AP World History : Regional and Global Groups and Organizations 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #871 : Political History

Which of these best describes why the League of Nations failed?

Possible Answers:

Very few wealthy countries agreed to be members and it lacked the weight of a truly united governing body

None of these answers is true; the League of Nations is generally viewed as a success

It encouraged economic cooperation, but favored only the wealthy imperial powers

It had no army of its own and could not enforce any ultimatums or sanctions

It destabilized the European imperial powers and led to violent decolonization around the world

Correct answer:

It had no army of its own and could not enforce any ultimatums or sanctions

Explanation:

The League of Nations failed for a number of reasons - not least of all the refusal of the United States’ Congress to participate. But, the biggest reason why the League of Nations failed is that it had no army of its own and could therefore not enforce any of its ultimatums or sanctions. This meant that when a country contravened the rules of the League there were absolutely no consequences.

Example Question #21 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

Which of the following countries is NOT in Southeast Asia?

Possible Answers:

Cambodia

India

Malaysia

Vietnam

Correct answer:

India

Explanation:

India is a sub-continent and considered a region unto itself in Asia, despite being to the south and east of most of Asia. Despite gaining its independence around the same time as the concept of Southeast Asia developing, the British influence on its development lead to it being a Western ally.

For the countries in Southeast Asia, although many are far from mainland Asia and next to the countries now considered Oceania, their classification reflected the political conflicts of the time.

Example Question #873 : Political History

Which of these best describes the role of the United States in the League of Nations?

Possible Answers:

The United States took a leading role in the League of Nations, along with Britain, France, and Italy

The United States played a minor role in the League of Nations and tended to avoid interfering in foreign conflicts or diplomatic disputes

The United States played no role in the League of Nations because Congress refused to approve of American participation

The United States played no role in the League of Nations and opposed its creation during the Paris Peace Accords

The United States took a leading role in the League of Nations and the decisions of the League always aligned with the motivations of the American government

Correct answer:

The United States played no role in the League of Nations because Congress refused to approve of American participation

Explanation:

The United States played no role in the League of Nations. Although the League was the brainchild of American President Woodrow Wilson, Congress refused to ratify the treaty, which would have led to American participation.

Example Question #1594 : Ap World History

The Truman Doctrine was initially aimed at preventing the spread of communism to which two countries?

Possible Answers:

France and Germany

Japan and Korea

Greece and Turkey

Vietnam and India

Egypt and Iran

Correct answer:

Greece and Turkey

Explanation:

The Truman Doctrine was first directed towards preventing the spread of communism in Greece and Turkey in 1948. It involved significant financial aid being given to these two countries by the United States’ government.

Example Question #1592 : Ap World History

Which of these was not a founding member of the European Economic Community?

Possible Answers:

Italy

France

Britain

West Germany

The Netherlands

Correct answer:

Britain

Explanation:

The European Economic Community was founded in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome. It may be understood as one of a few precursor organizations to the later European Union. All of these countries were founding members except Great Britain.

Example Question #872 : Political History

The Geneva Conference primarily concerned the conflict between communism and capitalism in which two countries?

Possible Answers:

China and Cuba

Korea and the Soviet Union

Vietnam and China

Korea and Vietnam

Afghanistan and Turkey

Correct answer:

Korea and Vietnam

Explanation:

The Geneva Conference took place in 1954. Its primary goal was to find a way to resolve the conflicts between the forces of communism and capitalism in Korea and Vietnam and mediate the French withdrawal from French Indochina.

Example Question #1596 : Ap World History

Which of these rulers first articulated the phrase “Iron Curtain”?

Possible Answers:

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Josef Stalin

Harry Truman

Winston Churchill

David Lloyd George

Correct answer:

Winston Churchill

Explanation:

The phrase “iron curtain” was first used by former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill when he was giving a speech in America in 1946. It refers to the division between capitalist Western Europe and communist Eastern Europe.

Example Question #1597 : Ap World History

The phrase “mutually assured destruction” came to prominence during __________.

Possible Answers:

World War I

the Cold War

the Crimean War

the Gulf War

World War II

Correct answer:

the Cold War

Explanation:

The phrase mutually assured destruction refers to nuclear deterrence. It essentially states that it would be suicide for one nuclear power to launch a nuclear missile at another nuclear power. This is because the enemy would surely retaliate and catastrophic levels of devastation would be felt equally on both sides. It rose to prominence during the Cold War when the United States and the Soviet Union came close to obliterating one another on multiple occasions.

Example Question #22 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

Which of these statements about the aftermath of the Geneva Conference is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

The Soviet Union ignored the Geneva Accords and cancelled the Korean elections when it became clear that a capitalist government would win

None of these statements is accurate; the Geneva Accords were respected by both sides

The Soviet Union ignored the Geneva Accords and cancelled the Vietnamese elections when it became clear that a capitalist government would win

The United States ignored the Geneva Accords and cancelled the Vietnamese elections when it became clear that a communist government would win

The United States ignored the Geneva Accords and cancelled the Korean elections when it became clear that a communist government would win

Correct answer:

The United States ignored the Geneva Accords and cancelled the Vietnamese elections when it became clear that a communist government would win

Explanation:

The Geneva Conference ended with the publishing of the Geneva Accords, which provided for the withdrawal of France from French Indochina and the division of French Indochina into Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. It also provided for the division of Vietnam along the seventeenth parallel and provisions for an election to establish a united government in Vietnam. The United States violated the Geneva Accords when it became clear that a communist government would be elected in the Vietnamese elections.

Example Question #51 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

Which of these was not one of the international organizations created in Europe after World War Two to promote peace on the continent?

Possible Answers:

These were all international organizations created in Europe after World War Two to promote peace on the continent

The European Coal and Steel Community

The European Farming and Fishing Community

The European Atomic Energy Community

The European Economic Community

Correct answer:

The European Farming and Fishing Community

Explanation:

The European Coal and Steel Community was founded in 1951 by the Treaty of Paris. The European Atomic Energy Community was established in 1957. The European Economic Community was established in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome. All of these organizations were designed to promote peace and mutual prosperity in Europe after World War Two and may all be understood as precursors to the later European Union (1993).

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