ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #50 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

EVIDENCE

Possible Answers:

Athlete

Proof

Politician

Business

Expert

Correct answer:

Proof

Explanation:

"Evidence" is proof or something that can prove or verify a statement, so "proof" is the correct answer. A "business" is a company or corporation that engages in some activity for profit. An "expert" is a person who is very good or knowledgable about a topic or activity. A "politician" is an elected official who works in the government. An "athlete" is a person who is very skilled at playing sports.

Example Question #51 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

GARMENT

Possible Answers:

Attire

Suit

Position

Storage

Uniform

Correct answer:

Attire

Explanation:

Maybe you have heard your siblings or parents talking about "garment bags." These are bags that are used for carrying clothes. (For instance, a uniform might be carried in a garment bag when going to a football game.) The word "garment" is not about any particular kind of clothing that might be put into such a bag. Instead, the word "garment" simply means clothing item. Thus, the best option provided here is "attire." Perhaps you have heard someone say something like, "He changed his attire so he could look nicer for the dance." "Attire" is a synonym for "clothes." (It does sometimes mean "nice clothes", but it is also fine for simple "clothes" as well!)

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Each synonyms question is made up of a word in capital letters followed by five choices. Choose the one word that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SQUALOR:

Possible Answers:

variability

lethargy

cleanliness

misery

impairment

Correct answer:

misery

Explanation:

If someone is living in squalor, they are living in misery and unpleasantness; this is often due to a lack of financial resources.

Example Question #301 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

A synonym of "alias" is __________.

Possible Answers:

nominal

fake name

almost

real name

middle name

Correct answer:

fake name

Explanation:

"Alias," when used as a noun, means "a false or assumed identity." The word can also be used as an adverb "used to indicate that a named person is also known or more familiar under another specified name." (The adverb functions in the same way as the phrase "also know as," but is specifically used to discuss real and assumed names.) So, we need to pick out an answer choice that has to do with names, specifically, with fake or assumed names. Since "fake name" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "alias," it is the correct answer.

Example Question #291 : Synonyms

Each synonyms question is made up of a word in capital letters followed by five choices. Choose the one word that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

MAGNITUDE:

Possible Answers:

worth

personality

unimportance

essence

size

Correct answer:

size

Explanation:

The magnitude of an object or person refers to their size and often suggests vastness.

Example Question #131 : Identifying Synonyms

A synonym of "perseverance" is __________.

Possible Answers:

nobility

fear

persistence

bravery

ignorance

Correct answer:

persistence

Explanation:

"Perseverance" is a noun that means "steadfastness in doing something despite difficulty or delay in achieving success." While "bravery" might look like a potentially correct answer, because someone who is brave might also demonstrate perseverance, "bravery" does not mean "perseverance," so it cannot be the correct answer. "Persistence," however, is a noun that means either "firm or obstinate continuance in a course of action in spite of difficulty or opposition" or "the continued or prolonged existence of something." Because "persistence" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "perseverance," it is the correct answer.

Example Question #132 : Identifying Synonyms

Each synonyms question is made up of a word in capital letters followed by five choices. Choose the one word that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PANDEMONIUM:

Possible Answers:

intensity

appreciation

chaos

vivacity

mirth

Correct answer:

chaos

Explanation:

If there is pandemonium, it means there is a high level of commotion or chaos.

Example Question #133 : Identifying Synonyms

A synonym of "allegiance" is __________.

Possible Answers:

dismissal

rebellion

purpose

loyalty

demonstration

Correct answer:

loyalty

Explanation:

"Allegiance" is a noun that means "loyalty or commitment of a subordinate to a superior or of an individual to a group or cause." That means that "rebellion" can't be the correct answer, because "rebellion" means "an act of violent or open resistance to an established government or ruler" or "the action or process of resisting authority, control, or convention," so "rebellion" is an antonym of "allegiance." "Loyalty," however, is a noun that means "the quality of being loyal to someone or something," so "loyalty" is the correct answer because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "allegiance."

Example Question #134 : Identifying Synonyms

A synonym of "agony" is __________.

Possible Answers:

excitement

persecution

fury

comfort

torment

Correct answer:

torment

Explanation:

"Agony" is a noun that means "extreme mental or physical pain." So, we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "extreme pain." That means that "comfort" can't be the correct answer, because "comfort" means "a state of physical ease and freedom from pain or constraint" or "consolation for grief or anxiety." So, "comfort" is an antonym of "agony." "Torment," however, is a word that when used as a noun means "severe physical or mental suffering" or "a cause of such suffering," so "torment" is the correct answer because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "torment."

Example Question #135 : Identifying Synonyms

A synonym of "clarity" is __________.

Possible Answers:

simplicity

complexity

obscurity

transparency

lightness

Correct answer:

transparency

Explanation:

"Clarity" is a noun that can mean "the quality of being clear, in particular," "the quality of coherence and intelligibility," " the quality of being easy to see or hear; sharpness of image or sound," "the quality of being certain or definite," or "the quality of transparency or purity." So, we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "clearness." That means that "obscurity" can't be the correct answer, because "obscurity" can mean "the quality of being difficult to understand," so "obscurity" is an antonym of "clarity." "Transparency," however, is an adjective that means "the quality of being able to see through something" or "the quality of being readily understood," so "transparency" is the correct answer because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "clarity."

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