SAT II US History : U.S. Political History from Pre-Columbian History to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #14 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Which of the following colonies was among those governed directly by the people?

Possible Answers:

Maryland

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

New York 

Georgia 

Correct answer:

Rhode Island

Explanation:

Rhode Island and Connecticut were the only two self-governing colonies. They were both founded by dissenters from the Massachusetts Bay colony and directly elected the governor and representatives to the upper and lower houses. Maryland, Pennsylvania, Georgia, and New York were all governed by a proprietor.

Example Question #22 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762)                       .

Possible Answers:

ceded control of the Louisiana territory to Spain 

ended the French-Indian Wars

was an attempt to end the French-Indian Wars that quickly failed

ceded control of French colonial possessions in North America to Great Britain 

ceded control of Florida to Great Britain

Correct answer:

ceded control of the Louisiana territory to Spain 

Explanation:

The Treaty of Fontainebleau was a secret agreement made between Spain and France towards the end of the French-Indian Wars. Realizing that they were likely to lose the Seven Years’ War with Great Britain, the French government desired that the territory of Louisiana should fall into the hands of the Spanish before Great Britain could get a hold of it. The stated reason at the time was to ensure that the citizens living there would remain under Catholicism; however, most historians believe the geopolitical situation with Britain was of greater significance. The Treaty of Paris (1763) ended the French-Indian Wars and gave Britain control of the Eastern portion of the Louisiana territory and ensured that Spain would control the Western portion and the major port city of New Orleans. 

Example Question #15 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Which Founding Father is also considered the "Father of the Constitution?"

Possible Answers:

Alexander Hamilton

Benjamin Franklin

James Madison

John Adams

Thomas Jefferson

Correct answer:

James Madison

Explanation:

James Madison, the fourth President of the United States, is considered the "Father of the Constitution" for his role in drafting it and the Bill of Rights.

Example Question #16 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the name of the agreement signed in 1620 in Plymouth, Massachusetts by the Pilgrims wherein they promised to cooperate and to consult one another about laws for the colony?

Possible Answers:

The Mayflower Charter

The Plymouth Compact

The Mayflower Compact

The Pilgrim Accord

The Magna Carta

Correct answer:

The Mayflower Compact

Explanation:

On November 11th, 1620, while still aboard the Mayflower, most adult Pilgrim men signed the Mayflower Compact.

Example Question #17 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the famous 1787 compromise between slave and free states, in which 3/5ths of a state's slave population would be counted toward that state's congressional representation, called?

Possible Answers:

The Three-Fifths Compromise

The Compromise of 1787

The 1787 Resolution

The Wilson and Sherman Pact

Sherman's Law

Correct answer:

The Three-Fifths Compromise

Explanation:

Conceived by Roger Sherman and James Wilson, both delegates to the Philadelphia Convention of 1787, the Three-Fifths Compromise established the weight of a state's slave population toward the number of its members to the House of Representatives.

Example Question #21 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

What was the name given to the 1773 action of colonial patriots who, angered by British tea taxes, dressed as Mohawk indians, boarded ships in Boston Harbor, and dumped hundreds of crates of tea into the water?

Possible Answers:

The Boston Tea Party

The Boston Massacre

The Intolerable Act

The Militia Uprising

The Boston Insurrection

Correct answer:

The Boston Tea Party

Explanation:

The name given to the 1773 action of colonial patriots who, angered by British tea taxes, dressed as Mohawk indians, boarded ships in Boston Harbor, and dumped hundreds of crates of tea into the water was the Boston Tea Party. The British Parliament responded to the Boston Tea Party with the Intolerable Acts, which led to the Revolutionary War.

Example Question #22 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

In 1664, the British seized New Amsterdam from the Dutch. What did they rename it?

Possible Answers:

Boston

Nassau

New York

Philadelphia

Providence

Correct answer:

New York

Explanation:

In 1664, the British seized New Amsterdam from the Dutch and renamed it New York.

Example Question #23 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Meeting in 1619, what was the name of the first representative assembly in America?

Possible Answers:

The Committee of Safety

The House of Burgesses

The Continental Congress

The Philadelphia Convention

The Virginia Convention

Correct answer:

The House of Burgesses

Explanation:

Meeting in Virginia in 1619, the House of Burgesses was the first representative assembly in America. It was dissolved in 1774, by Royal Governor Lord Dunmore.

Example Question #24 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Which community was established by the exiled Pilgrim, Roger Williams?

Possible Answers:

Providence

Salem

Albany

Boston

Plymouth

Correct answer:

Providence

Explanation:

The exiled Pilgrim, Roger Williams, founded the community of Providence, in 1636, during the Antinomian Schism. Williams was a firm believer in the separation of church and state, as well as the rights of an individual to determine morality and sin for him or herself. His opinions were considered dangerous to the established church order, and he was banished in 1635. Williams was also one of the earliest supporters of Native American rights and equality, and he famously condemned King James I of England for establishing colonies in Native lands without providing monetary contribution. 

Example Question #28 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The Declaratory Act of 1766                       .

Possible Answers:

forbade colonists from settling beyond the Appalachian Mountains

stated that the British Parliament had ultimate authority to pass laws in the colonies

forced colonists to quarter British troops during time of war

reinstated the Stamp Act despite widespread protest

called on the colonists to make financial payments to the Crown for assistance during the Seven Years’ War

Correct answer:

stated that the British Parliament had ultimate authority to pass laws in the colonies

Explanation:

In 1765, the British Parliament was forced to repeal the Stamp Act, after widespread chaos and protest in the colonies; however, Parliament viewed this precedent as a dangerous trendsetter and sought to eradicate the problem before it could spread. To this end they affixed the Declaratory Act of 1766 to the repeal of the Stamp Act. The Act stated that British Parliament had as much power to fix laws in the colonies as it had back in Britain and throughout the rest of the Empire: parliament was the ultimate legal authority throughout the colonies. 

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