ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Conjunctions and Sentence Logic in One-Blank Sentences

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Leslie believed that her opinions were grounded on indisputable facts, found in reality, there were significantly influenced by her own __________ interests and dispositions.

Possible Answers:

subjective

questionable

misinformed

exaggerated

erroneous

Correct answer:

subjective

Explanation:

The implied opposition in this sentence is made between the word to be chosen as an answer and the notion of objective facts, grounded outside of Leslie’s own biases and interests. Something is said to be “subjective” when it is related only to a given person’s perspective (wants, desires, or merely his or her knowledge and frame of reference).

Example Question #42 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Ever confident and ready to speak of her abilities, Eva was not known for being __________ when complimented by others.

Possible Answers:

unbiased

impartial

speechless

diffident

detached

Correct answer:

diffident

Explanation:

When someone is “diffident,” he or she is shy or modest because of a deficiency in self-confidence. Since the sentence indicates that Eva was both confident and ready to speak of her abilities, we can say that she truly would not be known for diffidence. The word comes from root words in Latin literally means “to lack faith in one’s self.” The “-fident” portion of the word is the “faith” or “trust” portion, related to words like “confident,” “fidelity,” and “infidel.”

Example Question #41 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Rufus normally expatiated greatly in his writing, when need pressed him, he was able to express himself relatively __________.

Possible Answers:

thoroughly

comprehensibly

succinctly

clearly

grandiosely

Correct answer:

succinctly

Explanation:

The key word to note is “expatiated,” to which the needed word will be opposed. When one “expatiates,” he or she discusses something in great detail (implying that it is done for quite some length of time or space). The word “succinctly,” meaning “expressed in a brief manner,” provides the best contrast to this word. It is derived from root words related to the notion of “encircling” such as “cincture.”

Example Question #41 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Laura was not known for using understated examples to argue her viewpoint but instead would often employ __________ expressions in order to stress her personal opinion.

Possible Answers:

dominant

questionable

supreme

incomparable

hyperbolic

Correct answer:

hyperbolic

Explanation:

The answer to this question needs to be contrasted to “understated examples.” When something is “understated,” it is expressed either in a manner that presents it as less important than it is or perhaps in a way that is somewhat subtle and measured. In contrast to understatement, “hyperbole” is the overstatement of some topic. The “hyper-” portion means “over,” as is found in a word like “hyperactive.” The “-bolic” or “-bole” portion of the word comes from the Greek “to throw,” a word reflected in the words “ball” as well as “ballistics.” In a certain literal sense, “hyperbole” is a case of “throwing” a meaning “overtop” its appropriate scope or usage.

Example Question #42 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although George had been assured that the snipe was merely an __________ animal, he was beginning to guess that it was not merely difficult to catch, but that it was a nonexistent fable.

Possible Answers:

irregular

uncertain

unsteady

elusive

underground

Correct answer:

elusive

Explanation:

The key phrase in this sentence is “not merely difficult to catch,” as this indicates that the snipe must have been described as being difficult to capture. Something of this type is known as being “elusive,” a word derived from Latin roots literally meaning “to play away from,” though it takes more nuanced forms in English. It is related to words like “elude,” “illusion”, and even “prelude.”

Example Question #42 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

When they were first married, Brenna found Nick’s comments on the news to be perceptive, but now after years of marriage, his well-worn, superficial observations were nothing but __________ observances to her.

Possible Answers:

inane

repetitive

provincial

hidebound

localized

Correct answer:

inane

Explanation:

Probably the most tempting wrong answer for this question is “repetitive,” for Nick’s comments are “well-worn;” however, since they are also “superficial,” the word “inane” does the best job at capturing both descriptions. Although it means “stupid” or “silly,” these meanings should not be stressed to harshly. Often, one speaks of “inane questions,” implying that they are ridiculously unnecessary and obvious. This sense matches well Nick’s comments.

Example Question #44 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Odo had rarely expressed any dislike for any of his academic adversaries, he showed a surprising amount of __________ against Severinus when he wrote his latest book.

Possible Answers:

pettiness

conspiring

disgust

machinating

animus

Correct answer:

animus

Explanation:

The contrast here is between the rarity of Odo showing any dislike and a recent case that differed from this normal practice. When someone shows “animus,” he or she is said to show ill will or hostility. The word comes from the Latin for “soul” or “mind” as found in words like “animal” and “animated.”

Example Question #42 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

After decades of physically-mobile work, inspecting the corporation’s vast field operations, Edward found it quite difficult to adjust to the __________ work in an office cubicle.

Possible Answers:

sedentary

tedious

automated

boring

lax

Correct answer:

sedentary

Explanation:

The contrast that should be noted is that between the needed word and the fact that Edward’s former work was “physically-mobile.” In comparison with such work, his new work was “sedentary,” meaning that it was done while sitting. None of the other options captures the contrast as well as this option. The word “sedentary” is related to other “sitting” words such as “reside”, “preside,” “sedate,” and “resident.”

Example Question #43 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The farmers bought more fertilizer for their fields this year, but the harvest was __________ due to an unexpected increase in pests.

Possible Answers:

plentiful

catastrophic

profuse

meager

exuberant

Correct answer:

meager

Explanation:

The word “but” will turn the direction of this sentence after the first clause. The phrase “due to an unexpected increase in pests” is another important clue. This tells us that the harvest was below expectations due to a negative circumstance. Therefore the correct answer is meager. Note: catastrophic is too strong a negative word in this case.

Example Question #41 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although the detective sought diligently for clues and pondered intensely over the mysteries of the case, he was dismayed that the solution continued to __________ him.

Possible Answers:

invoke

elude

enlighten

incriminate

suspect

Correct answer:

elude

Explanation:

The word “elude” means to escape or to avoid (in this case, the detective’s understanding). The word “although” contrasts the detective’s diligent efforts and his inability to solve the case. The only choice that makes sense is "elude." Beware of "incriminate" and "suspect," which were given to lead the test-taker astray. These words are related to the industry of detective work, but do not have the right meaning for the blank. 

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