ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Conjunctions and Sentence Logic in One-Blank Sentences

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although few people believe in many corporeal __________ like our ancestors, still those believing in only one god often speak as though he were a physical being in the world.

Possible Answers:

characters

legends

personalities

deities

stories

Correct answer:

deities

Explanation:

The contrast in this sentence is between one god and many gods. Our blank is not necessarily about ancient legends. Indeed, it makes little sense to speak of “corporeal” (bodily) stories. The word “deity” means god or god-like being. Words like “deify” (to make into a god) or “theology” (the study of god) are related to “deity.” Therefore, the sentence is speaking of our ancestors believing in many gods—or, many “deities."

Example Question #22 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Few people speak of the “souls” of plants, but Aristotle believed that such beings must be __________ in some manner, for they exhibit self-motion not found in lifeless beings like rocks.

Possible Answers:

differentiated

animated

betokened

exalted

spiritual

Correct answer:

animated

Explanation:

The two key descriptors used in this sentence are “exhibit self-motion” and “not found in lifeless beings.” To be “life-filled” and to be “self-moving” is to be “animated.” The word “animated” actually comes from the Latin "anima," meaning soul. We often use the word to describe moving cartoons or perhaps someone who is very active in expressing himself or herself—as in, “He discussed the topic in an animated manner, flailing his hands about in excitement.”

Example Question #1431 : Sat Critical Reading

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

In comparison with the daring tastes and hobbies of his wife, John found enjoyment in much more __________ pleasures.

Possible Answers:

rustic

bucolic

suburban

pedestrian

rural

Correct answer:

pedestrian

Explanation:

Normally, we use the word “pedestrian” to mean one who is walking instead of driving in a city. The roots of the word would lead us to think this as well, for “pedestrian” is derived from the Latin for “foot,” found in other words like “pedal” and “pedicure;” however, as an adjective, the word can mean “unexciting” or “uninteresting.” Since John is being contrasted with his wife, who has “daring tastes and hobbies,” he must be somewhat unexciting and dull—rather pedestrian.

Example Question #21 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

In comparison with his rather svelte siblings, Tilghman’s __________ form struck a significant visual contrast.

Possible Answers:

sizeable

corpulent

gangly

grandiose

extruded

Correct answer:

corpulent

Explanation:

The contrast in this sentence is between Tilghman’s “svelt” siblings and himself. If someone is “svelt,” he or she is slender; therefore, if he is not svelt, Tilghman must be fat or “corpulent,” which means the same.

The word is derived from an almost identical Latin root that means the same and is more distantly derived from the Latin for “body” found in words like “corpse,” “incorporation,” and “corporeal.”

Example Question #12 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Frowin’s two brothers were quite extreme in their temperaments, one being quite dolorous, while the other was exceedingly cheerful; for his part, Frowin was something of a __________ between these two, seeming to avoid either extreme by a judicious balance.

Possible Answers:

mean

tranquility

fulcrum

pivot

hing

Correct answer:

mean

Explanation:

The sense here is that Frowin occupies a “middle position” between these two, balancing their characteristics. The “mean” of a series of numbers is the average. The term is often used to describe any type of average between two or more things.

Example Question #23 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Randall had long kept the many dogs together in one location in the animal shelter; however, recent events had led him to decide to __________ the large dogs from the small ones.

Possible Answers:

remove

differentiate

revoke

position

segregate

Correct answer:

segregate

Explanation:

The sense of the sentence is that Randall wishes to separate the large dogs from the small ones. The word “segregate” best implies separation of this sort. It literally means “to gather apart (or into parts).”

The prefix “se-” here implies the parts or “apart,” while the “-gregate” is derived from the Latin for “flock,” a root found in “congregation” and “gregarious.”

Example Question #22 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Donald was not a great organ __________, his skills were quite adequate for the small church’s needs.

Possible Answers:

virtuoso

instructor

understudy

authority

expert

Correct answer:

virtuoso

Explanation:

The implication in the contrast formed in this sentence is that Donald does not have superior or extremely noteworthy skills at the organ (though he is adequate). A “virtuoso” is one who has great skills, particularly in artistic or musical areas, so this is better than “expert” for our purposes. The term is related to “virtue,” which is derived from the Latin “virtus,” meaning “strength” or “power.” This word came to be applied to virtue in the sense that we use the term insofar as virtue “empowers” one to act in a truly good manner.

Example Question #21 : One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Many of Francis’ college friends were amazed that he had settled down in a monogamous, married relationship, as he had been quite a __________ when they knew him in college.

Possible Answers:

layabout

drinker

chauvinist

partier

philanderer

Correct answer:

philanderer

Explanation:

By looking at the contrast established in this sentence, we can say that Francis must have been something of a womanizer or rather promiscuous during his college days. Such a person is called a “philanderer,” a term almost always applied to men.

This is in because of its literal meaning, “man of (many) love(s)” from “phil+anderer.” The “phil-” portion is found in words like “philosophy,” which means “love of wisdom,” and “Philadelphia,” “(the city of) brotherly love.” The second half comes from the Greek word for man and is found in English words like “android,” and “polyandry” (meaning “having many husbands”).

Example Question #22 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although Gina was quite a __________ personality, her brother was quite happy to avoid any prolonged social contact.

Possible Answers:

staunch

recollected

sociopathic

vivacious

gregarious

Correct answer:

gregarious

Explanation:

Since she is different than her brother (in this respect, at least), Gina must be happy and able in social company. Such a person is “gregarious”, a word that is derived from the Latin root “grex” (and “gregis”) for “flock.” This base has many related English words that likewise reflect this “multitude” or “flock,” such as “aggregation,” “congregation,” and “segregate.”

Example Question #961 : Psat Critical Reading

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Although some found Vincent to be a bit aloof and odd, I personally found him to have an __________ manner that was amusing, if admittedly unconventional.

Possible Answers:

risible

genial

droll

jocund

lighthearted

Correct answer:

droll

Explanation:

One is considered to be “droll” if their actions are amusing because of their curious manner. The humor is not necessarily “side-splitting” in the sense of being boisterously humorous. In an older usage, the word “droll” means a jester (of sorts), and the word might be derived from roots meaning an imp or goblin. Even if this is not the case, we can add (for our vocabulary expansion) that the word “impish” means mischievous or (sometimes) odd or crafty.

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