SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Determining Meaning from Type of Relationship

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #31 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Crimson is to red as teal is to ­­­__________.

Possible Answers:

Hue 

Pink

Color 

Shade 

Blue 

Correct answer:

Blue 

Explanation:

Crimson is a shade of red, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine a color of which teal is a shade. Teal is a bluish-green color, so "blue" is the correct answer.

Example Question #5 : Example And Category

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Dalmatian is to dog as lynx is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Cat

Fish 

Lion 

Elephant 

Tree

Correct answer:

Cat

Explanation:

A "Dalmatian" is a type of "dog," so to solve this analogy, you have to determine what type of animal a "lynx" is. A lynx is a type of wild cat, so "cat" is the correct answer. While "lion" might look like a potentially correct answer because, like a lynx, a lion is a type of wild cat, "lion" cannot be the correct choice for this very reason. If the model relationship in the analogy were "Dalmation is to dachshund," then "lion" would be the correct answer, but because the second word of the model relationship is "dog," the category into which "dalmation" fits, "cat," the category into which "lynx" fits, is the correct answer.

Example Question #31 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Judaism is to religion as socialism is to __________.

Possible Answers:

capitalism 

government 

religious 

practical 

democracy 

Correct answer:

government 

Explanation:

Judaism is a type of religion, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine what category socialism falls into. The correct answer is “government,” as socialism is a political system of communal ownership.

Example Question #32 : Determining Meaning From Type Of Relationship

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Cockatoo is to bird as __________.

Possible Answers:

sky is to bird

mammal is to dolphin

whale is to fish

plant is to animal

frog is to amphibian

Correct answer:

frog is to amphibian

Explanation:

The relationship between "cockatoo" and "bird" is that a cockatoo is a type of bird. Likewise, a "frog" is a type of "amphibian." One choice that may seem similar is "whale is to fish," but whales are not fish; they are mammals. Therefore, there is no relationship between "whale" and "fish." The choice "mammal is to dolphin" shares the same relationship as a "dolphin" is a type of mammal, but the order of the words is category to example instead of example to category, as it is worded in the question. Therefore, "mammal is to dolphin" is an inappropriate choice. The relationship between "bird" and "sky" is that birds fly in the sky. The relationship between "plant" and "animal" is unclear. 

Example Question #32 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Scarlet is to red as cerulean is to __________.

Possible Answers:

blue 

black 

yellow 

green 

orange 

Correct answer:

blue 

Explanation:

“Scarlet” is a type or shade of red, or a bright red color. “Cerulean” is a type or shade of blue specifically meaning of the color blue of the sky.

Example Question #33 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Mouse is to rodent as possum is to __________.

Possible Answers:

cat

soup

marsupial

squirrel

pest

Correct answer:

marsupial

Explanation:

“Mice” belong to the group “rodent,” which include gnawing animals that have constantly growing incisors. A “possum” belongs to the group “marsupial,” which include animals that carry their babies in a pouch over the stomach. To further help you, a "pest" is something that is a nuissance.

Example Question #33 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Rose is to flower as wheat is to __________.

Possible Answers:

diaspora

grain

venerate

horse

bread

Correct answer:

grain

Explanation:

A “rose” is a type of “flower,” so we need to find a word which describes what “wheat” can be classified as. “Wheat” is a type of seed used to make food and is commonly classified as a “grain,” along with rye, barley, and oat. To clarify the other terms, a “diaspora” is a group of people who live away from where their ancestors lived; to “venerate” is to feel or show deep respect for.

Example Question #34 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Book is to publication as shark is to __________.

Possible Answers:

octopus

fish

whale

shelf

sea

Correct answer:

fish

Explanation:

A “book” is a type of “publication,” along with things like magazines and newspapers. We need to find the group that “shark” fits into. A “shark” is a type of fish with cartilage instead of bones and is usually carnivorous. “Shark” fits into the group “fish.”

Example Question #35 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Prince is to royalty as baron is to __________

Possible Answers:

nobility 

animosity 

capacity 

ability

culpability 

Correct answer:

nobility 

Explanation:

A prince is a member of royalty, so to solve this analogy you have to determine which of these answer choices is a group that a baron belongs to. A baron is a member of the aristocracy, also known as a member of the “nobility.” To provide further help, “ability” means skill; “culpability” means responsibility; “capacity” is limit on ability; “animosity” is a feeling of hatred and anger

Example Question #31 : Part/Whole, Part/Part, Example/Category, And Cause/Effect

Complete this analogy.

Peony is to flower as __________.

Possible Answers:

mark is to indicate

seed is to germinate

computer is to electricity

bat is to mammal

color is to purple

Correct answer:

bat is to mammal

Explanation:

A "peony" is a type of flower, and we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a type or example of the second. While “color is to purple” and “bat is to mammal” might each seem like a potentially correct answer, “color is to purple” cannot be the correct answer because “color” is not an example of a “purple.” A bat is an example of a mammal, however, just as a peony is an example of a flower, so “bat is to mammal” is the correct answer.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors