AP Human Geography : AP Human Geography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #941 : Ap Human Geography

According to Derwent Whittlesey’s theory on agricultural regions, which of these areas of agriculture is not considered vital to developing societies?

Possible Answers:

Plantation

Intensive subsistence; rice

Shifting cultivation

All of these are considered vital to developing societies.

Pastoral nomadism

Correct answer:

All of these are considered vital to developing societies.

Explanation:

Derwent Whittlesey identified five key agricultural practices - as well as regions in which they were commonly practiced - that he considered vital to maintaining the population of developing societies. These include plantations; pastoral nomadism; intensive subsistence, rice; intensive subsistence, not rice; and shifting cultivation.

Example Question #941 : Ap Human Geography

Planned-agricultural economies are closely associated with __________.

Possible Answers:

Mercantilism

Pastoralism

Communism

Evangelism

Capitalism

Correct answer:

Communism

Explanation:

In a “planned-agricultural economy” the government controls all aspects of the production, sale, and exchange of agricultural produce. The supply and the price are both set by the government. This type of agricultural economy is closely associated with communist countries, although it is practiced in capitalist societies too. Planned-agricultural economies were common in China and the Soviet Union in the twentieth century, particularly when the two countries were under the control of Mao and Stalin, respectively.

Example Question #941 : Ap Human Geography

In the Von Thunen model which of these would be the furthest distance from the centre of the city?

Possible Answers:

Forestation

Vegetable gardens

Wheat and grain farms

Ranching

Dairy farms

Correct answer:

Ranching

Explanation:

In the Von Thunen model ranching and livestock agriculture is generally located the furthest distance from urban centers. This is because these forms of agriculture require more space and consist of produce that remains edible for a relatively long period of time.

Example Question #941 : Ap Human Geography

Most dairy farming in the United States occurs in which of these states?

Possible Answers:

Montana

Texas

California

Wisconsin

New York

Correct answer:

California

Explanation:

Despite its reputation Wisconsin is actually the second largest dairy-producing state in the United States. The honor of being the largest dairy producing state goes to California. Much of America’s dairy farming is concentrated in the upper Midwest, but California still produces almost a quarter of all America’s dairy produce.

Example Question #945 : Ap Human Geography

A mid-sized land holding in which most of the labor is done by machines is best described as a form of __________.

Possible Answers:

pastoralism

extensive agriculture

capital-intensive agriculture

subsistence farming

labor-intensive agriculture

Correct answer:

capital-intensive agriculture

Explanation:

“Capital-intensive agriculture” is a type of agricultural production in which a mid-size land holding is used to produce as much goods as possible. The vast majority of the labor is carried out by machinery, with relatively little human work required.

Example Question #941 : Ap Human Geography

Which of these human geographers is famous for developing the concept of distinct agricultural regions—some are important to developed countries and others are important to developing societies?

Possible Answers:

Walter Christaller

Derwent Whittlesey

Paul Vidal de la Blache

Arno Peters

Carl Sauer

Correct answer:

Derwent Whittlesey

Explanation:

Derwent Whittlesey is famous for developing the concept of eleven distinct agricultural regions in the 1930s. Whittlesey divided these eleven regions into some that were important to developed societies (e.g. livestock farming) and some that were important to developing societies (e.g. pastoral nomadism).

Example Question #947 : Ap Human Geography

An agricultural economy in which farmers produce and sell their own goods with the aim of making the largest profit possible is called a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

planned-agricultural economy

subsistence-agricultural economy

capitalist-agricultural economy

commercial-agricultural economy

mercantile-agricultural economy

Correct answer:

commercial-agricultural economy

Explanation:

A “commercial-agricultural economy” is the one that exists in most wealthy capitalist countries, and prevails generally around the world. It is an agricultural economy in which farmers produce and sell their own goods on the open market with the aim of making the largest profit possible.

Example Question #32 : Land Use & Cover

Von Thunen's model for rural land use relied on four major assumptions. Which one of these was not one of the four major assumptions for the model?

Possible Answers:

Farmers always produce goods for maximized profits

Isolated state - no external influences

Surrounded by wilderness

No visible change in soil, climate, or terrain

Minimum population of 200 people

Correct answer:

Minimum population of 200 people

Explanation:

The town needs to be located in the center of the concentric rings, but a minimum population was never specified.

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