ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Conjunctions and Sentence Logic in One-Blank Sentences

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Geoffrey maintained a(n) __________ tone in the letter he sent the journalist, despite his anger at the libelous comments the journalist made.

Possible Answers:

urbane

equivocating

furious

boorish

condescending

Correct answer:

urbane

Explanation:

The correct answer is "urbane." The key word in this sentence is “despite,” indicating that the tone employed in Geoffrey’s letter was unexpected for the circumstance and quite the opposite of angry. Therefore, "urbane" (most closely synonymous with polite) is the best answer. "Equivocating" does not mean angry, but is not the best answer. "Condescending" and "boorish" are both tones that closely resemble anger and "furious" means angry, so none of these answer choices is correct either.

Example Question #52 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The best part of being in the wilderness is how __________ it feels; it’s such a nice contrast to the stressful hustle and bustle of the city.

Possible Answers:

placid

insistent

replete

noxious

jocular

Correct answer:

placid

Explanation:

The correct answer is "placid." There are two hints in this sentence: the first is the word “best” indicating that the missing word will have a positive connotation (thus eliminating "noxious" and "replete"). The second key to this sentence is that the wilderness is contrasted to stress and motion, indicating that the wilderness is more calm and quiet. "Jocular" means neither "calm" nor "quiet."

Example Question #53 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Fred is normally a belligerent individual behind the wheel, but he becomes even more __________ and aggressive when driving in heavy traffic.

Possible Answers:

tranquil

vilified

complacent

contentious

demure

Correct answer:

contentious

Explanation:

The correct word must be synonymous with both "belligerent" and "aggressive." Only "contentious" means wanting to fight.

Example Question #54 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The student was gifted, but his academic progress was often __________ by his misbehavior in class.

Possible Answers:

enhanced

nullified

fortified

broadened

credited

Correct answer:

nullified

Explanation:

The structure of the sentence, with two clauses separated by the word "but," tells you that the student struggled even though he should not have. The correct answer choice will be one that effectively means to cancel out his academic progress. "Nullified," meaning neutralize or make unimportant, is the best answer choice.

Example Question #55 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The writer was often criticized for using __________ language and avoiding academic jargon or technical language.

Possible Answers:

colloquial

highbrow

verbose

convoluted

intellectual

Correct answer:

colloquial

Explanation:

The writer's avoidance of jargon and technical language is contrasted with the answer choice. Look for the answer that is an antonym to "technical" or "academic." "Colloquial," meaning informal and local and referring to language, is the best answer choice.

Example Question #56 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The incumbent’s continual double-talk and __________ on important issues precipitated his defeat in the elections due to a loss of public trust.

Possible Answers:

vacillation

perspicacity

zeal

fortitude

perseverance

Correct answer:

vacillation

Explanation:

The correct answer is “vacillation,” which means indecision or wavering.  Thus, the incumbent’s double-talk and vacillation on important issues "precipitated" (or accelerated) his defeat in the elections. Notice the conjunction “and” connects the phrase “continual double-talk” with the missing word. From this, we know that the missing word has a negative connotation. "Fortitude," perspicacity," and "perseverance" each have a positive meaning, and thus can be eliminated when solving this question.

Example Question #54 : One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Mark showed a friendly countenance to all he met, at his core he was a cynic and a convinced __________.

Possible Answers:

scrooge

stoic

antagonist

misanthrope

desperado 

Correct answer:

misanthrope

Explanation:

Mark’s cynicism is most likely displayed in his thoughts about the state of (and relative hopefulness for) other humans; therefore, the best word is “misanthrope.” This is derived from two Greek roots. The prefix, “mis-,” has many usages implying wrong, lacking, and other such words (e.g. “mistake,” “mistreat,” “misunderstand”). The second part is derived from anthropos, which means human person, and has related English derivatives in words like “anthropology” and “philanthropist.” Our word therefore means one lacking in respect for human beings or even, more strongly, one who hates humankind.

Example Question #57 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

Though he contested the legality of the winner's campaign methods, the gracious candidate was __________ in defeat.

Possible Answers:

confused

defiant

obstinate

magnanimous

lazy

Correct answer:

magnanimous

Explanation:

The correct answer is "magnanimous," meaning noble or courageous. The contextual clues of the sentence imply that the reaction was positive by the words "gracious" and "despite." This makes "magnanimous" the logical choice to finish the sentence.

Example Question #58 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

Few doubted the old hermit’s __________, but he constantly maintained that he was the least knowledgeable man alive.

Possible Answers:

aloofness

candor

reclusiveness

sagacity

disdain

Correct answer:

sagacity

Explanation:

The hermit actually is wise, though he denies it of himself. The best word is therefore “sagacity.” The word is derived from the Latin for “keen-sighted” or “perceptive” and is found in related English words like “sage.”

Example Question #57 : One Blank Sentences

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

The young man loved to hear people make __________ statements, for these gave him a chance to show them their amusing imprecision.

Possible Answers:

rustic

vague

fatuous

imprudent

egregious

Correct answer:

vague

Explanation:

The key word here is “imprecision.” The “im-” prefix is privative, meaning not. Something "imprecise" is hazy or vague. While it might be tempting to think that the young man liked showing that people were stupid (i.e. "fatuous") or even "rustic" or "imprudent," the best option is the one most closely matching “imprecision,” and that option is “vague.”

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