SAT II US History : U.S. Political History from Pre-Columbian History to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #81 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The colonists believed in the inherent fairness of “virtual representation” ______________.

Possible Answers:

None of these, the colonists did not believe that virtual representation was inherently unfair.

at all levels of government

at the federal level

at the state level

Correct answer:

None of these, the colonists did not believe that virtual representation was inherently unfair.

Explanation:

In order to answer this question, you must have remembered the meaning of virtual representation—the belief held by Grenville and others in the British political elite that the members of parliament accurately represented all citizens of the Empire, regardless of their actual physical representation (or lack thereof). This, of course, was one of the biggest matters of disagreement in between the Brits and colonists: the colonists disagreed with the so-called virtual representation—the colonists believed that the only fair representation would be actual, physical, representation in Parliament (hence “no taxation without representation”). 

Example Question #81 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Which of the following were reasons for Antifederalist opposition to ratification?

Possible Answers:

All of the answers are correct

Fear of diminished state power

Fear of tyranny

Lack of a Bill of Rights, or protections from federal encroachment

Correct answer:

All of the answers are correct

Explanation:

This question requires relatively little explanation, given that the answers are all explanations. That said, one of the answers—fear of diminished state power—may require some explanation. Some of the more entrenched and powerful state governors stood to lose much power if the Constitution was ratified. Do you understand why?

Answer: The individual states, and thus the heads of state (i.e. governors), gave up the nearly-unlimited power under the Articles of Confederation for the unity and protection of the Constitution.

Example Question #82 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

What is the most significant political legacy of the Virginia colony?

Possible Answers:

None of the answers given

That resistance to the Crown could be successful due to distance from Europe

That religion should be subordinate to secular interests in government

The introduction of representative politics on the continent

That white supremacy on the continent was both legitimate and inevitable

Correct answer:

The introduction of representative politics on the continent

Explanation:

In 1619, the Virginia Company established the House of Burgesses. It guaranteed the right of all white males in the colony to elect representatives who in turn consulted with the governor about the passage of laws in the colony. It was the first such example in the United States and laid the foundations for the institution of the House of Representatives in the United States Constitution.

Example Question #82 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The United States Constitution required ratification by nine of the thirteen original states. Which state was the ninth state to ratify the Constitution, thus solidifying the formation of the federal Union?

Possible Answers:

New Hampshire

Virginia

Massachusetts

New York

Vermont

Correct answer:

New Hampshire

Explanation:

New Hampshire was the ninth state to ratify the Constitution and thus give it effect. It did so on June 21, 1788. The first eight, listed in chronological order, were Delaware (December, 1787), Pennsylvania (December, 1787), New Jersey (December, 1787), Georgia (January, 1788), Connecticut (January, 1788), Massachusetts (February, 1788), Maryland (April, 1788), and South Carolina (May, 1788).

Example Question #743 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Which of the following was not a British response to the Boston Tea Party?
       

Possible Answers:

The Quebec Act

The Administration of Justice Act

Closing Boston Harbor

The Stamp Act

Correct answer:

The Stamp Act

Explanation:

This was a difficult question, due to the similarity of all of the answers. The key to answering it is remembering the timeline of pre-revolutionary America: “Closing Boston Harbor,” “The Administration of Justice Act,” and “The Quebec Act” were all part of the “Intolerable Acts” (also called the “Coercive Acts”). Britain passed the Intolerable Acts as a reaction to the Boston Tea Party; closing the Boston Harbor, for example, makes complete sense in that regard. The Stamp Act, however, was not a reaction to the Boston Tea Party—that would have been impossible given that Britain passed the Stamp Act nearly 10 years prior to the Boston Tea Party.

Example Question #403 : U.S. Political History

All of the following are true about the beginning of the Revolutionary War EXCEPT:

Possible Answers:
The French were instrumental in helping the Americans fight against the Royal Navy.
The Revolution went well at first, with several victories for the Americans coming early on.
in 1783, Britain acknowledged the legitimacy of America.
George Washington's troops fared very poorly at Valley Forge, losing thousands of men.
The signing of the Declaration of Independence led to the first shots fired of the war.
Correct answer: The signing of the Declaration of Independence led to the first shots fired of the war.
Explanation:

The first fighting of the Revolution started in April of 1775 when Paul Revere road through the night to spread the news.  The Declaration of Independence, however, didn't happen until July of 1776, over a year after the war began.  

Everything else here is true.  America saw early victories at Fort Ticonderoga and Boston, but then the war took a turn for the worse, and over 2,500 Americans died at Valley Forge. The French, still angry over the French and Indian War, offered support to the Americans and were instrumental in changing the tide of the war. The Americans and the French trapped the British in Chesepeake Bay, and on September 3, 1783, the British prime minister resigned and officially recognized the United States. 

Example Question #744 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

The Presidential Veto is an example of which tenet of the United States Constitution?

Possible Answers:

Popular Sovereignty

Judicial Review

Republicanism

Separation of Powers

Checks and Balances

Correct answer:

Checks and Balances

Explanation:

The ability of the President to veto a law passed by Congress is an example of the system of checks and balances that the founding fathers believed would help prevent any one branch of government from wielding too large a portion of control. In a further example of the system of checks and balances, Congress can overturn a Presidential Veto with a two-thirds majority vote in both Houses of Congress. 

Example Question #85 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The Albany Plan                 .

Possible Answers:

passed the colonial assemblies, but was rejected by the British government 

called for a united government of the thirteen colonies for mutual protection 

rejected the imposition of taxation without representation on the colonists

proposed a peaceful and immediate resolution to conflict with Britain

improved trade relations between the colonies and France

Correct answer:

called for a united government of the thirteen colonies for mutual protection 

Explanation:

The Albany Plan was proposed by Benjamin Franklin in the middle of the eighteenth century. Franklin called for the creation of a unified government to provide for the mutual defense and protection of the thirteen colonies. The representatives were motivated by a desire to better protect themselves against raids by Native American people and the French. The plan was rejected both by the colonial assemblies and by the British government—who feared that the Albany Plan would lead to further unification and weaken British control on the individual colonies. Many of the ideas expressed in the Albany Plan would resurface in the Articles of Confederation, following the end of the Revolutionary War. 

Example Question #1 : Summary Of U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The Proclamation of 1763                    .

Possible Answers:

forbade colonists from crossing west of the Appalachian Mountains 

allowed the British the right to unlimited search and seizure of Colonists’ properties

made it illegal to speak against the Crown

issued a series of heavy taxes on the colonists

mandated that colonists had to quarter British soldiers in their homes

Correct answer:

forbade colonists from crossing west of the Appalachian Mountains 

Explanation:

The Proclamation of 1763 was issued by Great Britain after the end of the French-Indian Wars, in which Britain gained a great deal of new territory in North America. It was passed to prevent colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. The purpose of the Proclamation was to re-establish positive trading rights with Native Americans, who were upset with the constant westward expansion of European settlers. 

Example Question #3 : Summary Of U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Which amendment established that the people of the United States had rights outside of those specifically outlined in the Bill of Rights?

Possible Answers:

Tenth Amendment 

Nineteenth Amendment 

Ninth Amendment 

Eighteen Amendment

Twenty-First Amendment

Correct answer:

Ninth Amendment 

Explanation:

The Ninth Amendment to the Constitution, included in the Bill of Rights, states that the people of the United States have rights that are not included in the Constitution. The framers of the Bill of Rights understood that the interpretation and viability of the Constitution would change over time, so designed it to be specifically elastic in an attempt to prevent future abuses of rights. 

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