AP World History : Regional and Global Groups and Organizations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

Ancient Egypt was a collection of city-states along the Nile River under the tutelage of a __________________.

Possible Answers:

President

Pope

Mufti

Pharaoh

Caliph

Correct answer:

Pharaoh

Explanation:

Ancient Egypt was ruled by a Pharaoh, a title that comes from the ancient Egyptian word for "Great House."

A "mufti" is a Muslim legal expert; Ancient Egypt existed for millennium prior to Islam.

Likewise, a "Caliph" is a supreme Muslim leader, similar to an Islamic pope. While Egypt today is a mostly Muslim nation, ancient Egypt was mostly polytheistic with only small sects of monotheistic faiths; none of which were Islamic.

The "Pope" is the supreme Catholic leader. While the ancient Egyptian language eventually became the traditional language of Egypt's Christian community, Ancient Egypt existed long before Christianity.

A "president" is a leader elected in a democratic process of competing political parties, whereas the ancient Egyptian leadership was hereditary and based on the support of the clergy and warriors.

Example Question #2 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

The Pax Romana was a period in which ___________________.

Possible Answers:

cities and agricultural areas around the Mediterranean had an established network of trade relations with the city of Rome that was protected by Roman military force

Rome was able to defeat enemies due to the development of the Sarissa, the pike

Rome became a tributary of Greece

Rome was sacked by Gothic tribes

Rome's leadership converted to Christianity

Correct answer:

cities and agricultural areas around the Mediterranean had an established network of trade relations with the city of Rome that was protected by Roman military force

Explanation:

The Pax Romana was a period of relative peace, stability, and wealth for the city of Rome, maintained by beneficial trade relations with different parts of the empire policed by the Roman military.

Although Rome's military changed over thousands of years, the sarissa was a Greek weapon never used by Roman soldiers.'

Rome was sacked by Gothic tribes many times, but not during the Pax Romana.

Rome's leadership was still pagan during the Pax Romana.

Rome was never a Greek tributary.

Example Question #3 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

In ancient Hellenic regional politics, an international institution, a sort of proto-United Nations, was originally centered __________________.

Possible Answers:

in the city of Sparta

on the island of Crete; a center of ancient Minoan civilization for over a thousand years before the rest of Greece

on the island of Delos

in the Greek colony of Sinope, because it was in between the Hellenic and Persian civilizations

in the city of Athens

Correct answer:

on the island of Delos

Explanation:

The island of Delos was both relatively geographically central to the entire Hellenic world, and uninhabited at the time, so it was viewed as neutral territory by, and therefore a good location for, an association of Greek city states.

Athens eventually commandeered the Delian league, using its navy for its own purposes, something that oftentimes aggrieved the smaller city states, but the original site was not in Athens.

Sparta was never the site of the Delian League, although Sparta's role was of great importance.

Sinope was never the site of the Delian League, although Sinope's legacy as a Greek colony conquered by the Persian empire was a prime example of why many Greeks thought a Delian League necessary.

Crete was not the site of the Delian League as it was inhabited, and therefore considered not neutral.

Example Question #4 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

The Delian League was _______________.

Possible Answers:

an alliance of Italian city-states under the control of Sparta

an alliance of Greek city-states under the control of Rome

an alliance of city-states led by Sparta

an alliance of city-states led by Athens

an alliance of tributary states led by Persia

Correct answer:

an alliance of city-states led by Athens

Explanation:

The Delian League was formed in 477 BCE It was an alliance of Greek city-states under the control of Athens that was formed to deter and protect against a Persian invasion of Greece. Over time Athens took more and more control over the league, leading to the formation of the Peloponnesian League by Sparta. Eventually these two alliances would be pitted against each other in the Peloponnesian War.

Example Question #5 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

What is the historical connection between Rome and Greece?

Possible Answers:

The city-state Rome conquered and enslaved Greece, but adopted and embraced its culture and philosophy

Greece was the city at the heart of the Roman empire: We refer to "Greece" as the time before Rome expanded

After the fall of the Grecian Empire to the Persians, Rome was what was left that rebuilt

Rome was the city at the heart of the Grecian empire: We refer to "Greece" as the wider rule of the Romans

Correct answer:

The city-state Rome conquered and enslaved Greece, but adopted and embraced its culture and philosophy

Explanation:

The Roman Empire started with the city of Rome. Greece was a nation containing multiple city states such as Sparta and Athens, which had risen and fallen before the expanding Romans conquered what remained of Greece and integrated its culture, history, and beliefs.

Example Question #4 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

For what purpose was the Delian League founded?

Possible Answers:

To facilitate trade and oceangoing commerce in the Adriatic Sea

To provide for the mutual protection of Greek city-states who were threatened by the rise of Rome

To provide for the mutual protection of Greek city-states against the threat of the Persian Empire

To provide for the mutual protection of Greek city-states who were threatened by the rise of Sparta

To facilitate trade and oceangoing commerce in the Aegean Sea

Correct answer:

To provide for the mutual protection of Greek city-states against the threat of the Persian Empire

Explanation:

The Delian League was founded by Athens and more than a hundred other Greek city-states in 477 BCE. Its original purpose was to provide for the mutual protection of Greek city-states against the threat of the Persian Empire. Over the years the Delian League morphed into an extension of Athenian power and hegemony, and a rival Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta, emerged to challenge the authority of Athens.

Example Question #1 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 600 Ce To 1450

Which of the following was NOT a pre-Columbian society?

Possible Answers:

Aztec

Maya

Incan

Zulu

Olmec

Correct answer:

Zulu

Explanation:

The Zulu kingdom was a 19th-century state based in South Africa that fought a series of wars with expansionist Boer and British forces primarily during the 1860s. The label of pre-Columbia society is reserved for societies that existed in the Americas before colonial expansion and contact. The Zulu kingdom, while a society that existed prior to colonial European expansion, is excluded from this definition due to simple geography.

Example Question #1556 : Ap World History

Tamil kingdoms arose __________.

Possible Answers:

in southeast Asia

in northern India

in southern India

in western China

in eastern China

Correct answer:

in southern India

Explanation:

Tamil kingdoms arose in southern India at various times throughout the history of the subcontinent. They were particularly influential after the fall of the Gupta in the sixth century. They were an important part of the Indian Ocean trading network.

Example Question #1 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 600 Ce To 1450

A person who has been excommunicated in Medieval Europe has been __________.

Possible Answers:

branded a heretic and sentenced to death

granted lands and titles for loyalty to the Catholic church

none of these answers are accurate

recruited for the Crusades and blessed with the opportunity to die for Christendom

excluded from participating in Catholicism

Correct answer:

excluded from participating in Catholicism

Explanation:

Excommunication was a potent political tool wielded by the Papacy during the medieval period. Through excommunication, the Papacy could exclude an individual, or a whole country, from the practice of Catholicism and the promise of eternal salvation. It was used throughout the Middle Ages and the Renaissance period to reinforce the authority of the Papacy and to manipulate the decisions of secular rulers.

Example Question #6 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations

Which of these was not an independent city-state in Italy during the Medieval period?

Possible Answers:

These were all independent city-states.

Venice

Naples

Milan

Florence

Correct answer:

These were all independent city-states.

Explanation:

During the Medieval period, Italy was a highly decentralized and urbanized part of Europe. People in that time period would not have recognized the concept of “Italy” and would instead have viewed themselves as members of independent city-states. The most influential during this period were Florence and Venice in the northeast, Milan in the northwest, and Naples in the south.

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