GED Social Studies : United States History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #2 : Effects Of World War I

Which of these Presidents has received a Nobel Peace Prize?

Possible Answers:

Abraham Lincoln

Ronald Reagan

Bill Clinton

John F. Kennedy

Woodrow Wilson

Correct answer:

Woodrow Wilson

Explanation:

The Nobel Peace Prize was first given out in 1901, so Abraham Lincoln is immediately disqualified, regardless of his wonderful accomplishments. The correct answer is that Woodrow Wilson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919, for his work in founding the League of Nations in the years immediately after World War One.

Example Question #61 : United States History

Decolonization primarily took place __________

Possible Answers:

in the aftermath of World War Two.

during the Civil Rights Era.

during the later years of the Cold War.

in the aftermath of World War One.

during the Great Depression.

Correct answer:

in the aftermath of World War Two.

Explanation:

Decolonization, in which the majority of European powers lost most of their foreign colonies, either willingly or unwillingly, took place in the years immediately after World War Two. Primarily this took place from 1946 to 1966. It was a time period that witnessed Britain and France in particular, but all the European powers, abandoning their massive imperial landholdings and returning to small nation-states. The primary motivating factors were the declining wealth and influence of European powers following the horrors of World War Two; the increased importance placed on individual and national rights in the second half of the twentieth century; and pressure from the United Nations and the United States.

Example Question #61 : United States History

The GI Bill was designed to __________

Possible Answers:

improve the medical conditions and healthcare of American troops during World War Two.

improve the conditions of factory workers who were providing ammunition and vehicles for the American war effort during World War Two.

increase the number of Americans who could be drafted during World War One.

help returning American veterans from World War Two reintegrate into society by providing access to higher education.

increase the number of Americans who could be drafted during World War Two.

Correct answer:

help returning American veterans from World War Two reintegrate into society by providing access to higher education.

Explanation:

The GI Bill was issued in 1944 as part of an extended program to help returning World War Two veterans reintegrate into American society. It provided, among other things, housing loans and grants for access to higher education. It is considered a very important factor in the creation of the massive American middle class.

Example Question #62 : United States History

The language from the following Act is characteristic of which view during WWII?

"Providing for the prohibition of the export of arms, ammunition, and implements of war to belligerent countries; the prohibition of the transportation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war by vessels of the United States for the use of belligerent states; for the registration and licensing of persons engaged in the business of manufacturing, exporting, or importing arms, ammunition, or implements of war; and restricting travel by American citizens on belligerent ships during war."

Possible Answers:

"Isolationism"

"War Hawkishness"

 "Belligerence"

"Peace at All Costs"

Correct answer:

"Isolationism"

Explanation:

The correct answer is "Isolationism." Put simply, the US was rather gun shy after the first world war. The unequaled level of destruction and loss of life of the first world war really put war into perspective, for both citizens and government, and led to a brief period of isolationism. In addition to the fact that WWI had just ended, the fact that the beginning of the second world war took place entirely in Europe (exactly like WWI) led isolationists to believe that intervention was the worst possible course of action. Thus, isolationists counseled avoidance of conflict at all cost. 

This is reflected in the preface of the "Neutrality Act" of 1935 (reproduced above). Note that the Act utterly and totally prohibits the export of arms to any belligerent, regardless of whether they were friend or foe.

Example Question #1 : Effects Of World War Ii

The United States was the first country to use a(n) __________________ in warfare; the US used this weapon against the Japanese Empire in World War II.

Possible Answers:

Atomic Bomb

Carpet Bombing

Panzer Tank

None of these

Correct answer:

Atomic Bomb

Explanation:

"Atomic Bomb" is the correct answer. The United States became the first country to employ an atomic bomb in warfare, to great--if very controversial--success. The bombs dropped by the Enola Gay (the plane carrying both bombs) cause unprecedented destruction and eventually led to the surrender of the Japanese Empire, and the complete end of WWII.

Example Question #1 : Communism, Socialism, And Capitalism

The Cold War was primarily a conflict between __________

Possible Answers:

the East and the West.

fascism and capitalism.

Europe and America.

democracy and socialism.

capitalism and communism.

Correct answer:

capitalism and communism.

Explanation:

The Cold War, which waged from the end of the Second World War until the fall of the Soviet Union, was primarily a conflict between capitalism and communism. It was essentially a conflict to see which economic system would become dominant in the world following the Second World War. The terms "democracy" and "socialism" are the two political systems that usually match with the economic systems of capitalism and communism, although it is possible to have a society that is both democratic and communist.

Example Question #1 : Communism, Socialism, And Capitalism

Who was the first leader of communist China?

Possible Answers:

Deng Xiaoping.

Ye Jianying.

Mao Zedong.

Li Xiannian.

Pol Pot.

Correct answer:

Mao Zedong.

Explanation:

The first leader of Communist China was Mao Zedong. Mao was the founder of the Chinese Communist Party and the first ruler of the People’s Republic of China, which he governed from 1949 until 1976—when he died. Mao is notable for his role in the Chinese Civil War, leading the attack against the nationalists led by Chiang Kai-Shek. He is also notable for committing numerous atrocities, such as the Cultural Revolution, and for instituting the Great Leap Forward, designed to modernize the Chinese economy and solidify the hold of communism.

Example Question #1 : Cold War

Perestroika is the name given to __________

Possible Answers:

Josef Stalin’s attempts to improve the Soviet economy.

Leon Trotsky’s vision for a true communist society.

Mikhail Gorbachev’s plans to restructure the Soviet economy.

America’s policy of investing heavily in the space race following the Sputnik Crisis.

the declining influence of the Soviet Union in the mid-1980s.

Correct answer:

Mikhail Gorbachev’s plans to restructure the Soviet economy.

Explanation:

Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union, ushered the country out of the Cold War and into an era of reforms and diminishing influence. His two major reforms are referred to as Glasnost and Perestroika. Glasnost was Gorbachev’s attempts to allow for greater political freedom; Perestroika was his attempt to restructure the soviet economy.

Example Question #2 : Cold War

Joseph McCarthy famously __________

Possible Answers:

led American forces to a catastrophic defeat in Vietnam.

proposed a plan to rebuild the economies of Europe in the aftermath of World War Two.

led the crusade against prominent American communists.

ran for President on the platform of nuclear disarmament.

undermined the Civil Rights movement with a series of Supreme Court rulings.

Correct answer:

led the crusade against prominent American communists.

Explanation:

Joseph McCarthy was a United States senator in the late 1940s and early 1950s who famously led the crusade against prominent American communists. This period of American history is often referred to as The Red Scare, and the policy of attacking any known or suspected communists in Congress is called McCarthyism.

Example Question #5 : Communism, Socialism, And Capitalism

The Nationalist Party in China was led by __________

Possible Answers:

Deng Xiaoping

Mao Zedong.

Emperor Hirohito.

Chiang Kai-Shek.

Pol Pot.

Correct answer:

Chiang Kai-Shek.

Explanation:

The Nationalist Party was led by Chiang Kai-Shek. During the Chinese Civil War the Nationalists faced off against the Communists, led by Mao Zedong. The Nationalists were eventually defeated and set up government in Taiwan.

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