SAT II US History : SAT Subject Test in United States History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #71 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

What was the purpose of the Agricultural Adjustment Act?

Possible Answers:

Purportedly, to battle the rampant deflation that drove down agriculture prices

All of these answers are correct.

To battle the hunger issue that the Dust Bowl created

To encourage farmers to “plow under” their own crops

Correct answer:

Purportedly, to battle the rampant deflation that drove down agriculture prices

Explanation:

This is a relatively simple question, although it had the potential to be difficult. At any rate, the purported purpose of the AAA was to artificially raise the rates of agricultural products. Essentially, and for a variety of reasons beyond the scope of this test, the economy happened to converge in such a fashion that there was a glut of agricultural products on the market at a time when demand was lower than usual. This caused the prices of agricultural products to plunge. In an effort to combat this problem, FDR pushed the AAA through Congress. The AAA basically attempted to dry up the supply (and thus raise the prices) by paying farmers to keep crops off of the market.

Example Question #72 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

The Smoot-Hawley Tariff did which of the following?

Possible Answers:

It increased agricultural and industrial tariffs to the highest level in nearly one hundred years.

It decreased agricultural tariffs to help the farmers during the Great Depression.

None of the other answers is correct.

It decreased industrial tariffs to help manufacturers during the Great Depression.

Correct answer:

It increased agricultural and industrial tariffs to the highest level in nearly one hundred years.

Explanation:

The Smoot-Hawley Tariff increased agricultural and industrial tariffs to the highest level in nearly one hundred years. It was a well-intentioned bill, by all means (although the end result was catastrophic).

Remember: a tariff is a protectionist measure that artificially increases the prices of imported goods (so that they are either on equal footing or more expensive than their home-grown counterparts). The Smoot-Hawley Tariff was, in large part, an attempt to shore up a floundering American agricultural and industrial sector.

Example Question #71 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Many if not most Americans blamed __________ as the unwitting architect of the Great Depression.

Possible Answers:

JFK

Herbert Hoover

FDR

Teddy Roosevelt

Correct answer:

Herbert Hoover

Explanation:

Unfortunately for Hoover, almost all of America blamed him for the Great Depression, mainly due to the fact that the Depression occurred about eight months into his first term. The Great Depression was the result of a variety of factors, none of which are truly attributable to Herbert Hoover; however, Hoover often takes the fall because he steadfastly refused to take drastic steps to address the Great Depression.

Example Question #73 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

"Supply-side economics" are most closely associated with the policies advocated by President ___________________.

Possible Answers:

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

John F. Kennedy

Jimmy Carter

Richard Nixon

Ronald Reagan

Correct answer:

Ronald Reagan

Explanation:

During the Great Depression and World War II, the Roosevelt administration spent large on government programs and grants, producing a large post-war economic boom that also produced a long time consensus in economic matters. This consensus began to shift during the large amounts of unemployment and inflation, a condition known as stagflation, in the 1970s. During his 1980 Presidential campaign and during his administration, Ronald Reagan successfully lobbied for Supply Side economics, which favored lowering taxes and deregulating businesses.

Example Question #71 : U.S. Economic History

The Federal Reserve Act __________.

Possible Answers:

called for the creation, within twenty years, of a new government institution to end racial inequality and injustice in the South

mandated that the Federal government had the power to regulate Trusts and monopolies to protect the American people from economic exploitation

was intended by Woodrow Wilson to bust banking monopolies by creating a Federal institution to supervise banking practices and control currency and credit

greatly enlarged the reserve forces of the United States army so that the nation could call upon a greater number of trained soldiers in future large scale conflicts

accomplished very little because it was blocked by a Presidential veto

Correct answer:

was intended by Woodrow Wilson to bust banking monopolies by creating a Federal institution to supervise banking practices and control currency and credit

Explanation:

The Federal Reserve Act was designed (at least according to most politicians of the time and the majority of modern historians) to bust the banking monopolies of JP Morgan and others. It directed that the banking system should be placed under public control. Banks remained private, but were now to be both supervised and supported by the newly created Federal Reserve Board. This allowed the government to better control currency practices and credit. 

