ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Identifying Synonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Identifying Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

PERIODICALLY

Possible Answers:

Occasionally

Rarely

Always

Frequently

Correct answer:

Occasionally

Explanation:

When something occurs "periodically," it occurs regularly in a given period of time. For instance, the periodic swinging of a pendulum is the time that it takes for it to swing back and forth. Likewise, the occurrence of a full moon occurs periodically—according to a fixed period of the moon's orbiting around the earth. By itself, the word "periodically" does not indicate whether or not something occurs frequently, quickly, or rarely. It merely indicates that something happens at regular intervals.

The word "occasionally" is an adverb that could be rewritten, on occasion or on a given occasion. The implication is that it describes something that happens sometimes but not always. It does not necessarily state that it occurs rarely. Likewise, it is not proper to use "occasionally" to indicate that you do something frequently. You wouldn't say, "I occasionally eat asparagus," but actually mean that you eat it every day of the year. To indicate that you eat it every day of the year, you would say, "I always eat asparagus." To say "occasionally" is to indicate that the activity being described is sporadic—now and then, on occasion.

Example Question #15 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Synonyms: choose the answer with the meaning closest to the word in question.

Annually

Possible Answers:

Hourly

Yearly

Monthly

Weekly

Daily

Correct answer:

Yearly

Explanation:

Annually means every year or yearly.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SELDOM

Possible Answers:

Rarely

Spontaneously

Immediately

Potentially

Often

Correct answer:

Rarely

Explanation:

"Seldom" is an adverb that means not happening often. The best choice is "rarely" because it means infrequently and is a synonym of "seldom." Something that seldom happens rarely happens.

Example Question #11 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Choose the word or set of words that best completes the following sentence.

Michelle has been unable to commit herself to a regular exercise regime, and instead exercises very __________.

Possible Answers:

quickly

sporadically

unsurely

intently

fairly

Correct answer:

sporadically

Explanation:

Given that Michelle has not been able to commit to a regular exercise regime, the best answer is a word that describes irregularity. "Sporadically" means to do something at inconsistent intervals. Therefore, "sporadically" is the word that best fits the sentence. 

Example Question #1 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

NATURALLY

Possible Answers:

Slyly

Temporarily

Genuinely

Quickly

Angrily

Correct answer:

Genuinely

Explanation:

The word "natural" comes from roots related to birth. Something that is "natural" is inborn. Thus, if someone has a naturally happy attitude, that person is happy in an unreflective way. He or she just "is happy"—as though he or she was born that way. The word has taken on the meaning "genuinely" because such a natural disposition is not something that is faked.

Example Question #6 : Identifying Synonyms

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

INSTANTANEOUSLY

Possible Answers:

Helpfully

Figuratively

Immediately

Devotedly

Regularly

Correct answer:

Immediately

Explanation:

An "instant" is a very short period of time. Whenever something happens in a very short time, it happens "instantaneously." This means that it happens almost immediately.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Select the word that has most nearly the same meaning as the word in capital letters.

CORDIAL

Possible Answers:

interesting

jubilant

comical

persuasive

friendly

Correct answer:

friendly

Explanation:

"Cordial" is defined as warm and sincere. "Cordially" is commonly used at the end of letters, in place of "sincerely." "Friendly" is the closest match because warmth and sincerity are associated with friendliness.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Synonyms

A synonym of "headstrong" is __________.

Possible Answers:

obstinate

energetic

unfriendly

tough

bossy

Correct answer:

obstinate

Explanation:

"Headstrong" is an adjective that means "not willing to do what other people want: very stubborn." So, we need to pick out an answer choice that is also an adjective and means something like "stubborn." While "tough" might look like a potentially correct answer because "tough" is a synonym of "strong," and "headstrong" contains the word "strong," "tough" does not mean "stubborn," so it cannot be the correct answer. "Obstinate," however, means "stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or chosen course of action, despite attempts to persuade one to do so." Because "obstinate" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "headstrong," "obstinate" is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Synonyms

Each synonyms question is made up of a word in capital letters followed by five choices. Choose the one word that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SOLEMN:

Possible Answers:

cheerful

serious

minor

carefree

pleased

Correct answer:

serious

Explanation:

Something that is solemn such as a solemn event indicates that it is serious in nature.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Adjectives Describing Emotional States

Each synonyms question is made up of a word in capital letters followed by five choices. Choose the one word that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DISTRAUGHT:

Possible Answers:

upset

enraged

annoyed

horrified

irritated

Correct answer:

upset

Explanation:

If someone is distraught, it means they are highly distressed and upset.

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