GED Social Studies : United States History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Nato

Which of these countries is not a member of NATO?

Possible Answers:

United States.

Britain.

Turkey.

Russia.

Canada.

Correct answer:

Russia.

Explanation:

NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organization) emerged after the end of the Second World War as the primarily alliance of the capitalist world during the Cold War. It was opposed by the Warsaw Pact, which was signed by the various communist nations of Europe and the Soviet Union. The current state of Russia remains excluded from NATO.

Example Question #1 : Cold War

The idea that two antagonistic countries possessing nuclear weapons actually lowers the probability of an outbreak of war is called __________.

Possible Answers:

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Warsaw Pact

Nuclear Non-Proliferation

Mutually Assured Destruction

Nuclear Non-Aggression Pact

Correct answer:

Mutually Assured Destruction

Explanation:

Mutually Assured Destruction is the term used to describe the nuclear relationship between the United States of America and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Essentially it suggests that because both nations possess stocks of nuclear weapons, warfare is considerably less likely, because if one nation launches a nuclear attack on another nation it will result in the destruction of both nations. Nuclear Non-Proliferation refers to an agreement that no new nations will be allowed to access nuclear weaponry.

Example Question #3 : Nato

Which of these best summarizes the idea of disarmament?

Possible Answers:

An agreement between two or more nations to reduce their supply of weapons

The continuation of British political and legal traditions in the American republic

A piece of legislation designed to provide for greater religious toleration

A policy designed to favor one social, ethnic, or religious group over another

The increased spending on the military that has occurred at various times throughout American history

Correct answer:

An agreement between two or more nations to reduce their supply of weapons

Explanation:

Disarmament is the term used to describe an agreement between two or more nations to downgrade their stockpile of weapons. Particularly, it is used to describe agreements between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

Example Question #1 : Cold War

In exchange for the Soviet Union removing its missiles from Cuba, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States was forced to remove missiles from __________.

Possible Answers:

Czechoslovakia

Poland

East Germany

China

Turkey

Correct answer:

Turkey

Explanation:

In exchange for the Soviet Union removing its missiles from Cuba, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States removed its missiles from Turkey. Its possible you did not know this information, but you should have been able to make a reasonable guess based on the answer choices available. Turkey was a major ally of the United States and Western Europe during the Cold War and was a member of NATO, whereas East Germany, China, Poland, and Czechoslovakia were all countries under either the direct control of the Soviet Union or, in the case of China, under a communist government.

Example Question #1 : Cold War

The Truman Doctrine stated that __________

Possible Answers:

the President had the sole power to use the power of the atomic bomb in a state of war.

The United States would not interfere in the affairs of foreign nations.

The United States had the right to expand across the whole of the North American continent.

The United States would provide economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism.

The United States would support England in any conflict with Germany or Italy.

Correct answer:

The United States would provide economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism.

Explanation:

The Truman Doctrine was issued at the beginning of the Cold War by President Harry Truman. It stated that the United States would provide economic and military aid to any nation that was threatened by the internal or external spread of communism. The country that benefited most from the aid offered by the Truman Doctrine was Greece.

Example Question #1 : Truman Doctrine And Marshall Plan

The Marshall Plan __________

Possible Answers:

attempted to rid the United States of any internal communist influences.

attempted to block the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the early years of the Cold War.

was a system established to reconstruct Western Europe following the damage of World War Two.

proposed to make sweeping improvements to the internal infrastructure in America in the aftermath of World War Two.

proposed a system of alliances with all the major democratic and capitalist nations in the early years of the Cold War.

Correct answer:

was a system established to reconstruct Western Europe following the damage of World War Two.

Explanation:

The Marshall Plan was a system established by American Secretary of State George Marshall to rebuild the economies and infrastructure of Western Europe following the damage of World War Two. The goal was to rebuild the European economy and reestablish Western Europe as a major trade partner of America, not to mention one that would have similar goals regarding the promotion of capitalism and the elimination of communism.

Example Question #1 : Truman Doctrine And Marshall Plan

The American policy of trying to prevent the expansion of communism to other nations __________

Possible Answers:

reproachment.

mutually assured destruction.

The Truman Doctrine.

manifest destiny.

containment.

Correct answer:

containment.

Explanation:

During the Cold War, the primary foreign policy of the United States was to try and prevent the spread of communism to other nations. This policy was called containment. It led to directly to the United States’ involvement in Korea and Vietnam, as well as other smaller conflicts.

Example Question #1 : Truman Doctrine And Marshall Plan

The Domino Theory states that __________

Possible Answers:

The United States cannot allow communist ideology to spread internally if it wishes to remain a capitalist society.

if one country falls to communism, the neighboring country will likely fall next.

if capitalism can be spread to parts of a communist country, it will eventually consume the entire nation.

once one country acquires nuclear weapons, they will ultimately spread to any country that wishes to possess them.

people from a democratic country will never approve of war with another democracy.

Correct answer:

if one country falls to communism, the neighboring country will likely fall next.

Explanation:

The Domino Theory relates to the Truman Doctrine and the policy of containment that was the most important part of American foreign policy during the majority of the Cold War. The Domino Theory states that if one country falls to communism it will very likely spread to any neighboring countries. As such, America must prevent any country from falling to communism by any means that it can—or so the theory goes.

Example Question #71 : United States History

The Fair Deal program of domestic reforms is associated with which United States President?

Possible Answers:

Richard Nixon

Harry Truman

John F. Kennedy

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Lyndon B. Johnson

Correct answer:

Harry Truman

Explanation:

The Fair Deal was a series of domestic reforms encouraged by President Harry Truman. It represents a sort of extension of the New Deal program of his predecessor Franklin D. Roosevelt. The Fair Deal was concerned with establishing a higher minimum wage and ending unemployment.

Example Question #1 : Presidents Of The Cold War

The normalization of relations between the United States and China occurred during the Presidency of __________

Possible Answers:

Jimmy Carter.

Richard Nixon.

John F. Kennedy.

Bill Clinton.

George W. Bush.

Correct answer:

Richard Nixon.

Explanation:

During the early years of the Cold War, the United States and China had almost no diplomatic contact and certainly no trade agreements. China was firmly sided with the Soviet Union against the United States; however, in 1972 President Richard Nixon made a formal visit to China in an attempt to reopen trade between the two nations and normalize relations. The visit is considered the greatest foreign policy success of the Nixon administration.

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