GED Social Studies : United States History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Presidents Of The Cold War

Which of these major conflicts in American history occurred most recently?

Possible Answers:

The Korean War

The Civil War

The Spanish-American War

The Vietnam War

World War Two

Correct answer:

The Vietnam War

Explanation:

The answer which occurred the most recently is the Vietnam War. The Civil War was fought from 1861 until 1865; the Spanish-American War was fought in 1898; World War Two was fought from 1939 until 1945; The Korean War was fought from 1950 until 1953; the Vietnam War was fought from 1965 until 1976. The Vietnam War began during the Presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson and did not end until after Nixon had been forced out of office by the Watergate scandal.

Example Question #1 : Presidents Of The Cold War

The Domino Theory was first proposed by which American President?

Possible Answers:

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Harry Truman

John F. Kennedy

Dwight Eisenhower

Richard Nixon

Correct answer:

Dwight Eisenhower

Explanation:

The Domino Theory was an important part of American foreign policy throughout much of the Cold War. It states that, if one country falls under the influence of communism, the neighboring countries are likely to follow suit. The theory was first suggested by President Eisenhower to try and encourage support for the French forces in Vietnam.

Example Question #172 : Content Areas

Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis?

Possible Answers:

Mikhail Gorbachev.

Nikita Khrushchev.

Josef Stalin.

Leonid Brezhnev.

Vladimir Lenin.

Correct answer:

Nikita Khrushchev.

Explanation:

The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred in 1962, when the Soviet Union installed nuclear weapons in Cuba, less than ninety miles from United States’ soil. The American President at the time was John F. Kennedy, and the leader of the Soviet Union was Nikita Khrushchev. The result of the incident was that the Soviet Union ended up withdrawing it’s nuclear weapons from Cuba under the agreement that the United States would remove its from Turkey. For the short period of time that the Cuban Missile Crisis raged, it is generally considered to be the closest that the two superpowers got to nuclear annihilation during the long Cold War.

Example Question #1 : Arms And Technology Races

What was Sputnik?

Possible Answers:

It was a Soviet spy plane that crashed in Canada and almost led to nuclear war.

It was a Soviet satellite and was the first man-made object to orbit the earth.

It was a Soviet propaganda program that bred discontent in capitalist countries.

It was an American space ship that was the first to touch down on the surface of the moon.

It was an American spy plane that crashed in the Soviet Union and sparked a diplomatic crisis.

Correct answer:

It was a Soviet satellite and was the first man-made object to orbit the earth.

Explanation:

Sputnik was a Soviet satellite. It was the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth. This took place in 1957 and began the Space Race between the Soviet Union and the United States. Sputnik was important, geopolitically speaking, for promoting panic in the United States that America was getting left behind by the more scientifically and technologically advanced Soviets. It can be seen as the reason why America landed on the moon only twelve years later.

Example Question #11 : Cold War

The Bay of Pigs Invasion took place during the Presidency of __________

Possible Answers:

Lyndon B. Johnson.

Franklin D. Roosevelt.

John F. Kennedy.

Harry Truman.

Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Correct answer:

John F. Kennedy.

Explanation:

Although the Bay of Pigs Invasion was planned during the Presidency of Dwight Eisenhower, it was not actually carried out until 1961, during the Presidency of John F. Kennedy. It was a failed American invasion of Cuba and is important in the larger context of the Cold War for solidifying the complete deterioration of American relations with Cuba and for precipitating the Cuban Missile Crisis only a year later.

Example Question #1 : Arms And Technology Races

The Bay of Pigs Invasion was meant to overthrow the government of __________

Possible Answers:

General Tito.

Fidel Castro.

Nikita Khrushchev.

Ayatollah Khomeini.

Saddam Hussein.

Correct answer:

Fidel Castro.

Explanation:

The Bay of Pigs invasion took place in 1961. The CIA trained exiled Cuban troops that then touched down on Cuban soil with the intention of overthrowing the Cuban government and assassinating Fidel Castro. It did not succeed.

Example Question #1 : Arms And Technology Races

Yuri Gagarin __________

Possible Answers:

was the first human in outer space.

assassinated Josef Stalin.

defected to the United States and sold Soviet secrets.

was assassinated on the commands of Josef Stalin for attempting to sell state secrets.

crashed a spy plane on United States’ soil.

Correct answer:

was the first human in outer space.

Explanation:

Yuri Gagarin was the first human in outer space. He was a citizen of the Soviet Union and was the first man to orbit the earth in 1961. His achievement was part of the early years of the Space Race when the Soviet Union was the first nation to put a satellite into orbit and the first to put a man into space.

Example Question #81 : United States History

The Warsaw Pact emerged __________

Possible Answers:

into prominence following the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931.

in opposition to NATO.

during the Second World War between Germany and the Soviet Union.

immediately following the Russian Revolution.

after the fall of the Soviet Union, in order to promote democracy in the former European states of the U.S.S.R.

Correct answer:

in opposition to NATO.

Explanation:

The Warsaw Pact is the name given to the treaty and alliance formed between the various communist states of Europe and the Soviet Union in response to the signing of NATO between the capitalist states of Western Europe and America.

Example Question #1 : Effects Of The Cold War

The fall of the Soviet Union occurred in the  __________

Possible Answers:

2000s.

1990s.

1980s.

1950s.

1960s.

Correct answer:

1990s.

Explanation:

The fall of the Soviet Union, and therefore the end of the Cold War, occurred in 1991. This represents the end of the great competition between capitalism and communism that had raged for forty-five years since the end of World War Two. Although it is worth noting that there are still communist nations in the world—China and North Korea are two prominent examples.

Example Question #1 : Civil Rights And Demographics

Why is the Seneca Falls Convention important in US history?

Possible Answers:

It led to prohibition of alcohol.

It led to the adoption of the Articles of Confederation.

It led to the age of conscription being lowered from twenty-one to eighteen.

It was the first organized meeting to promote women's’ rights.

It was the first organized meeting to promote social equality and justice for minorities.

Correct answer:

It was the first organized meeting to promote women's’ rights.

Explanation:

The Seneca Falls Convention took place in 1848. It was the first large-scale organized meeting promoting the advancement of women’s rights.

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