SAT II US History : SAT Subject Test in United States History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #901 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Maryland Colony was first founded as a haven for which of the following groups?

Possible Answers:

Huguenots

Puritans

Catholics

Quakers

Loyalists

Correct answer:

Catholics

Explanation:

Maryland Colony was founded in the 1630s by the Calverts, a prominent family of English Catholics, as a haven for persecuted Catholics from Britain. Massachusetts was the colony founded by and for the Puritans, while Pennsylvania was the colony founded by and for the Quakers (also other religious groups were welcome there). Huguenots started to migrate to North America in large numbers decades after Maryland was founded, and they settled in several colonies. Loyalists only became a distinct, persecuted group once the colonies revolted and gained independence in the late 18th century, and creating a haven for them had nothing to do with the founding of Maryland roughly 150 years earlier.

Example Question #902 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Which of these reasons best describes why roughly one-third of the colonists wished to remain loyal to the British during the Revolutionary War?

Possible Answers:
Fear of Native American attacks in the absence of British protection
Fear that the end of British rule would mean an end to the institution of slavery
Belief that the Republican principles were a ruse and that an independent America would mean autocracy
Lack of belief that the Americans could be victorious
The belief among much of the wealthy that the decline of British rule would mean chaos and loss of property
Correct answer: The belief among much of the wealthy that the decline of British rule would mean chaos and loss of property
Explanation:

In the early stages of Revolutionary War, roughly one-third of the country openly supported full rebellion (Patriots), one-thid remained loyal to the Crown (Loyalists), and the final one-third erred on the side of caution. As the war raged on and American success grew more and more likely these numbers shifted dramatically in favor of the Patriot cause. The Loyalists at the beginning of the war were predominantly wealthy, land-owning families and city merchants. They feared that the end of British rule would see the "rebels" free to take their property and disrupt their business. At the end of the war, many of the remaining Loyalists fled North to Canada, or else back to England. 

Example Question #903 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Shays’ Rebellion took place primarily in which state?

Possible Answers:

Georgia

Ohio

Virginia 

Massachusetts

New Jersey

Correct answer:

Massachusetts

Explanation:

Shays’ rebellion took place primarily in the state of Massachusetts in 1786 and 1787. It was brought about largely due to economic difficulties and widespread poverty in post-revolution Massachusetts. The rebellion took place during the last years of the Articles of Confederation and helped demonstrate the limitations of the Articles to those at the Constitutional Convention. 

Example Question #904 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

What was the main difference between the colonists of Plymouth (1620) and those of Massachusetts Bay (1630)?

Possible Answers:

The Plymouth colonists sought religious freedom, while the Massachusetts Bay colonists sought new economic opportunities.

The Plymouth colonists sought new economic opportunities in America, while the Massachusetts Bay colonists sought religious freedom.

The Plymouth colonists were separatists who wished to separate from the Church of England, while the Massachusetts Bay colonists were Puritans who wished to purify the Church of England from within.

The Plymouth Colonists owned slaves, while the Massachusetts Bay colonists were against slavery.

The Plymouth colonists were from Spain, while the Massachusetts Bay colonists were from England.

Correct answer:

The Plymouth colonists were separatists who wished to separate from the Church of England, while the Massachusetts Bay colonists were Puritans who wished to purify the Church of England from within.

Explanation:

Both sets of colonists were English religious dissenters who wanted to find a place to worship according to their beliefs.  Largely from similar backgrounds, the only real difference between the two groups was their approach to the Church of England.  As separatists, the Plymouth colonists wanted to separate themselves from the Church of England entirely.  The Massachusetts Bay colonists instead wanted to reform the Church of England.

Example Question #905 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Daniel Boone explored the territory of __________.

Possible Answers:

Oregon

New Mexico

Louisiana 

Kentucky

Texas

Correct answer:

Kentucky

Explanation:

Daniel Boone was the prominent American frontiersman who famously established the first trail into Kentucky. He also founded the first community in Kentucky. Boone became an important figure in popular culture, even within his own lifetime, and soon the legend of Boone eclipsed the reality. Now the history of his life is largely unremembered, but he remains an important figure in American popular culture. 

Example Question #906 : Sat Subject Test In United States History

Why was Anne Hutchinson banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

Possible Answers:

She argued that the fate of individual was predetermined by God. 

She was not banished; Anne Hutchinson left Massachusetts Bay willingly to form a new community.

She argued for the complete separation of Church and State.

She was accused and convicted of witchcraft.

She believed mankind could communicate with God without the assistance of the clergy.

Correct answer:

She believed mankind could communicate with God without the assistance of the clergy.

Explanation:

Anne Hutchinson was an important member of the Antinomian Controversy that swept through the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the 1630s. She was heavily associated with the popular preacher and orator John Cotton, and together they espoused a different interpretation of mankind’s communion with God. Hutchison argued that individuals could commune with God through the Bible and prayer, without the assistance of the clergy. She called this a “covenant of grace”, as opposed to the practices of the clergy, which she called a “covenant of works”. Due to her popularity, she threatened the religious experiment of the Pilgrims and was tried and exiled. She is credited by many historians with helping advance the cause of religious freedom in early colonial America.

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