GED Social Studies : United States History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

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Example Question #101 : United States History

The provision in the Fourteenth Amendment which forbids the states from discrimination on the grounds of race in their legal practices is called __________.

Possible Answers:

The Equal Protection Clause

Federalist No. 10

The Double Jeopardy Clause

The Due Process Clause

Federalist No. 51

Correct answer:

The Equal Protection Clause

Explanation:

The Equal Protection clause states that no state within the union can deny any person the full and equal protection of its laws, particularly on the basis of race or other "arbitrary distinctions." It was passed in 1868, as part of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Example Question #1 : 9/11

What name was given to the US-led invasion of Afghanistan in 2001?

Possible Answers:

Operation Kabul

Operation New Dawn

Operation Enduring Freedom

Operation Red Dawn

Operation Terminal Justice

Correct answer:

Operation Enduring Freedom

Explanation:

The name given to the US-led coalition invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 was "Operation Enduring Freedom."

Example Question #1 : Afghanistan, Iraq, And Middle East Relations

Which of the following pairs refers to the two sects that straddle the major religious division within Islam among the population of Iraq?

Possible Answers:

Arab and Persian

Wahabbi and Hanbali

Deobandi and Salafi

Sufi and Kurdish

Sunni and Shia

Correct answer:

Sunni and Shia

Explanation:

Over 80% the worlds 1 billion+ Muslims belong to the Sunni tradition. Around 10-15% belong to the Shia tradition. The two factions originally split over who should rightly succeed the prophet Muhammad upon his death as the leader of the Muslim community. Those who would come to be known as Sunnis backed the eventual successor Abu Bakr, and those who would come to be known as Shiites backed Muhammad's son-in-law, Ali, who would also come to power before being assassinated. The term "Shia" is derived from the term for "party of Ali" in Arabic. From this political split, Sunni and Shia Islam diverged in a number of ways in their respective practices of Islam. This division has historically been a tremendous source of strife between the two groups. Iraq is physically located on the border between the Arab-speaking, Sunni-professing region of the Middle East and the historical center of Shia belief in Persian speaking Iran. As a result, Iraq is a majority Shia country, but the country holds a very large Sunni minority and is subject to foreign influence from its many Sunni neighbors. The Sunni/Shia split is a major determinant of Iraqi politics. 

Example Question #1 : Modern United States

The Iranian Revolution had which of the following direct consequences for the United States?

Possible Answers:

It led to the Oil Crisis of 1979.

It caused the Soviet Union to invade Afghanistan.

It caused the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in the Middle East.

It led to the Oil Crisis of 1973.

It led to the Gulf War.

Correct answer:

It led to the Oil Crisis of 1979.

Explanation:

Of these answer choices the Iranian Revolution only led "directly" to the Oil Crisis of 1979. The Oil Crisis of 1973 was a result of various members of OPEC announcing an oil embargo. The Crisis of 1979 occurred as a result of changes in Iran’s openness to western economic intervention and the conflict that broke out between Iraq and Iran, which led both countries to limit supply of oil. The crisis led to a recession in the United States in 1979 and 1980 and propelled the Soviet Union into the position of the number one oil supplier in the world.

Example Question #1 : Modern United States

The hostage crisis of 1979, which took place during the Presidency of Jimmy Carter, took place in which Middle Eastern country?

Possible Answers:

Syria

Iran

Iraq

Lebanon

Saudi Arabia

Correct answer:

Iran

Explanation:

The Iranian Hostage Crisis of 1979 took place, of course, in Iran. It involved the kidnap of just over 50 American diplomats and citizens. The hostage situation lasted for 444 days before the American hostages were finally released. It is seen as one of the seminal moments in the beginnings of American involvement in the Middle East, as well as a notable incident of Carter’s presidency.

Example Question #1 : Modern United States

The Watergate Scandal occurred during the Presidency of __________

Possible Answers:

Ronald Reagan.

George H.W. Bush.

Bill Clinton.

Richard Nixon.

Jimmy Carter.

Correct answer:

Richard Nixon.

Explanation:

The Watergate Scandal occurred in the early 1970s, following a break-in at the Democratic Party headquarters in 1972. It brought about the end of Richard Nixon’s Presidency, after it was revealed that Nixon and his advisors had violated several codes of conduct. This resulted in Nixon’s attempted impeachment and subsequent resignation. It represents an important turning point in American history when, according to many historians, the American public permanently lost faith in the honesty and efficacy of it’s political leaders.

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