number of deaths in a year per 1,000 people in a given population?

Possible Answers:

Crude birth rate (CBR)

Base mortality

Basic demographic rate (BDR)

Demographic shift

Crude death rate (CDR)

Correct answer:

Crude death rate (CDR)

Explanation:

The crude death rate or CDR is the ratio of the number of deaths yearly per 1,000 people in a given population.

Example Question #71 : Ap Human Geography

What is the formula for determining the natural increase rate (NIR)?

Possible Answers:

NIR = CBR + CDR

NIR = CBR - CDR

NIR = 2*CDR

NIR = CBR - DSR

NIR = CBR*CDR

Correct answer:

NIR = CBR - CDR

Explanation:

NIR (Natural Increase Rate) = CBR (Crude Birth Rate) - CDR (Crude Death Rate)

Example Question #1 : Effects Of National Population Policies

Population policies vary by government. One example of a population policy is a eugenic policy. What is a eugenic policy?

Possible Answers:

A policy encouraging reproduction and population growth

A policy restricting immigration in order to halt rapid population growth

A policy that favors one racial group within the population

A policy encouraging marriage and the maintenance of traditional family units

A policy limiting the amount of children per family

Correct answer:

A policy that favors one racial group within the population

Explanation:

Eugenic policies favor one racial group and may lead to the subjugation of other groups with less political or social capital. One example is the Nazi Germany policy favoring people of Aryan descent over other ethnic and cultural groups.

Example Question #1 : Effects Of National Population Policies

Which of these statements about the relationship between economic development and population growth is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

A significant increase in economic development will eventually lead to a significant decrease in population growth

A significant increase in economic development will eventually lead to a significant increase in population growth

A significant increase in economic development will lead to an immediate increase in population growth

None of the other answers is correct

A significant increase in economic development will lead to an immediate decrease in population growth

Correct answer:

A significant increase in economic development will eventually lead to a significant decrease in population growth

Explanation:

Generally speaking, a significant increase in economic development in a country or region will eventually lead to a significant decrease in population growth. We know that this increase will likely not happen immediately because it takes time for a society to adjust to improved standard of living; for a time, the death rate will fall whilst the birth rate stays the same. Eventually people will realize that more of their children are surviving and that they have a great deal more options in life, and the birth rate will begin to fall as well, leading to a decrease in population growth. It is important to remember that this is a generalization and as a rule is not always applicable.

Example Question #1 : Effects Of National Population Policies

The “one child” policy is most closely associated with which of these countries?

Possible Answers:

Russia

China

Brazil

India

Pakistan

Correct answer:

China

Explanation:

China’s population grew immensely in the twentieth century from an already high starting point. In the 1970s, Chinese politicians began to worry that the population was growing too fast, and that soon China’s population growth would be out of control and the country would not be able to cope with the demand for resources. The government implemented a “one child” policy that provides incentives for parents who have only one child and punishments for those that have more. This is not uniformly enforced and has led to many social ills, but it has also curtailed China’s massive population growth.

Example Question #1 : Effects Of National Population Policies

Which of these policies would “Neo-Malthusians” most likely support?

Possible Answers:

Programs designed to provide aid to developing nations

Programs designed to help migrants settle and assimilate in new communities

Programs designed to encourage technological innovation in agricultural production

Programs designed to limit family size to two children

Programs designed to provide educational opportunities to women

Correct answer:

Programs designed to limit family size to two children

Explanation:

“Neo-Malthusians” generally adhere to Thomas Malthus’ Principle of Population, but have adapted it to suit the modern time period. “Neo-Malthusians” believe that the population of the world is growing too quickly for the scale of agricultural production to keep up. “Neo-Malthusians” advocate for programs and policies designed to control population growth, so they would be most likely to support a program that limits family size to two children.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors