AP World History : Regional and Global Groups and Organizations 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #885 : Political History

Which of these countries was not one of the founding members of OPEC?

Possible Answers:

Iran

Saudi Arabia

Venezuela

Egypt

Iraq

Correct answer:

Egypt

Explanation:

OPEC, or the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, was founded in 1960 with the stated goal of controlling the global supply and price of oil. Its member countries control approximately half of the world’s supply of petroleum. The five founding members of OPEC were Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and Kuwait.

Example Question #886 : Political History

Which of these countries is not one of the signers of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty?

Possible Answers:

The United States

Iran

Russia

China

Israel

Correct answer:

Israel

Explanation:

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was signed in 1968. Its stated goal is to prevent the spread of nuclear technology and nuclear weapons to new countries. The treaty allows for five states, who already had nuclear weapons, to remain armed - The United States, Russia, France, China, and the United Kingdom. Only four countries in the world have not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty India, Pakistan, South Sudan, and Israel. It is worth noting that North Korea did sign the treaty, but had since withdrawn.

Example Question #883 : Political History

Which of these countries are members of the North American Free Trade Agreement?

I. United States

II. Canada

III. Cuba

IV. Mexico

V. Britain

 

Possible Answers:

I, II, and IV

I, II, and V

I, III, and IV

I, II, and III

I and II

Correct answer:

I, II, and IV

Explanation:

The North American Free Trade Agreement is an agreement between the United States of America, Canada, and Mexico to create a North American trading bloc with certain rules governing trade between the three nations. It came into effect in 1994. The primary goal of the North American Free Trade Agreement was to eliminate obstacles to trade and investment between the three member nations.

Example Question #888 : Political History

Which of these countries was not one of the original members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization?

Possible Answers:

Poland

The United States

The Netherlands

Italy

France

Correct answer:

Poland

Explanation:

All of these countries were members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization except Poland which was one of the founding members of the eastern bloc and the Warsaw Pact.

Example Question #52 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

The Warsaw Pact was created in response to __________.

Possible Answers:

the fall of the Berlin Wall

the American involvement in the Korean war

the creation of the European Union

the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

the American invasion of Vietnam

Correct answer:

the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Explanation:

The Warsaw Pact was created in the 1950s in reaction to the growth of NATO (particularly the admittance of West Germany into NATO in 1955). The Warsaw Pact was the Eastern European, communist equivalent of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Western, capitalist Europe.

Example Question #890 : Political History

Doctors Without Borders and Greenpeace are both examples of __________.

Possible Answers:

Nongovernmental Organizations

Environmental Organizations

Multinational Corporations

Nondenominational Organizations

World Trade Organizations

Correct answer:

Nongovernmental Organizations

Explanation:

A Nongovernmental Organization (NGO) is an organization that is neither run for profit (like a business) nor a branch of any one country’s government. An NGO usually works to improve the lives of people or to provide a necessary and lifesaving service. Doctors Without Borders and Greenpeace are two famous examples of NGOs who work outside of the typical conventions in an attempt to make a difference in the world.

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