GED Social Studies : United States History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #3 : Reconstruction Policies

The First Transcontinental Railroad was completed in which year?

Possible Answers:

1881

1824

1869

1901

1911

Correct answer:

1869

Explanation:

During the second half of the nineteenth century, the United States engaged in a massive railroad construction project. This linked communities over vast distances for the first time in American history. The First Transcontinental Railroad was built between 1863 and 1869 and finished in 1869, with the initial first destination being San Francisco.

Example Question #131 : Content Areas

The Emancipation Proclamation was issued during __________.

Possible Answers:

The Vietnam War

World War Two

The Civil War

World War One

The Revolutionary War

Correct answer:

The Civil War

Explanation:

The Emancipation Proclamation was issued in 1863, in the middle of the Civil War, by President Abraham Lincoln. The Proclamation formally stated that the slaves living in the territories currently in open rebellion were now and forever free.

Example Question #1 : Imperialism And Nationalism

The Balfour Declaration proposed to __________

Possible Answers:

prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

assure American troops would remain out of conflict during World War One.

abolish the League of Nations.

create a Jewish state in the territory of Palestine.

create the United Nations.

Correct answer:

create a Jewish state in the territory of Palestine.

Explanation:

The Balfour Declaration was published in 1917 and proposed to create a new nation for the Jewish people in the territory of Palestine. This nation would come to be called Israel. It represents a massive milestone in the Zionist movement to achieve an independent Jewish nation.

Example Question #2 : Imperialism And Nationalism

The World War Two agreement between the United States and Great Britain about the nature of the post-war world and the state of self-determination in the world was called __________.

Possible Answers:

The Allied Powers Act

The Atlantic Charter

The League of Nations

The Yalta Agreement

The Warsaw Pact

Correct answer:

The Atlantic Charter

Explanation:

The Atlantic Charter was an agreement signed between the United States and Great Britain in 1941. It proposed the ideal manner in which the war and the post-war world should be conducted and shaped. It was later supported by the other allied powers and led to the creation of the United Nations.

Example Question #1 : Alliances

Which of these countries was not a member of the Axis Powers in World War Two?

Possible Answers:

Japan

The Soviet Union

Germany

Italy

All of these nations were members of the Axis Powers

Correct answer:

The Soviet Union

Explanation:

In World War Two, the Axis Powers were Germany, Japan, and Italy. They fought against the Allied Powers of Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union.

Example Question #141 : Content Areas

The Potsdam Conference was __________

Possible Answers:

the first meeting of democratic Russia and the United States after the fall of the Soviet Union.

convened to divide the territories of Africa among the various Imperialist European powers.

the last wartime meeting between the Soviet Union, Britain, and the United States during World War Two.

abandoned following a series of terrorist attacks.

the meeting in which the treaty ending the Korean War in a stalemate was signed.

Correct answer:

the last wartime meeting between the Soviet Union, Britain, and the United States during World War Two.

Explanation:

The Potsdam Conference took place in occupied Germany during the waning days of the Second World War. It was attended by all the Allied Powers, although focus tends to go towards President Truman, representing the United States, Josef Stalin, representing the Soviet Union, and Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and later Clement Attlee, representing Great Britain. The Allied Powers met to decide how to punish Germany and how to rebuild the world after the war.

Example Question #1 : Alliances

In the system of alliances that arose immediately prior to World War I, which group of countries formed the Triple Entente?

Possible Answers:

Germany, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire

Germany, Italy, and Japan

Russia, France, and the United Kingdom

France, Spain, and Italy

The United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and the United States

Correct answer:

Russia, France, and the United Kingdom

Explanation:

The Triple Entente, entente meaning "friendship" in French, was cemented by the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente in 1907. The French and Russians had already entered into an alliance in 1894, while the UK and Frace had put an end to centuries of imperial animosity in 1904. In addition to ending competition between the three constituent powers, the alliance that formed on the basis of the agreements provided for military cooperation as well. The Triple Entente also came about as a geo-political counterweight to the power wielded over Central Europe by the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The web of alliances that spread over most of Europe has long been thought to have been one of the precipitating factors that led to the spread of war across the continent in WWI. 

Example Question #1 : World Wars I And Ii

In the Russian Revolution __________

Possible Answers:

the Russian monarchy fell and was replaced by full democracy.

the Russian monarchy fell and was replaced by representative democracy.

communism declined in influence and was replaced by democracy.

Russia lost its foreign colonies and became a republic.

the Russian monarchy fell and was replaced by a communist government.

Correct answer:

the Russian monarchy fell and was replaced by a communist government.

Explanation:

The Russian Revolution took place in 1917 and witnessed the decline of the longstanding Russian monarchy to be replaced with a communist government. The primary cause for the Russian revolution was the extended suffering of the Russian people during World War One. The Russian Revolution caused Russia to withdraw from World War One and precipitated the rise of the Soviet Union.

Example Question #1 : Russian Revolution

Czar Nicholas II __________

Possible Answers:

abolished serfdom in Russia.

was killed by Josef Stalin.

presided over the Russian war effort in World War Two.

was the last monarch of Russia.

was exiled to communist China.

Correct answer:

was the last monarch of Russia.

Explanation:

Czar Nicholas II was the last monarch of Russia. When the Russian monarchy fell during the Russian Revolution of 1917, Nicholas and his family were executed. Czar Alexander II abolished serfdom and is therefore sometimes known as Alexander the Liberator. Josef Stalin presided over the Soviet war effort during World War Two.

Example Question #1 : World Wars I And Ii

The first leader of the Soviet Union was __________

Possible Answers:

Pol Pot.

Nikita Khrushchev.

Czar Alexander II.

Josef Stalin.

Vladimir Lenin.

Correct answer:

Vladimir Lenin.

Explanation:

The first leader of the Soviet Union, which began in 1922, was Vladimir Lenin. Lenin was one of the leaders of the Russian Revolution, in which the monarchy was overthrown and replaced with socialism. He would serve as leader of the Soviet Union until his death, when he was replaced by Josef Stalin. Stalin in turn would reign throughout the thirties and forties until his death led to the leadership of Nikita Khrushchev.

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