GED Social Studies : Geography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Urban And Rural Societies

Bourgeoise is another name for __________.

Possible Answers:

The Clergy

The Vatican

the aristocracy

the middle class

the working class

Correct answer:

the middle class

Explanation:

Bourgeoise is a French term, also widely used in the English language to refer to the Middle Class. It has its origins around the time of the Industrial Revolution, and it is often used in a demeaning fashion to suggest certain materialistic or superficial social values.

Example Question #1 : Urban And Rural Societies

Which of these statements is most true? During the Industrial Revolution much of the population __________.

Possible Answers:

grew immensely wealthy from the sale of manufactured goods

invested in railroad companies

migrated to urban centers in search of work

migrated to rural areas to escape the poverty and harsh conditions of city life

became ill due to the release of smog and toxic chemicals

Correct answer:

migrated to urban centers in search of work

Explanation:

Although it is probably true that some people moved away from cities to escape the poverty of city life and that some became ill from toxic chemicals. and it is also true that a small minority of people grew immensely wealthy during the Industrial Revolution, none of these statements represents the experience of the majority of people. The majority of the English population was no longer needed on farmland and was migrating to urban centers in search of work. As the Industrial Revolution spread around the world this seems to be the experience everywhere: Industrial Revolution led to urbanization.

Example Question #2 : Urban And Rural Societies

Which of these countries has the highest population density?

Possible Answers:

France

Brazil

The United States

China

Bangladesh

Correct answer:

Bangladesh

Explanation:

Population density refers to the number of people living in a certain area of land. A country with a high population density has a large number of people living in a relatively small amount of land. Although the populations of the U.S.A., China, and Brazil are all higher than the population of Bangladesh, the land area of Bangladesh is much smaller, so it has the highest population density.

Example Question #261 : Content Areas

From 1700 to 1800, the population of Europe __________.

Possible Answers:

increased slightly due to agricultural improvements

fell slightly due to widespread famine

almost doubled, providing the necessary labor for the Industrial Revolution

fell heavily due to widespread famine and frequent plague

remained roughly the same before exploding in the Industrial Revolution

Correct answer:

almost doubled, providing the necessary labor for the Industrial Revolution

Explanation:

The eighteenth century was a time of dramatic population growth in Europe, particularly Western Europe. Advances in agriculture and fewer plagues meant a much lower death rate. The population rose from just under 100 million in 1700 to roughly 180 million by 1800. This population growth was vital for providing the conditions necessary for the Industrial Revolution to take off in the nineteenth century.

Example Question #261 : Content Areas

What is the name given to the forced dispersal of a people or a nation from their homeland to live among other societies?

Possible Answers:

Diaspora

Assimilation

Immigration

Emigration

Hegemony

Correct answer:

Diaspora

Explanation:

The term, "diaspora," is used to describe a group of people, or a nation, who have been evicted from their homeland and forced to live among other societies. In recent history this has been used to describe the community of Jewish people who lived in various European societies throughout much of history.  

Example Question #1 : Regional And Border Concepts

The Amazon rainforest, in Brazil, is found on which continent?

Possible Answers:

South America

Africa

Central America

Europe

North America

Correct answer:

South America

Explanation:

The Amazon rainforest, and the Amazon River, are both found in Brazil, which is a country in South America. Central America is not a continent..

Example Question #21 : Geography

Which of these is not a monotheistic religion?

Possible Answers:

Islam.

Christianity.

Hinduism.

Zoroastrianism.

Judaism.

Correct answer:

Hinduism.

Explanation:

A monotheistic religion is defined by the belief in only one God. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic religions. As is Zoroastrianism, an ancient Iranian monotheistic religion and philosophy. Of these choices only Hinduism is polytheistic, having a large range and variety of Gods.

Example Question #1 : Human Populations And Cultures

Polytheism is best described as __________

Possible Answers:

a government ruled by one autocratic leader.

the belief in more than one God.

a government ruled by a small group of individuals with absolute power.

the belief in one God.

the belief that God does not exist.

Correct answer:

the belief in more than one God.

Explanation:

Polytheism is a religion defined by the belief in more than one God. In the ancient world almost all religions were polytheistic—such as the Greek and Roman religions, Egyptian, Norse and so on; however, since the rise of Judaism, then Christianity and Islam, monotheistic religions (the belief in one God) now largely dominate.

Example Question #1 : Human Populations And Cultures

The spread of the American fast food chains around the world in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries is an example of __________.

Possible Answers:

yellow journalism

jingoism

cultural diffusion

hegemony

implied powers

Correct answer:

cultural diffusion

Explanation:

Cultural diffusion is a term used to describe the spread of one culture’s language, ideas, or principles to other cultures, where it is then adopted and embraced. In the last century or two the English language has spread rapidly around the world and is now the second language of a large proportion of the global population.

Example Question #1 : Human Populations And Cultures

The Native American population most likely arrived in North America __________.

Possible Answers:

across the Strait of Gibraltar from Africa

from Viking Expeditions to Eastern Canada

through the Panamanian and Belizean rainforests

via ships and rafts from Hawaii

across the Bering Strait from Asia

Correct answer:

across the Bering Strait from Asia

Explanation:

The original Native American population is believed to have crossed into North America via a land bridge in the modern-day Bering Strait. So they would have crossed from what is now Northern Russia into Alaska and then rapidly worked there way (over many generations) down throughout modern North and South America.

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