SAT II US History : U.S. Political History from Pre-Columbian History to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

King Phillip’s War was fought between                         .

Possible Answers:

Native Americans and France

Native Americans and Britain

Native Americans and colonists

Britain and France

Britain and Spain

Correct answer:

Native Americans and colonists

Explanation:

King Phillip’s war was fought between Native Americans and Puritan colonists in the 1670s. The war was the culmination of several decades of growing hostility between the Native people and the colonists. For their part, the Native Americans had seen their populations ravaged by European diseases, their lands settled by foreign settlers, and their sovereignty undermined by the imposition of English law. The tensions came to head when King Phillip’s (Native name: Metacomet) father died under suspicious circumstances, shortly after visiting with a colonial assembly. 

Example Question #27 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The Maryland Act of Toleration, 1649,                         .

Possible Answers:

argued explicitly for the separation of church and state

gave equal political rights to Catholics 

encouraged settlers to arrive from other European nations 

forbade the persecution and slaughter of Native Americans

allowed individuals to deny the divinity of Christ 

Correct answer:

gave equal political rights to Catholics 

Explanation:

The colony of Maryland was established, in part, as a safe place for Catholics to settle. It was an attempt to protect this tradition, against the dominant Anglicanism. The Act allowed for any Trinitarian Christians to settle in Maryland and be afforded equal social and political rights. It did state, however, that denying the divinity of Christ was punishable by death. Although it was frequently repealed and reinstated and then repealed permanently following the Glorious Revolution, many historians consider it to be a framework for later acts of religious toleration in the United States.

Example Question #24 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the name of the Act passed by the British Parliament on March 24th, 1765, which required the American colonists to provide food, shelter, and other provisions to British troops?

Possible Answers:

The Stamp Act of 1765

The Townshend Acts of 1765

The Homestead Act of 1765

The Sugar Act of 1765

The Quartering Act of 1765

Correct answer:

The Quartering Act of 1765

Explanation:

It was the Quartering Act of 1765. Needless to say, it was a contributing factor in the American colonists' rebellion.

Example Question #25 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What were the first military battles of the American Revolutionary War?

Possible Answers:

The Battles of Lexington and Yorktown

The Battles of Antietam and Bunker Hill

The Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Saratoga and Concord

The Battles of Saratoga and Yorktown

Correct answer:

The Battles of Lexington and Concord

Explanation:

The Battles of Lexington and Concord, fought on April 19th, 1775, were the first battles of the American Revolutionary War.

Example Question #27 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The Third Amendment to the Constitution                        .

Possible Answers:

provides for the freedom of speech

guarantees the freedom of the press

guarantees protection from forced quartering of soldiers 

provides for the freedom of religion

allows Americans the right to own guns 

Correct answer:

guarantees protection from forced quartering of soldiers 

Explanation:

The Third Amendment to the Constitution guarantees that American citizens are forever protected from having to quarter soldiers in their house. The Amendment was likely added in response to the Quartering Act, which the British instituted during colonial rule: it was designed to ensure a similar imposition on the rights of Americans would not happen again. The freedoms of religion, the press, and speech are all guaranteed in the First Amendment. The right to bear arms is protected by the Second Amendment.

Example Question #31 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

What colony was established by Thomas Hooker?

Possible Answers:

Maine

Connecticut

Pennsylvania

New Jersey 

Rhode Island

Correct answer:

Connecticut

Explanation:

Thomas Hooker founded the colony of Connecticut after an extensive disagreement with the Puritan leaders in Massachusetts. Hooker was a prominent Christian theologian and minister throughout his life.

Example Question #354 : U.S. Political History

Who established the colony of New Hampshire?

Possible Answers:

Roger Williams

Thomas Hooker

William Penn

Lord Baltimore

John Mason

Correct answer:

John Mason

Explanation:

The colony of New Hampshire was established by royal charter and founded by John Mason in 1629. The first community there had been established only six years previously. 

Example Question #355 : U.S. Political History

Which colony did not attend the First Continental Congress?

Possible Answers:

Georgia 

Florida

South Carolina

New Jersey

North Carolina

Correct answer:

Georgia 

Explanation:

The colony of Georgia had largely prospered under royal rule, and at the time of the First Continental Congress, in 1774, the majority of Georgians felt that they needed British rule to protect them from Native American attacks. After the battles of Lexington and Concord, many Georgians began to swing towards allegiance with the rest of the Americans.  

Example Question #31 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What colony was established by Lord Berkeley and George Carteret in 1664?

Possible Answers:

Maryland

Connecticut 

New Jersey

New York

New Hampshire

Correct answer:

New Jersey

Explanation:

The territory known as New Jersey was originally controlled by the Netherlands—and then by Sweden—before coming in to British hands in the 1660s. The Duke of York, later King James II, awarded the territory of New Jersey jointly to Lord Berkeley and George Carteret. To try to entice settlers Berkeley and Carteret provided for religious freedom in the colony and gave away large tracts of land.

Example Question #32 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the last colony to be founded prior to the Revolutionary War?

Possible Answers:

New Hampshire

West Virginia

South Carolina

Kentucky

Georgia 

Correct answer:

Georgia 

Explanation:

The last of the original thirteen colonies to be founded prior to the Revolutionary War was the colony of Georgia. It was founded in 1732, by James Oglethorpe, initially as a trustee colony, but later it become a royal colony under the Crown's direct protection. Georgia was also the colony which had most direct ties to the British Empire at the time of revolution, due in part to the shorter period with which Georgians had to create a separate identity, and also due to the protection from Native Americans that Georgians required from the British. 

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