AP Latin : Latin Essentials

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Latin

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Latin Prepositions

Which noun case best completes the sentence?

Viri ab __________ ad urbem eunt.

Possible Answers:

silva

silve

silvam

silvae

Correct answer:

silva

Explanation:

The preposition "ab" requires the ablative case.

Example Question #2 : Latin Prepositions

Which noun case best completes the sentence?

Romani per __________ navigant.

Possible Answers:

maris

mare

marem

mara

Correct answer:

mare

Explanation:

"Mare," as a neuter singular i-stem noun, has an accusative form of "mare"; the preposition "per" requires the accusative form.

Example Question #1 : Ap Latin Language

Which adjective correctly completes the sentence below?

Legionarii romani milites __________ in mundo sunt.

Possible Answers:

fortissimi

fortissima

fortissimis

fortissimes

Correct answer:

fortissimi

Explanation:

Although "fortis" is a third declension adjective, in its superlative comparative form, "fortissimus," it functions as a second declension adjective; this means that in order to agree with "milites," which is itself an appositive for "Legionarii," it must be in the second declension masculine nominative plural, "fortissimi."

Example Question #1 : Ap Latin Language

Which adjective correctly completes the sentence below?

Agricola __________ est.

Possible Answers:

laeti

laetum

laetus

laeta

Correct answer:

laetus

Explanation:

Although "agricola" is a first declension noun, it is a rare exception to this declension in that it is masculine, meaning it would require the second declension masculine adjective form "laetus" in order to match grammtically in case, number and gender.

Example Question #3 : Ap Latin Language

Which adjective form properly completes the sentence?

Mare __________ est.

Possible Answers:

placida

placidum

placido

placidus

Correct answer:

placidum

Explanation:

"Mare" is a third declension neuter singular noun. Thus it requires the neuter nominative singular adjective form, "placidum."

Example Question #4 : Ap Latin Language

Which adjective form properly completes the sentence?

Cornu capri __________ est.

Possible Answers:

longum

longus

longo

longa

Correct answer:

longum

Explanation:

"Cornu" is a neuter fourth declension noun. It appears in the nominative singular case in this sentence, meaning it requires the neuter nominative singular form "longum."

Example Question #5 : Ap Latin Language

Which noun case best completes the sentence?

Mars deus __________ est.

Possible Answers:

belli

bella

bello

bellis

Correct answer:

belli

Explanation:

"Bellum" is a second declension neuter noun; thus, in the genitive descriptive strucutre of the sentence above, the proper answer is "belli," the genitive singular of "bellum."

Example Question #1 : Latin Verbs

Based on context, which verbs best completes the sentence for tense, person and number?

Cras, ad templum ego __________.

Possible Answers:

ambulat

ambulas

ambulabo

ambulavi

Correct answer:

ambulabo

Explanation:

"Cras" signifies tomorrow, meaning that, out of the options presented, the verb must be in the future; "ego," the subject, signifies that the verb must be in first-person singular.

Example Question #1 : Using Perfect Tense In Latin

Which verb properly completes the sentence in the perfect tense?

Puellae ad villam ­__________.

Possible Answers:

ambulavi

ambulaverunt

ambulabant

ambulant

Correct answer:

ambulaverunt

Explanation:

"Ambulaverunt" is the only answer that is both in the perfect tense and matches the subject, "puellae," in number and gender.

Example Question #2 : Latin Verbs

Which verb properly completes the sentence in the perfect tense?

Miles gladium __________.

Possible Answers:

tenuisti

tenuit

tenebat

teneo

Correct answer:

tenuit

Explanation:

"Tenuit" is the only verb in the perfect tense to agree in person and number with the subject, "miles."

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