AP World History : Regional and Global Groups and Organizations 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

The Treaty of Versailles included all of the following provisions except __________.

Possible Answers:

France took control of Alsace-Lorraine from Germany

Germany accepted responsibility for the war and agreed to pay reparations to the victorious powers

disarmament of the German military

Italy took control of the Tyrol from Germany

the Rhineland was established as a demilitarized zone between France and Germany

Correct answer:

Italy took control of the Tyrol from Germany

Explanation:

The Treaty of Versailles included all of the aforementioned provisions except that Italy took control of the Tyrol from Austria rather than from Germany. The modern-day Tyrol continues to be partially a part of Italy and partially a state in Austria.

Example Question #11 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

The primary purpose of the British and French delegates at the Paris Peace Accords was to __________.

Possible Answers:

protect their overseas colonies and establish the universal right to free trade

ensure peace, prosperity and stability in post war Europe

seek loans and compensation from the United States of America

none of these answers properly reflects the primary purpose of the British and French delegates at the Paris Peace Accords

blame and punish Germany for the outbreak of the war

Correct answer:

blame and punish Germany for the outbreak of the war

Explanation:

The Paris Peace Accords took place following the end of the First World War and led to the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. The primary goal of the British and French delegates at the Paris Peace Accords was to ensure that the defeated Germans accepted all moral and financial responsibility for the conflict. This directly led to economic depression in Germany and indirectly led to the rise of Nazism and Adolf Hitler.

Example Question #12 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

The 1938 Munich Conference is marked by the __________.

Possible Answers:

the reiteration of the terms of the Paris Peace Accords

the successful assassination of British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain

the failed hope of the policy of appeasement

the assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler’s life

the loss of Czechoslovak and Polish autonomy

Correct answer:

the failed hope of the policy of appeasement

Explanation:

The 1938 Munich Conference is notable for the failed attempts at appeasing Hitler by British politician Neville Chamberlain. Hitler’s expansionist ambitions had long been known by the British and French, but it was hoped, by agreeing to his less troublesome demands, war could be averted. History has widely condemned Chamberlain for his policy of appeasement.

Example Question #13 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

Japan withdrew from the League of Nations __________.

Possible Answers:

in protest over the League’s refusal to condemn Chinese occupation of neutral territory in the South China Sea

in protest over China’s annexation of Manchuria

following the League’s condemnation of the Japanese invasion of Russian territory in the far east

following the League’s condemnation of the Japanese invasion of Manchuria

in protest over America’s annexation of Guam and the Philippines following the Spanish-American War

Correct answer:

following the League’s condemnation of the Japanese invasion of Manchuria

Explanation:

Japan withdrew from the League of Nations in 1933 following the latter’s condemnation of the Japanese invasion and occupation of Manchuria.

Example Question #31 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

The League of Nations included all of the following countries except __________.

Possible Answers:

Japan

the United States

Italy

France

Britain

Correct answer:

the United States

Explanation:

The League of Nations was the brainchild of American President Woodrow Wilson, yet the United States never joined the League. This is because Congress failed to ratify the treaty which would have led to America’s participation. Lack of American involvement is one of the many reasons why the League of Nations would ultimately prove so ineffective.

Example Question #32 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

The League of Nations was established by __________.

Possible Answers:

The Treaty of Paris

The Treaty of Amsterdam

The Treaty of Rome

The Treaty of Versailles

The Peace of Westphalia

Correct answer:

The Treaty of Versailles

Explanation:

The Treaty of Versailles brought to an end the hostilities of World War One. The treaty is often condemned for seeking to punish the Germans too heavily and indirectly leading to the outbreak of World War Two. It did, however, establish the League of Nations.

Example Question #1585 : Ap World History

The Treaty of Maastricht __________.

Possible Answers:

established the European Union

created the Warsaw Pact

established the European Economic Community

created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

annulled the Warsaw Pact

Correct answer:

established the European Union

Explanation:

The Treaty of Maastricht established the European Union in 1993. The formation of the European Union was the culmination of a decades long process to more closely integrate the economies and politics of European nations to prevent further outbreaks of war.

Example Question #14 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

The state of Israel was formed __________.

Possible Answers:

during the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire

during a civil war after the British left Palestine

by a resolution of the League of Nations

by a resolution of the United Nations

during a civil war in British mandate Palestine

Correct answer:

by a resolution of the United Nations

Explanation:

The state of Israel was founded by a resolution of the United Nations. After the end of the Second World War, increasingly large numbers of Jewish settlers came to settle in Palestine. Sectarian violence between the Jewish and Arab populations escalated and Britain turned the authority of settling the Palestinian situation to the United Nations. In a UN resolution it was decided that British Palestine would be divided into a majority Muslim country and a majority Jewish country - thus creating the state of Israel.

Example Question #872 : Political History

The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance was created in response to __________.

Possible Answers:

the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

the fall of the Berlin Wall

the creation of the European Union

the Marshall Plan

the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

Correct answer:

the Marshall Plan

Explanation:

The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance was created under the leadership of the Soviet Union in 1949 and included all the countries of the Warsaw Pact and communist and member states around the world. It may have been created in response to the Marshall Plan in Western Europe, certainly it can be understood as the Soviet equivalent of the Marshall Plan as it aimed to provide aid and economic assistance to potential communist nations around the world.

Example Question #1592 : Ap World History

Which of these countries was not one of the original members of the Warsaw Pact?

Possible Answers:

Czechoslovakia

Bulgaria

East Germany

Turkey

Poland

Correct answer:

Turkey

Explanation:

All of these countries were original members of the Warsaw Pact - an alliance of communist nations under the leadership of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe- except Turkey. Turkey is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and was an important capitalist ally of the United States of America during the Cold War.

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