AP Human Geography : AP Human Geography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Population & Migration

The history of the ____________ people, who underwent numerous waves of involuntary and voluntary migrations in Europe over the last several hundred years, closely mirrors the history of the Jewish people over the same time period.

Possible Answers:

Roma

Gauls

Picts

Celtic

Danish

Correct answer:

Roma

Explanation:

The Roma people arrived in Europe some time in the fourteenth or fifteenth centuries. They migrated from some place in the East, probably over several generations, with the most commonly suspected point of origin being somewhere on the Indian subcontinent. Like the Jewish people who were already well dispersed around Europe the Roma did not assimilate smoothly into the countries they emigrated to. They retained their social customs and religious beliefs and were distrusted by large sections of the local population. For much of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries they were officially persecuted and banished by many of the societies of Europe and forced to migrate endlessly around Europe. State persecution of the Roma continues to this day in many countries.

Example Question #22 : Population & Migration

The Boer Republic, which fought a brutal and bloody war against the British Empire at the turn of the twentieth century, was primarily comprised of settlers from which European colonial power?

Possible Answers:

Sweden

The Netherlands

Great Britain

France.

Portugal

Correct answer:

The Netherlands

Explanation:

The Boers were settlers who arrived in what is now called South Africa in the seventeenth century. They came, almost exclusively, from the Netherlands - although some were Huguenots from France and other European countries.

Example Question #23 : Population & Migration

The modern day state of Utah was settled for the first time by people of European descent who were fleeing __________.

Possible Answers:

civil war

economic depression

industrialization

famine and drought

religious persecution

Correct answer:

religious persecution

Explanation:

The territory that comprises the modern day state of Utah had long been settled by Native Americans when the first white settlers began to arrive in the nineteenth century. The first group to settle in Utah in large numbers was the Mormons, who were fleeing religious persecution in the East of the United States.

Example Question #21 : Migration

In 1998 an estimated 350000 asylum seekers were from Croatia. What were their primary destinations in that year?

Possible Answers:

 Austria and Hungary

Kosovo and Albania

Germany and France 

Yugoslavia and Bosnia-Herzegovina

Correct answer:

Yugoslavia and Bosnia-Herzegovina

Explanation:

By 1998, the Croats had successfully found independence from their Serb occupiers. What's important here is that 1) Croats are a unique nationality, 2) Serbs are a unique nationality, and 3) the Muslims throughout the region are considered a nationality too. Following the Croatian victory, many ethnic Serbs living in Croatia did not want to be governed by the new Croats' government. So nearly thousands of ethnic Serbs fled Croatia for their “homeland” of Yugoslavia and Bosnia. Remember that Yugoslavia soon after devolved into Serbia-Montenegro, and the dictator Slobodan Milosevic was removed from power by his people.

Example Question #25 : Population & Migration

Immigrants arriving at Ellis Island were entering __________.

Possible Answers:

Mumbai

Sydney 

San Francisco

New York City 

London

Correct answer:

New York City 

Explanation:

For several decades of American history Ellis Island served as the point of arrival for immigrants coming to New York City and the United States from Europe and the rest of the world. Due to the vast numbers of Americans whose ancestors arrived via Ellis Island it retains a certain cultural significance even though the vast majority of contemporary immigrants arrive via plane or land borders.

Example Question #26 : Population & Migration

The first inhabitants of North America arrived via the Bering Strait into what is modern-day Alaska. How long did it take for these inhabitants to spread over the whole of the Americas?

Possible Answers:

Ten thousand years

Four thousand years

Two thousand years

Five thousand years

Fifteen thousand years

Correct answer:

Two thousand years

Explanation:

The first inhabitants of North America crossed over a land bridge from Asia into North America approximately fifteen thousand years ago. Having arrived in the new continent it took little more than two thousand years before the descendants of these new arrivals had spread across the whole of the Americas.

Example Question #21 : Ap Human Geography

What is the official term for the establishment of the Muslim belief system, along with its desired growth?

Possible Answers:

Expansive Islam

Islamization

Muslimism

Globalization

Correct answer:

Islamization

Explanation:

Islamization, or the establishment of the Islamic faith, began pretty quickly as soon as it was introduced by its founder, Muhammad. It has grown through the ages across various countries, and even continents.

Example Question #28 : Population & Migration

Compared to fifty years ago, the “centroid” of the United States population is further __________.

Possible Answers:

east and north

east and south

west and north

west and south

north

Correct answer:

west and south

Explanation:

The “centroid” refers to the geographic center of the population of a country. So, if more people in a country live in the West than in the East, the “centroid” will be further west. The “centroid” of the United States has moved consistently west and south basically since the country was founded. This is because a larger and larger share of the population is living in the West and the South. This is primarily a consequence of migration from the East to the West and from the North to the South.

Example Question #1 : Consequences Of Migration

The “Sun Belt” phenomenon caused significant population growth in all of the following American cities except __________.

Possible Answers:

Chicago

Las Vegas

Houston

Austin

San Diego 

Correct answer:

Chicago

Explanation:

The “Sun Belt” is the name used to describe much of the South and West of the United States. Beginning in the second half of the twentieth century, cities in these regions experienced dramatic population growth as many Americans migrated away from the Northeast and the Midwest. Chicago is a northern city, so it is not considered part of the “Sun Belt.”

Example Question #1 : Consequences Of Migration

The Great Migration contributed to the growth of __________.

Possible Answers:

the West Coast of the United States in the nineteenth century

industrial centers in the north of the United States

cities throughout the United States

China’s population in the twentieth century

Britain’s colonies in the Americas and Oceania

Correct answer:

industrial centers in the north of the United States

Explanation:

The “Great Migration” began in the late nineteenth century and continued throughout much of the early twentieth century. It involved the migration of African-Americans from the Deep South to cities like Chicago, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York - the industrial centers of the American northeast and midwest.

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