Example Question #1 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Economic History From 1899 To The Present

"I stand for the square deal. But when I say that I am for the square deal, I mean not merely that I stand for fair play under the present rules of the game, but that I stand for having those rules changed so as to work for a more substantial equality of opportunity and of reward for equally good service... When I say I want a square deal for the poor man, I do not mean that I want a square deal for the man who remains poor because he has not got the energy to work for himself."

The above quote most probably represents the political opinions of which President?

Possible Answers:
Lyndon B. Johnson
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
George Washington
Abraham Lincoln
Correct answer: Theodore Roosevelt
Explanation:

The Square Deal was Theodore Roosevelt's domestic policy. It centered on two main principles: The protection of the working and middle classes from corporate excess; The conservation of natural resources for the enjoyment of current and future generations. Roosevelt abhorred the manner in which the common American man was being used for the gain of a tiny minority of Capitalists. Although, the ideas are similar in nature to much of FDRs New Deal policies - the term "Square Deal" should be a dead giveaway that it is referring to Theodore. Although, had Theodore lived to see his kin institue the New Deal, there is no doubt he would have approved.  

Example Question #1 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Economic History From 1899 To The Present

“The business of America is business”

The above quote was most likely spoken by which President?

Possible Answers:

John F. Kennedy

Abraham Lincoln

Jimmy Carter

Calvin Coolidge 

Woodrow Wilson 

Correct answer:

Calvin Coolidge 

Explanation:

Calvin Coolidge believed that America was best served by prioritizing the interests of big business. He ran a Republican government that advocated a hands-off approach towards economic interference. 

Example Question #3 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Economic History From 1899 To The Present

“As a matter of personal conviction, and without pretending to discuss the details or formulate the system, I feel that we shall ultimately have to consider the adoption of some such scheme as that of a progressive tax on all fortunes, beyond a certain amount, either given in life or devised or bequeathed upon death to any individual—a tax so framed as to put it out of the power of the owner of one of these enormous fortunes to hand on more than a certain amount to any one individual; the tax of course, to be imposed by the national and not the state government. Such taxation should, of course, be aimed merely at the inheritance or transmission in their entirety of those fortunes swollen beyond all healthy limits.”

The previous quote can most likely be attributed to                   .

Possible Answers:

Franklin D. Roosevelt

William Jennings Bryan 

Alexander Hamilton

Theodore Roosevelt

Henry Clay

Correct answer:

Theodore Roosevelt

Explanation:

The quote is an excerpt from a speech given by Theodore Roosevelt in 1906. The speech is commonly known as “The Man with the Muck-Rake.” Roosevelt was a Progressive politician who argued for the usage of a graduated income tax and the implementation of an inheritance tax to limit the proportion of money that could be handed down from one generation to another.

Example Question #2 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Economic History From 1899 To The Present

"Reaganomics" generally refers to economic policies that favor __________.

Possible Answers:

stronger regulations on businesses and industry

the breaking up of monopoly power

nationalization of large industries

lower taxes and business investment

higher taxes and wealth redistribution

Correct answer:

lower taxes and business investment

Explanation:

Ronald Reagan's 1980 Presidential campaign saw a new fusion of various conservative political identities under the Republican banner. In economics, Reagan used his typically limited government view to advocate for lower taxes and less regulation of businesses. Within his first two years in office, he achieved signing a bill that required massive income and business tax cuts.

Example Question #3 : Representative Viewpoints In U.S. Economic History From 1899 To The Present

Theodore Roosevelt's domestic program centered on consumer protection, conservation, and corporate regulation was known as __________.

Possible Answers:

the Silent Majority

the Square Deal

the Great Society

the Sixteen Points

the New Deal

Correct answer:

the Square Deal

Explanation:

The presidency of Theodore Roosevelt was notable for being much more progressive than that of his predecessor, William McKinley, whose assasination promoted Roosevelt to the Presidency. Roosevelt promised a "Square Deal" for Americans. Notably, this involved "trust busting," or breaking up monopolies, a large effort to conserve natural resources, and various labor laws.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors