SAT II US History : U.S. Political History from Pre-Columbian History to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #33 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

On July 4th, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted what document in Philadelphia?

Possible Answers:

The Constitution

The Declaration of Independence

The Bill of Rights

The Articles of Confederation

The Emancipation Proclamation

Correct answer:

The Declaration of Independence

Explanation:

On July 4th, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia.

Example Question #34 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

On March 4th, 1789, the U.S. Congress met for the first time in which American city?

Possible Answers:

Washington, D.C.

Richmond

New York City

Philadelphia

Boston

Correct answer:

New York City

Explanation:

On March 4th, 1789, the U.S. Congress met for the first time in New York City, at Federal Hall.

Example Question #35 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

At the First Continental Congress, only twelve of the thrteen colonies were represented.  Which colony was not represented?

Possible Answers:

Virginia

Delaware

Georgia

New Jersey

New York

Correct answer:

Georgia

Explanation:

At the First Continental Congress, only Geogia was not represented, as the colony was hoping for British help with its Native-American population.

Example Question #36 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The only state originally colonized by the French among the following is __________.

Possible Answers:

Massachusetts

Louisiana

Georgia

Maryland

New York

Correct answer:

Louisiana

Explanation:

Among all the European countries who colonized America in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, France was least interested in establishing large, permanent settlements. Instead, the French government favored establishing trading posts and dealing with the Native Americans. The French did have a presence stretching from the St. Lawrence River in Canada through the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River Valley. One of the few settlements was established at New Orleans in present day Louisiana.

Example Question #45 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Article 1 of the Constitution of United States details the __________.

Possible Answers:

executive branch

judicial branch

freedom of speech, religion, and assembly

the rights of citizens

legislative branch

Correct answer:

legislative branch

Explanation:

After a short preamble, the first subject that the writers of the Constitution addressed was the legislative branch of the government, the United States Congress. This position shows the vital role the framers saw in the legislature, as the "people's branch." Article II and III went on to detail the roles of the Executive and Judicial Branches, respectively. Enumerated rights of citizens were not originally included, and anti-federalists who were opposed to the constitution saw this as a primary reason to oppose the document. The Bill of Rights, ten amendments that enumerated rights of citizens was added in 1791.

Example Question #41 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The colony of Delaware was originally settled by __________.

Possible Answers:

Sweden

Spain

England

Portugal

the Netherlands

Correct answer:

Sweden

Explanation:

The first permanent settlement in present day Delaware was established by Sweden in 1638. Fort Christina (now Wilmington) was the only Swedish settlement in North America. This placed it perilously between the English in Virginia and the Dutch in New Amsterdam. In 1651, the Dutch conquered Fort Christina, pushing the Swedes out of North America. By 1664, the English had conquered all Dutch territory in North America.

Example Question #42 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

In a Republican system of governmental power is derived, in theory, from __________?

Possible Answers:

the laborers

the church 

the Monarch 

the people

the wealthy

Correct answer:

the people

Explanation:

In a Republican system of government the power is derived from the mass of the people. The people vote to elect representatives, who are then given a mandate to make decisions on behalf of the people. This is the system of government present in the United States. 

Example Question #43 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Which founding father was primarily responsible for drafting the United States Constitution?

Possible Answers:

John Adams 

James Madison

George Washington 

Thomas Jefferson 

Alexander Hamilton 

Correct answer:

James Madison

Explanation:

James Madison arrived at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 with the idea of creating an entirely new government than had existed under the Articles of Confederation. He documented these ideas, for the most part in his famous Virginia Plan, and garnered support from many of the delegates at the Convention. His ideas, along with those of Hamilton and Jefferson, would prove the driving forces behind the nature of the Constitution. 

Example Question #44 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Freedom of assembly is guaranteed in which Amendment to the Constitution?

Possible Answers:

Fourth 

Ninth 

Third 

First 

Sixth 

Correct answer:

First 

Explanation:

The First Amendment to the Constitution guarantees the right of American citizens to free religious belief, free speech, freedom of the press, and freedom to assemble and petition the government. Freedom of assembly was seen as vital to many of the Founding Fathers, as it would allow protection from tyranny and theoretically ensure the control of the people. 

Example Question #45 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Which of the following was NOT a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?

Possible Answers:

Nine out of the thirteen states had to agree in order to pass any legislation.

There was no president.

The Federal Government could not collect taxes.

The Federal Government could not declare war.

There was no judiciary.

Correct answer:

The Federal Government could not declare war.

Explanation:

Under the Articles of Confederation, there was a single legislative Congress, no president, and no judiciary. In this Congress, each state got a single vote and nine of the thirteen states had to agree to approve any legislation. This Congress could not print Federal currency, nor could it collect taxes.

About the only things it could do were handle foreign affairs, enter in to treaties, and declare war.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors