ISEE Upper Level Verbal : Conjunctions and Sentence Logic in One-Blank Sentences

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #81 : Isee Upper Level (Grades 9 12) Verbal Reasoning

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Everything is in __________; which pleases Susan because she likes things to be balanced, fair, and equal. 

Possible Answers:

quiescent 

equilibrium 

reverie 

hiatus 

disarray 

Correct answer:

equilibrium 

Explanation:

From the structure of this sentence it is clear that the correct answer must mean balanced, fair, and equal. This should lead you to "equilibrium" which is a state of balance and equality. To provide further help, "disarray" means chaos; a "hiatus" is a break, a period of rest; "quiescent" means at rest; "reverie" means a state of daydreaming

Example Question #82 : Isee Upper Level (Grades 9 12) Verbal Reasoning

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

The committee has decided that, due to the departments inflated budget, the department of agriculture will bear the __________ of the recent round of budget cuts.

Possible Answers:

brunt

accrue

trace

commode

travesty

Correct answer:

brunt

Explanation:

The sentence tells you that the department of agriculture has an inflated budget and that a committee is deciding on which department should have its budget cut. Based on the context it is clear that the department of agriculture will have to bear the majority of the budget cut. We use the word "brunt" to describe something that has to deal with the majority of the impact of something. To provide further help, "accrue" means accumulate, collect; "commode" means room; "trace" means outline; "travesty" means mockery of justice.

Example Question #82 : Isee Upper Level (Grades 9 12) Verbal Reasoning

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

When confessing his sins to the priest the man was desperate to express his __________, so as to be granted forgiveness. 

Possible Answers:

hubris 

abstinence 

aspersion 

grouses 

penitence 

Correct answer:

penitence 

Explanation:

The man in this sentence is seeking to make amends. To solve this problem you need to determine which of these words means something like feeling or expressing regret before God. The correct answer is therefore "penitence." To be "penitent" means to seek God's forgiveness through humility and a confession of one's sins. To provide further help, "abstinence" means the quality of not indulging one's desires, particularly when related to sex or alcohol; "hubris" is excessive pride; "grouses" are complaints; "aspersion" is an attack on someone's character, defamation

Example Question #84 : Isee Upper Level (Grades 9 12) Verbal Reasoning

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Smoking cigarettes is very unhealthy because they contain cancer-causing chemicals called __________.

Possible Answers:

torpid 

carcinogens 

intoxicants 

laconic 

sinewy 

Correct answer:

carcinogens 

Explanation:

From the context of this sentence it is reasonably clear that the answer you are looking for must mean cancer-causing. The correct answer is therefore "carcinogens" A "carcinogen" is something that causes cancer. To provide further help, "intoxicants" are things like drugs and alcohol, things that make you intoxicated; "laconic" means brief; "sinewy" means strong and muscular; "torpid" means lethargic, lacking energy

Example Question #81 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In One Blank Sentences

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

They were able to avoid a __________ dispute by coming to terms reasonably quickly.

Possible Answers:

protracted

savory

surreptitious

supercilious

laconic

Correct answer:

protracted

Explanation:

The fact that the two subjects of this sentence were able to come to an agreement quickly means that they were logically able to avoid a lengthy dispute. The correct answer must mean something like prolonged or lengthy. So, "protracted" is correct. "Protracted" means prolonged, lasting a long time. To provide further help, "savory" means delicious, tasty but not sweet; "supercilious" means disdainful, feeling dislike for; "laconic" means brief and is an antonym of "protracted"; "surreptitious means secretive

Example Question #81 : Isee Upper Level (Grades 9 12) Verbal Reasoning

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

It has often been said that hate is the __________ of love, but it strikes me that apathy might be a better contrast.

Possible Answers:

personification

crucible

antithesis

exponent

enigma

Correct answer:

antithesis

Explanation:

Hate and love are complete opposites so the answer choice you are looking for her should mean something like polar opposite, converse. The correct answer is therefore "antithesis" which means something that is the complete opposite of something else. To provide further help, "enigma" means puzzle; "personification" means the representation of something non-human as having human traits, incarnation; an "exponent" is an advocate, a supporter; a "crucible" is a harsh and demanding trial

Example Question #81 : Isee Upper Level (Grades 9 12) Verbal Reasoning

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

He did not want to go out with his friends that evening, but using careful and impassioned persuasion they were able to __________ him.

Possible Answers:

preclude

cajole

infiltrate

abandon

tantalize

Correct answer:

cajole

Explanation:

The use of the conjunction "but" suggests that even though the subject did not want to go out his friends were able to successfully convince him. You are told that they made a passionate argument to "encourage" or "urge" him, so the answer choice you are looking for must have a similar meaning to these two words. The correct answer is therefore "cajole" which means to encourage, to persuade someone to do something, to urge. To provide further help, "preclude" means eliminate, get rid of, prevent from being included; "infiltrate" means gain access to, usually through sneaky methods; "tantalize" means tease and tempt

Example Question #82 : Isee Upper Level (Grades 9 12) Verbal Reasoning

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

She urged her friend in politics to __________ for her sister who was in jail, but the politician insisted there was nothing he could do. 

Possible Answers:

adulterate

intercede

fetter

contaminate

prattle

Correct answer:

intercede

Explanation:

Based on the context of this sentence you are looking for a word that means something like intervene on behalf of, get involved to protect someone. The correct answer is therefore "intercede." To provide further help, "fetter" means to shackle, to tie-up; "prattle" means to talk foolishly at length; "adulterate" means to edit and make impure; "contaminate" means pollute

Example Question #81 : Sentence Completion

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

His __________ approach cost him supporters, particularly among the younger voters who were not prepared to be patient. 

Possible Answers:

dilatory 

disconsolate 

prodigious 

debonair 

unrepentant 

Correct answer:

dilatory 

Explanation:

The fact that the people who did not support the subject were impatient suggests that the subject was acting in a sluggish, unhurried, or slow fashion. The correct answer is therefore "dilatory" which means acting slowly, sluggish. To provide further help, "disconsolate" means dejected, feeling hopeless; "prodigious" means large, immense; "debonair" means suave and sophisticated; "unrepentant" means not apologetic

Example Question #84 : Sentence Completion

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

In yet another travesty of justice the __________ was allowed to walk free whilst an innocent man was sentenced to fifteen years in jail.

Possible Answers:

devotee

guerilla 

fallow 

culprit

pugilist 

Correct answer:

culprit

Explanation:

You are told in this sentence that the author is describing an injustice in which an innocent man was convicted whilst another man walked free. Based on this context the other man was the guilty party, or the "culprit." To provide further help, a "pugilist" is a boxer, a fighter; a "devotee" is a committed fan; "guerilla" means rebel; "fallow" means left inactive, inactive soil.

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