AP Latin : Latin Adjectives

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Latin

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Latin Adjectives

Which adjective correctly completes the sentence below?

Legionarii romani milites __________ in mundo sunt.

Possible Answers:

fortissimis

fortissimes

fortissima

fortissimi

Correct answer:

fortissimi

Explanation:

Although "fortis" is a third declension adjective, in its superlative comparative form, "fortissimus," it functions as a second declension adjective; this means that in order to agree with "milites," which is itself an appositive for "Legionarii," it must be in the second declension masculine nominative plural, "fortissimi."

Example Question #1 : Latin Essentials

Which adjective correctly completes the sentence below?

Agricola __________ est.

Possible Answers:

laeta

laetus

laetum

laeti

Correct answer:

laetus

Explanation:

Although "agricola" is a first declension noun, it is a rare exception to this declension in that it is masculine, meaning it would require the second declension masculine adjective form "laetus" in order to match grammtically in case, number and gender.

Example Question #2 : Latin Adjectives

Which adjective form properly completes the sentence?

Mare __________ est.

Possible Answers:

placidus

placido

placida

placidum

Correct answer:

placidum

Explanation:

"Mare" is a third declension neuter singular noun. Thus it requires the neuter nominative singular adjective form, "placidum."

Example Question #3 : Latin Adjectives

Which adjective form properly completes the sentence?

Cornu capri __________ est.

Possible Answers:

longa

longus

longum

longo

Correct answer:

longum

Explanation:

"Cornu" is a neuter fourth declension noun. It appears in the nominative singular case in this sentence, meaning it requires the neuter nominative singular form "longum."

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