SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Determining Meaning from Type of Relationship

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy:

Triangle is to pyramid as circle is to __________.

Possible Answers:

globe

sphere

round

oval

cube

Correct answer:

sphere

Explanation:

A pyramid is a three-dimensional version of the triangle. Similarly, a sphere is the three-dimensional version of the circle. 

None of the other analogies have this relationship.

Globes are spherical, but refer specifically to spheres upon which three-dimensional maps of the Earth are depicted. 

An oval is simply an elongated circle, also known as an ellipse.

Round is the quality of being non-linear, for either three-dimensional or two dimensional.

Cube is the three-dimensional version of the square.

Example Question #21 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Singer is to choir as player is to ____________.

Possible Answers:

bar

bat

uniform

team

shoe

Correct answer:

team

Explanation:

This analogy shows a part to whole relationship. 

A singer is part of a larger unit (the choir). 

The correct answer is "player is to team." A player is part of a team (the team being the whole). 

Example Question #21 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Museum is to __________ as orchard is to trees.

Possible Answers:

pestilence

sailors

artifacts

vocations

weapons

Correct answer:

artifacts

Explanation:

An "orchard" is a group of "trees," particularly fruit "trees." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is found in a "museum." The correct answer is "artifacts." A collection of "artifacts" is known as a "museum." An "artifact" is a man-made object of historical of cultural interest. Additionally, "pestilence" is disease; a "vocation" is an occupation, a job.

Example Question #22 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Midshipman is to navy as __________ is to army.

Possible Answers:

tank

private

aviator

mine

cartographer

Correct answer:

private

Explanation:

A "midshipman" is a low ranking member of the "navy." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a low ranking member of the "army." The correct answer is "private." Additionally, an "aviator" is a pilot of planes; a "cartographer" is a mapmaker.

Example Question #21 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Armada is to __________ as infantry is to soldiers.

Possible Answers:

pedestrians

passengers

warships

airplanes

politicians

Correct answer:

warships

Explanation:

"Infantry" is a term that can be used to describe a group of "soldiers." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these an "armada" is made up of. The correct answer is that an "armada" is a fleet, a group of "warships." Additionally, "pedestrians" are people walking, as opposed to people in cars.

Example Question #22 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Complete this analogy.

Peanut is to shell as __________________.

Possible Answers:

apple is to tree

refrigerator is to kitchen

poultry is to meat

flour is to dough

banana is to peel

Correct answer:

banana is to peel

Explanation:

A peanut's outermost layer is its shell. The correct answer will demonstrate a similar relationship. A banana's outermost layer is its peel, so that is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Example And Category

Xylophone is to instrument as __________.

Possible Answers:

wax is to candle

cloud is to sky

game is to chess

pear is to fruit

lock is to key

Correct answer:

pear is to fruit

Explanation:

A xylophone is an example of an instrument, so we need to pick out an answer choice that consists of two nouns, where the first is an example of the second. While “pear is to fruit” and “game is to chess” might each look like a potentially correct answer, “game” is not an example of a “chess,” so “game is to chess” cannot be the correct answer. A pear is an example of a fruit, however, just as a xylophone is an example of an instrument, so “pear is to fruit” is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Example And Category

Analogies: Complete this analogy. 

Scull is to boat as hamlet is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Town 

Mountain 

Carriage 

Lake 

Forest 

Correct answer:

Town 

Explanation:

A scull is a small boat, so to solve this analogy you have to determine which of the answer choices is a bigger version of a hamlet. A hamlet is a small community, like a village, so the correct answer is “town.”

Example Question #2 : Example And Category

Complete this analogy.

Virtue is to honesty as vice is to __________.

Possible Answers:

generosity 

consideration

mendacity 

kindness 

intelligence 

Correct answer:

mendacity 

Explanation:

A "virtue" is a good or righteous attribute in a person, and a "vice" is the opposite, a negative or bad attribute in a person. "Honesty" is a example of a virtue, so to solve this analogy you have to determine which of these answer choices is an example of a vice. "Mendacity" means dishonesty and is the best example of a vice that is available.

Example Question #3 : Example And Category

Complete this analogy.

Vermillion is to red as lavender is to ­__________.

Possible Answers:

shade 

light 

hue 

purple 

dark 

Correct answer:

purple 

Explanation:

"Vermillion" is a shade of red, so to solve this analogy you have to determine into which color lavender can be categorized. The correct answer is “purple.” For clarification, "shade" and "hue" are synonyms of one another.

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