GED Social Studies : Geography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

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Example Question #31 : Geography

A person who has fled some disaster—natural or political—in his or her home country and now lives abroad is called a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

immigrant

diaspora

refugee

departee

reactionary

Correct answer:

refugee

Explanation:

A refugee is someone who has either been forced to leave or else has fled some disaster—famine, poverty, genocide, religious warfare, etc. A refugee leaves his or her own country and heads for a willing country believed to be safer. Different countries around the world have widely varied practices when it comes to accepting refugees. The diaspora is the name given to a community of displaced people, e.g. the Jewish Diaspora.

Example Question #1 : Immigration And Emigration

The phrase “God, glory, and gold” is used to describe __________.

Possible Answers:

the political beliefs and ideologies of certain elements of the contemporary Republican Party

the westward migration of American settlers in the nineteenth century

the reasons that inspired the Protestant Reformation

the motivations behind European conquest and settlement of the Americas

the British desire to conquer the Indian subcontinent

Correct answer:

the motivations behind European conquest and settlement of the Americas

Explanation:

The phrase “God, glory, and gold” is often used to describe the motivations behind European conquest and settlement of the Americas. It is most frequently used to describe the first wave of European colonialism under the Spanish. It is a shorthand term to illustrate how the Spanish were motivated to colonize the Americas in order to spread Christianity ("God"), gain personal fame and notoriety ("glory"), and become immensely wealthy by exporting gold and silver back to Europe ("gold").

Example Question #1 : Immigration And Emigration

Xenophobia is the name given to ___________________.

Possible Answers:

the fear of the government

the fear of foreigners

racist discourse

the fear of disease

anarchist discourse

Correct answer:

the fear of foreigners

Explanation:

Xenophobia is an important term and important trend in human and American history. Xenophobia is the fear of foreigners, and it is a motivating factor in many of the worst instances of violence and atrocities in human history. It can also be a primary motivating factor in less dramatic, but no less important, circumstances, like limits on immigration, racism, tariffs, civil unrest and so on.

Example Question #1 : Population Trends

Which of these was not a contributing factor towards the Baby Boom, from 1946 to 1965?

Possible Answers:

Higher standard of living

The Civil Rights Movement

Government subsidized education

Low birth rates during World War Two

Decreased infant mortality rates

Correct answer:

The Civil Rights Movement

Explanation:

The Baby Boom period lasted for about twenty years after the end of World War Two. It was marked by a massive increase in the size of families and the population of the country as a whole. It was caused by several factors, including a much higher standard of living, the relatively low level of birth rates during World War Two, and decreased infant mortality rates. Another contributing factor was the GI Bill. The GI Bill provided loans and grants to returning veterans from World War Two to help them buy houses and have access to higher education. The only answer choice that did not directly contribute to the Baby Boom generation was the Civil Rights Movement. Firstly, this did not really begin in earnest until the mid-1950s, second of all it was a movement to improve social rights and not an economic or health based movement so cannot be expected to have much effect on the birth rate.

Example Question #1 : Population Trends

Population has grown most dramatically in which of these centuries? 

Possible Answers:

The nineteenth century

The seventeenth century

The twentieth century

The sixteenth century

The eighteenth century

Correct answer:

The twentieth century

Explanation:

Prior to the Industrial Revolution, the population of the world was less than one billion. It would pass one billion early in the nineteenth century, but would not reach two billion until early in the twentieth century. Since the massive improvements in public health, medicine, technology, and farming practices of the twentieth century, the world population has risen to over seven billion. So the correct answer is easily the twentieth century. 

Example Question #1 : Population Trends

In which of these continents is the population the highest? 

Possible Answers:

Africa

South America

Asia

North America

Europe

Correct answer:

Asia

Explanation:

More than half the people on the planet live in the continent of Asia: the majority of these living in China and India. Of the more than seven billion people on Earth, at least four billion live in Asia. 

Example Question #1 : Population Trends

Which of these is the correct order of continents by population (from highest to lowest)? 

Possible Answers:

Asia; Africa; Europe; North America; South America

Africa; Europe; Asia; North America; South America

North America; South America; Africa; Asia; Europe

Africa; Asia; North America; Europe; South America

Asia; North America; Europe; Africa; South America

Correct answer:

Asia; Africa; Europe; North America; South America

Explanation:

More than half the people in the world live in Asia. After Asia, the next highest is Africa, which is the only other continent to have more than a billion people living there. After Africa comes Europe, then North America, then South America. The population of Europe is projected to remain approximately the same for several decades, so by the end of the twenty-first century it will have likely been overtaken by all the other continents, except Oceania and Antarctica.

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