ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Synonyms: Nouns

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #61 : Synonyms: Nouns

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

SANCTUARY

Possible Answers:

Companionship

Haven

Peril

Opacity

Correct answer:

Haven

Explanation:

A "sanctuary" is a place of safety or refuge, especially when surrounded by an unsafe environment. Similarly, a "haven" is a place of security, so "haven" is the correct choice. Just to be thorough, let's look at the rest of the choices. "Peril" is synonymous with danger, so it conveys the opposite of safety. As you might be able to tell by dissecting the word, "companionship" refers to the state of having a companion or friend. Finally, "opacity" is derived from the word "opaque," which describes materials that are not transparent or "see-through." Hence, opacity means impermeability to light and has nothing to do with "sanctuary."

Example Question #31 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

TERRAIN

Possible Answers:

Asteroid

World

Sea

Acre

Land

Correct answer:

Land

Explanation:

"Terrain" is land. "Land" is the best choice because it is a part of the definition of the word "terrain."

Example Question #32 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SPECIMEN

Possible Answers:

Fusion

Refractory 

Sample 

Integer 

Dogma 

Correct answer:

Sample 

Explanation:

The prefix "spec-" means to see or to look at. A “specimen” is an example to look at. In this sense, it is closest in meaning to “sample.” To provide further help, an “integer” is a number; “fusion” is a process of joining things together; “dogma” is an established belief system; “refractory” means stubborn or disobedient

Example Question #33 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

DECLARATION

Possible Answers:

Festival

Shouting

Announcement

Advertisement

Rejoicing

Correct answer:

Announcement

Explanation:

Start by looking at the word "declaration" to find any possible base words that you might know. Certainly, you know "declare," which you would use in a sentence like, "I declared my feelings to her so that she would know how much I loved her." This means that you told or announced your feelings to the girl of your heart's desire. A "declaration" is the message that is declared; the words themselves are the declaration. Generally speaking, the word "declaration" is used to describe an official announcement, such as a "Declaration of Law 4832B," or something similar. Among the options provided, only "announcement" matches this closely enough. Perhaps you will be confused by "advertisement," for an advertisement "shows" something to someone else. However, the meaning of "announcement" is closer to the general sense of "declaration."

Example Question #34 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

HAVEN

Possible Answers:

Pollution

Station

Legislation

Refuge

Vehicle

Correct answer:

Refuge

Explanation:

A "haven" is a refuge or a place of safety, so "refuge" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "haven": a "vehicle" is a thing used to transport or move things or people; "legislation" refers to laws or bills enacted by a governing body; "pollution" is the addition of a toxic or harmful thing to something; and a "station" is a stop for public transportation or a building that serves as a central location for a specific group or activity.

Example Question #35 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

CALAMITY

Possible Answers:

Service

Occurance

Ceremony

Celebration

Disaster

Correct answer:

Disaster

Explanation:

A calamity is best described as a disaster or unfortunate event.

Example Question #36 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

COMMOTION

Possible Answers:

Restoration

Conquest

Punishment

Uproar

Correct answer:

Uproar

Explanation:

"Commotion" means a state of chaotic and noisy confusion. "Uproar" is the word that most closely matches this definition. "Punishment," "conquest," and "restoration" are all unrelated terms.

Example Question #37 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PREAMBLE

Possible Answers:

Thesis

Epilogue

Introduction

Conclusion

Dissertation

Correct answer:

Introduction

Explanation:

“Preamble” means before the main story, so it is similar in meaning to “introduction.” The prefix "pre-" means before. To provide further help, the “conclusion” is the end; the “epilogue” is the part of the story that comes after the main story; a “dissertation” is an academic essay submitted at the end of university; a “thesis” is the main argument of an essay.

Example Question #38 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

PAMPHLET

Possible Answers:

Booklet

Connection

Restaurant

Quarrel

University

Correct answer:

Booklet

Explanation:

A "pamphlet" is a small booklet or packet, so "booklet" is the correct answer. "University" is a school of higher learning. "Quarrel" is a fight or a disagreement. "Connection" means bond or link. "Restaurant" is a place where people go to have food cooked for them and eat it.

Example Question #39 : Synonyms: Nouns For Nonliving Things

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ABODE

Possible Answers:

Destination

Journey

Home

Workplace

School

Correct answer:

Home

Explanation:

An “abode” is a home or where someone or something lives. If you are “in your abode,” you are “in your house.”

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