AP Human Geography : AP Human Geography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Population & Migration

Which geographer's work, Laws of Migration, includes a theory highlighting the inverse relationship between the distance and volume of migration between a source and destination?

Possible Answers:

Kant

Ritter

Faustini

Al Idrisi

Ravenstein

Correct answer:

Ravenstein

Explanation:

First published in 1885, Ernst Ravenstein's Laws of Migration includes a theory highlighting the inverse relationship between the distance and volume of migration between a source and destination.  Ravenstein's work still forms the basis of modern human migration theory.

Example Question #1 : Types Of Migration

Over a series of generations a family from an isolated farm in Maharashtra State in India migrates first to a nearby village, then to a regional town, and finally to Mumbai. This is most accurately known as a __________.

Possible Answers:

step migration

chain migration

forced migration

voluntary migration

periodic migration

Correct answer:

step migration

Explanation:

This type of gradual migration, from farm to village to town to big city, is known as a “step migration” because it happens in a series of steps. It is a common way by which rural families arrive in an urban setting.

Example Question #1 : Population & Migration

Which of the following statements concerning migration is false?

Possible Answers:

Migration takes place in stages as opposed to one step

Migrants often settle in regions where friends or relatives have previously migrated

Migrants rarely return to their original source location

Migrants tend to not relocate again after reaching their end destination

Rural migrants often move to small communities before they move to larger ones

Correct answer:

Migrants tend to not relocate again after reaching their end destination

Explanation:

Migrants do tend to relocate after they have reached their desired destination. It is also common for migrants to return to their original location. All of the other statements are true.

Example Question #1 : Population & Migration

Which of the following is an example of internal migration?

Possible Answers:

Jaymes moves from South Africa to Egypt.

Bonnie moves from Canada to Mexico.

Due to a natural disaster, Dana is forced to relocate from Indonesia to Wales.

Johnny takes a temporary trip to Israel.

Mikey moves from New York to New Hampshire.

Correct answer:

Mikey moves from New York to New Hampshire.

Explanation:

Internal migration involves movement within a nation-state (e.g., the United States). Mikey's movement from New York to New Hampshire is a good example of internal migration.

Example Question #1 : Types Of Migration

The ability to move from one place/region to another is called __________.

Possible Answers:

relocation

mobility

travel

migration

communication

Correct answer:

mobility

Explanation:

"Mobility" is the ability of something or someone to move from one place or region to another. "Migration" refers specifically to groups of people or animals moving from one region or country to another. "Travel" is voluntary movement from one region to another.

Example Question #3 : Types Of Migration

Which of the following are different types of diffusion?

Possible Answers:
  1. Hearth
  2. Relocation
  3. Expansion
  4. Hierarchical
  5. Contagious
  6. Stimulus
  1. Formal
  2. Uniform
  3. Functional
  4. Nodal
  5. Perceptual
  6. Vernacular
  1. Thematic
  2. Statistical
  3. Cartogram
  4. Dot
  5. Choropleth
  6. Isoline
  1. Dispersed
  2. Scattered
  3. Clustered
  4. Agglomerated
  1. Absolute
  2. Relative
  3. Site
  4. Situation
  5. Place name
Correct answer:
  1. Hearth
  2. Relocation
  3. Expansion
  4. Hierarchical
  5. Contagious
  6. Stimulus
Explanation:

Hearth, relocation, expansion, hierarchical, contagious, and stimulus are all different types of diffusion.

Example Question #1 : Ap Human Geography

All of the following were significant factors in migration to Great Britain's North American colonies from Europe EXCEPT __________.

Possible Answers:

avoidance of political disruptions

the ability to gain large amounts of wealth

economic and financial necessity

escape from religious persecution

serving criminal punishment

Correct answer:

the ability to gain large amounts of wealth

Explanation:

Great Britain's North American Colonies saw a wide variety of people take the opportunity to settle America's Atlantic coast. Due to the wide variety of colonies and locations from which people came, the reasons for traveling to the New World ran the gamut from political and religious reasons to simple economic necessity and serving punishment in the colonies. Almost all of the colonists were middle or lower class individuals seeking a better life, rather than individuals trying to get rich quickly.

Example Question #1 : Major Historical Migrations

The Pilgrims who migrated to America aboard the Mayflower did so in order to __________.

Possible Answers:

settle and colonize lands for the French crown

All of the other answers are correct

avoid religious persecution in Europe

take advantage of the economic opportunities in the New World

escape the environmental degradation of English farmland and find new fertile pastures

Correct answer:

avoid religious persecution in Europe

Explanation:

The Pilgrims who migrated to America in the early seventeenth century did so in order to escape religious persecution in Europe. They were motivated by reasons of political repression and a desire for personal freedom.

Example Question #1 : Major Historical Migrations

The Indian Removal Act, which required hundreds of thousands of Native Americans to move west or face extermination, was passed during the Presidency of __________.

Possible Answers:

Andrew Jackson

Herbert Hoover

George Washington

Abraham Lincoln

Thomas Jefferson

Correct answer:

Andrew Jackson

Explanation:

In the early years of the American republic, white settlers and the native population clashed violently and frequently, often resulting in massacres and atrocities (more frequently, but not exclusively, committed by white settlers). In 1830, the American government passed the Indian Removal Act, which forced a large number of Native Americans (most of whom were living in the South) to migrate west of the Mississippi. The subsequent death march is referred to as the Trail of Tears. This took place during the Presidency of Andrew Jackson.

Example Question #1 : Migration

Aside from Brazil, what was the most common destination for enslaved Africans during the era of the Atlantic Slave Trade?

Possible Answers:

Bolivia

Central America

Argentina

English colonies in North America

The Caribbean

Correct answer:

The Caribbean

Explanation:

Brazil and the Caribbean were by far the most common destinations for enslaved Africans during the era of the Atlantic Slave Trade. This is because the climates of Brazil and the Caribbean were perfect for growing all sorts of different plantation-based cash crops like sugar, rubber, and cotton.

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