SAT II US History : U.S. Political History from Pre-Columbian History to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #6 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What were the territorial consequences of the French-Indian War (1756-1763)?

Possible Answers:
French loss of the Hudson Bay to the British
French loss of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland to the British
French loss of remaining territory in North America, including Canada and all land East of the Mississippi
French gain of territory west of the Mississippi from the British
French gain of territory north of the Great Lakes from the British
Correct answer: French loss of remaining territory in North America, including Canada and all land East of the Mississippi
Explanation:

Following the culmination of the French-Indian War, also called the Seven-Years War, the French ceded control of all remaining North American continental territory. The Hudson Bay, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland had already been ceded to the British following conflicts earlier in the Century. The French loss control of lands west of the Mississippi to the Spanish as payment for acquired debts and would not gain control of these lands until the conquests of Napoleon.

Example Question #3 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The Proclamation Act, issued in 1763...

Possible Answers:
Forbade colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
Required colonists to house British soldiers during times of war
Repealed the Stamp Act, after widespread protest
Re-affirmed the principles of Virtual Representation for the colonies in Parliament
Benefited New England ship builders who no longer had to compete with foreign workers
Correct answer: Forbade colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
Explanation:

The Treaty of Paris, which ended the French-Indian Wars, gave the British government control over massive swathes of land in Mid-West America. In an attempt to placate displaced and hostile Native Americans, the British government issued the Proclamation Act of 1763 which forbade any settlement of territory west of the Appalachians. 

Example Question #12 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Which of the following states was not one of the Northwest Territory?

Possible Answers:
Iowa
Illinois
Michigan
Indiana
Ohio
Correct answer: Iowa
Explanation:

The Northwest Territory was one of the first territories settled by the United States after independence and posed issues related to how new States would join the Union.  With the Northwest Ordinance, Congress created official measures for a territory to gain statehood.  The states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin were all created out of the Northwest Territory.

Example Question #4 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

This incident happened on March 5th, 1770, in Boston, then capital of the Province of Massachusetts Bay.  British soldiers fired into a crowd of verbally abusive and object-hurling colonists, angered by British Parliamentary legislation they believed to be unfair.  Known by the British as the Incident on King Street, 5 colonists were killed and six others were wounded.  What is this incident called in America?

Possible Answers:

The Boston Incident

The Boston Tea Party

The Death of Innocence

The Boston Massacre

The Massacre on King Street

Correct answer:

The Boston Massacre

Explanation:

The Incident on King Street is known in America as the Boston Massacre.

Example Question #4 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Nathaniel Bacon led an uprising in 1676, 100 years before the Declaration of Independence. Which of the following is/are true about this uprising?

Possible Answers:
The rebellion was successful and Bacon overthrew the English governor.
Two of the answer choices are true.
It was caused by the mercantilist policies of the English.
Bacon accused the English governor of treason.
All answer choices are true
Correct answer: Two of the answer choices are true.
Explanation:

The colonies were indeed upset by the mercantilist policies of England, which forbade the colonists from trading with anyone but England, and forbade them from crossing the Appalachian Mountains.  Bacon then led an uprising in 1676 in Jamestown, Virginia, during which he accusing the English governor of treason and killed many British and Native Americans.  He was not, however, successful.  Instead, Bacon died from typhus that was brought on by body lice!

Example Question #11 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

"The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endanger the public liberty."

The statement above was made by:

Possible Answers:

John Adams

George Washington

James Madison

Alexander Hamilton

Benjamin Franklin

Correct answer:

John Adams

Explanation:

John Adams said this. As one of the founding fathers, he was instrumental in writing the Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson. He was the second President of the United States, and appointed John Marshall as chief justice. In doing so, he pushed to elevate the judicial branch to a point of equality with the legislative and executive branches.  

He also wrote Thoughts on Government, which laid out legislatures with upper and lower houses and became the basis of many state constitutions.  

Example Question #11 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

How many states were needed to ratify the Constitution?

Possible Answers:

Thirteen

Nine

Eleven

Seven

Six

Correct answer:

Nine

Explanation:

Legally it only required that nine of the thirteen states ratify the Constitution before it went into effect as the supreme governing document of the United States. The first state to ratify was Delaware and the ninth was New Hampshire. Although it is worth noting that most politicians agreed that all thirteen states had to ratify the Constitution before it could be considered infallible, and the Union could be considered properly established, debate in Virginia and New York raged heatedly, with both states ratifying soon after New Hampshire. Only North Carolina and Rhode Island took significantly longer—North Carolina joining in November of 1789, and Rhode Island in May, 1790.

Example Question #11 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the name given to the collection of essays produced by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison, which defended the U.S. Constitution and the principles on which our government was based?

Possible Answers:

The Essays of Constitutionality

The Rights of Man

Constituional Interpretation

The Federalist Papers

The Articles of Confederation

Correct answer:

The Federalist Papers

Explanation:

John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison promoted the ratification of the U.S. Constitution through their series of essays called The Federalist Papers.

Example Question #12 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

"Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!"

 

The above quote is attributed to which Founding Father and post-colonial Governor of Virginia?

Possible Answers:

James Madison

George Washington

Patrick Henry

Thomas Jefferson

John Jay

Correct answer:

Patrick Henry

Explanation:

Patrick Henry is credited with having delivered these words to the Virginia Convention in his successful effort to commit Virginia troops to the Revolutionary War effort.

Example Question #13 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The Great Compromise of 1787 resulted in what?

Possible Answers:

A boundary between Canada and the U.S.

A balance between newly admitted slave and free states

A solution for the tensions between Native Americans and settlers west of the Appalachian Mountains

The final peace treaty between the U.S. and Britain

Two houses of Congress

Correct answer:

Two houses of Congress

Explanation:

The Great Compromise of 1787 resulted in the formation of two houses of Congress (The House of Representatives and the Senate): one based on population, the other giving equal representation to all states.

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