# Precalculus : Relations and Functions

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #3 : Determine If A Relation Is A Function

Consider a family consisting of a two parents, Juan and Oksana, and their daughters Adriana and Laksmi. A relation  is true whenever  is the child of . Which of the following is not true?

If the two parents had only one daughter, the relation would be a function.

Even if the two parents had only one daughter, the relation would not be a function.

(Adriana,Laksmi) does not hold because Laksmi is not Adriana's child and is a boy.

The relation is not a function because (Laksmi,Juan) and (Laksmi,Oksana) both hold.

(Laksmi,Adriana) does not hold because Adriana is not Laksmi's child.

Even if the two parents had only one daughter, the relation would not be a function.

Explanation:

The statement

"Even if the two parents had only one daughter, the relation would not be a function."

is not true because if they had only one daughter, say Adriana, then the only relations that would exist would be (Juan, Adriana) and (Oksana,Adriana), which defines a function.

### Example Question #4 : Determine If A Relation Is A Function

Which of the following relations is not a function?

Explanation:

The definition of a function requires that for each input (i.e. each value of ), there is only one output (i.e. one value of ). For , each value of  corresponds to two values of  (for example, when , both  and  are correct solutions). Therefore, this relation cannot be a function.

### Example Question #5 : Determine If A Relation Is A Function

Given the set of ordered pairs, determine if the relation is a function

Cannot be determined

No

Yes

No

Explanation:

A relation is a function if no single x-value corresponds to more than one y-value.

Because the mapping from  goes to  and

the relation is NOT a function.

### Example Question #6 : Determine If A Relation Is A Function

What equation is perpendicular to  and passes throgh ?

Explanation:

First find the reciprocal of the slope of the given function.

The perpendicular function is:

Now we must find the constant, , by using the given point that the perpendicular crosses.

solve for :

### Example Question #7 : Determine If A Relation Is A Function

Is the following relation of ordered pairs a function?

Yes

No

Cannot be determined