SAT II US History : SAT Subject Test in United States History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Named after the luggage many of them tended to carry, these Northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War were viewed suspiciously as manipulative and opportunistic by the Southerners.

Possible Answers:

Suitcasers

Yankeebaggers

Yankee rucksackers

Trunkers

Carpetbaggers

Correct answer:

Carpetbaggers

Explanation:

Named for their bags made from old carpets, these Northerners who moved South during the Reconstruction Era for generally financial purposes were derisively known as carpetbaggers.

Example Question #12 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

What waterway across New York State, finished in 1825, connected the East Coast and the Midwest?

Possible Answers:

The Erie Canal

The Bridgewater Canal

The Patowmack Canal

The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal

The Hudson River

Correct answer:

The Erie Canal

Explanation:

Finished in 1825, the Erie Canal runs across New York State, connecting the Atlantic Ocean with the Great Lakes.

Example Question #13 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Who is referred to as “The Father of the Factory System”?

Possible Answers:

John D. Rockefeller

Samuel Slater

Eli Whitney

John Walker

Thomas Edison 

Correct answer:

Samuel Slater

Explanation:

Samuel Slater was a British-born industrialist who came to America towards the end of the eighteenth century. He is generally credited with having brought the Industrial Revolution to the United States, in the form of textile factories. 

Example Question #14 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Who invented the steel plow?

Possible Answers:

Samuel Colt

Alfred Noble

John Deere

Thomas Edison

George Pullman

Correct answer:

John Deere

Explanation:

The steel plow was invented by John Deere in 1837. Deere moved to Illinois and worked as a blacksmith for many years; as the story goes, he was attempting to use a cast-iron plow and found that it was unsuited to the rough soil of Illinois, so he fashioned a steel plow. The importance of the steel plow to the growth of American agriculture, industry, and society would be difficult to overstate. It is generally referred to as the invention that opened up the West. It allowed farmers to work land previously thought untenable and greatly increased individual profits.

Example Question #15 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

On May 10th, 1869 in Promontory, Utah, the Union Pacific Railroad Company and Central Pacific Railroad Company met, thereby completing what famous engineering achievement?

Possible Answers:

The Central-Union Railroad

The Promontory Line

The Transcontinental Railroad

The American Railroad

The Northwestern Passage

Correct answer:

The Transcontinental Railroad

Explanation:

The Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 chartered the Union Pacific Railroad Company and the Central Pacific Railroad Company to construct a railroad linking the west with the established eastern railroads.

Example Question #7 : Facts And Details In U.S. Economic History From 1790 To 1898

The Erie Canal connected __________.

Possible Answers:

New Orleans with plantations in Georgia and the Carolinas

New England's industrial centers with the Mississippi River Valley

New York City with Albany

New York City with Boston

the Hudson River in Albany and the Great Lakes at Lake Erie

Correct answer:

the Hudson River in Albany and the Great Lakes at Lake Erie

Explanation:

Shortly after the creation of the new country, New York was expanding but faced a geographical problem. Although blessed with a safe, natural harbor, getting supplies to ships at that harbor was difficult, as the Hudson River connected to no other major watersheds. New York Governor DeWitt Clinton helped remedy this by building a canal from the Hudson River to the Great Lakes, cutting across the length of the state. The canal allowed crops and resources from the Midwest to reach the Eastern seaboard through New York Harbor, and New York City quickly became the nation's largest metropolis.

Example Question #16 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Who invented the cotton gin?

Possible Answers:

John Deeres

Eli Whitney 

Robert Fulton

Samuel Morse

Elias Howe

Correct answer:

Eli Whitney 

Explanation:

The cotton gin was invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney. The invention of the cotton gin was important for a number of economic and social reasons. Firstly, it enabled for mechanized removal of seeds from cotton, a process that had previously been extremely labor intensive. This change allowed for rapid growth of cotton plantations throughout the South and the growth of the Southern agricultural system. Secondly, as a result of being extremely profitable, it provided a massive boost to the slave trade. Previous cash crops had been slowly growing less profitable due to the intensity of work required to harvest; however, the cotton gin instantly transformed the production of cotton into a profitable venture. Many historians contend that, without the invention of the cotton gin, the social and economic growth of the South would have been radically different. 

Example Question #17 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Which of the following statements best summarizes the concept of vertical integration?

Possible Answers:

A corporation acquiring companies which are direct competitors to dominate market share

A corporation creating products which are designed to become obsolete after a number of years

A corporation acquiring companies at every stage of the production process to streamline costs

A corporation creating a streamlined process in manufacturing to reduce costs

None of these answers are correct.

Correct answer:

A corporation acquiring companies at every stage of the production process to streamline costs

Explanation:

Vertical integration describes the process by which a company seeks to acquire every element of the production chain to keep costs down. The practice was innovated by Carnegie Steel in the 1880s, which not only owned steel mills, but iron ore mines, distribution systems, and sales operations. Vertical integration became a key to the rise of many monopolies during the Gilded Age and remains a favored corporate tactic today.

Example Question #18 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

During the Civil War, what was the South's main source of income? 

Possible Answers:

Slaves

Whiskey

Molasses

Rum

Cotton

Correct answer:

Cotton

Explanation:

Cotton was the main source of income for the South during the Civil War. A major reason for Southern resistance to the abolition of slavery (aside from racism) was economic. Unpaid labor supported the Southern States most profitable economic activity.

Example Question #19 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

In 1890, the Western frontier was considered to no longer exist as a direct result of which of the following?

Possible Answers:

The surrender of the last Apache tribes led by Geronimo

The Dawes Severalty Act

The Wounded Knee Massacre

The Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889

The US Census of 1890

Correct answer:

The US Census of 1890

Explanation:

The 1890 Census declared that frontier was fully settled and no longer existed as it found that there was no longer any clear line of advancing settlement. The Dawes Act, the 1889 Oklahoma land rush, and the surrender of Geronimo were events of the 1880s that each concerned specific areas of the frontier and did not by themselves lead directly to the 1890 declaration that the frontier was fully settled. The Wounded Knee Massacre occurred in December 1890, concerned a small specific area of the frontier, and did not have a major impact on settlement.

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