### All SSAT Middle Level Verbal Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #1 : Measurement

Complete this analogy

Single is to one as triple is to __________.

**Possible Answers:**

Alone

Five

Four

Three

Triplets

**Correct answer:**

Three

Single means *solitary, alone,* or *just the one*. So, to solve this analogy, you have to determine which answer choice matches up in a similar manner with the word "triple." "Triple" means *to increase three-fold *or* of or regarding three of something*, so the correct answer is “three."

### Example Question #2 : Measurement

Complete this analogy

Century is to hundred as millennium is to __________.

**Possible Answers:**

billion

ten

hundred

million

thousand

**Correct answer:**

thousand

A century is one hundred years, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine how many years are in a millennium. Prefixes can help you solve this analogy, as "cent-" means *one* *hundred *and "mili-" means *one thousand*. There are one thousand years in a millenium, so the correct answer is one “thousand.”

### Example Question #3 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Weigh is to weight as count is to __________.

**Possible Answers:**

demolition

emotion

quantity

veracity

quality

**Correct answer:**

quantity

“Weigh” is a verb that means *determine the weight of something*, while “weight” is a noun that means *heaviness*. One weighs someone or something to find out its weight, and we need to pick out an answer choice that describes what information one learns when one counts something. “Veracity,” which means *truthfulness*, “demolition,” a synonym of *destruction*, and “emotion” each have nothing to do with counting things, so none of those words can be the correct answer. While both “quantity” and “quality” might look like a potentially correct answer, “quality” means* how excellent something is in comparison to other things*, while “quantity” means *the number of things in a group*. So, because one counts something to determine its quantity just as one weighs something to determine its weight, “quantity” is the correct answer.

### Example Question #4 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Time is to sundial as wind direction is to __________.

**Possible Answers:**

north

compass

ship

magnetic field

weathervane

**Correct answer:**

weathervane

Since a sundial measures time, we need to pick out an answer that represents a device that measures wind direction. While "compass" and "weathervane" may both look like correct answers because they both measure direction, only a weathervane specifically measures the direction in which the wind is blowing, so "weathervane" is the correct answer.

### Example Question #5 : Measurement

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Circle is to sphere as square is to __________.

**Possible Answers:**

rectangle

hue

triangle

cube

round

**Correct answer:**

cube

If you make a circle three-dimensional, you get a sphere, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine what name is given to the shape that you get when you make a square three-dimensional. The correct answer is “cube.” For clarification, "round" describes something *curved* or *spherical*, and "hue" is another word for *shade* or *color*.

### Example Question #6 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Ice cream is to scoop as grapes are to __________.

**Possible Answers:**

press

vineyard

vine

jam

bunch

**Correct answer:**

bunch

Ice cream is often served in scoops, so we need to pick out an answer choice that describes a unit in which grapes can be served. While “vine,” “press,” and “bunch” might each look like a potentially correct answer, only “bunch” describes a unit in which grapes are served. Because grapes can be served in bunches just like ice cream can be served in scoops, “bunch” is the correct answer.

### Example Question #7 : Measurement

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Globe is to sphere as map is to __________.

**Possible Answers:**

continent

rectangle

lost

atlas

cartographer

**Correct answer:**

rectangle

A "globe" is in the shape of a "sphere," so to solve this analogy, you need to pick out the answer choice that describes what shape a "map" usually takes. Maps are usually flat and rectangular, so "rectangle" is the correct answer. Even if you were not sure what shape a map comes in, “rectangle” is the only answer choice that is a shape.

### Example Question #8 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Fathometer is to __________ as thermometer is to temperature.

**Possible Answers:**

acidity

length

validity

width

depth

**Correct answer:**

depth

A "thermometer" is *a device used to measure temperature*. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what a "fathometer" measures. The correct answer is that a "fathometer" is used to *measure depth, especially the depth of water*. A "fathom" is *a unit of measurement for measuring the depth of water*. Additionally, "validity" means *how much truth there is in something*; "acidity" means *how acidic something is*.

### Example Question #9 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Decibel is to __________ as Fahrenheit is to temperature.

**Possible Answers:**

width

loudness

length

depth

energy

**Correct answer:**

loudness

"Fahrenheit" is *a unit of measurement used to measure temperature*. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is measured using "decibels." The correct answer is that "decibels" are *used to measure how loud something is*. Making the correct answer "loudness."

### Example Question #10 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Fahrenheit is to temperature as __________ is to weight.

**Possible Answers:**

ounce

Celsius

meter

liter

mile

**Correct answer:**

ounce

"Fahrenheit" is *a unit of measurement used to measure "temperature."* So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is *a unit of measurement used to measure "weight." *The correct answer is "ounce." Additionally, "meter" and "mile" are *units of measurement used to measure length*; "liter" is *a unit of measurement used to measure liquid volume*; "Celsius" is *another unit of measurement used to measure "temperature," like "Fahrenheit."*