AP World History : Migration, Settlement, and Demography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #81 : Demographic And Environmental History

After the arrival of Europeans in the Americas _______________.

Possible Answers:

the population rose slightly, as the Europeans shared new technologies with the native population

the population declined dramatically, primarily due to warfare and forced labor

the population declined dramatically, primarily due to the spread of infections disease

the population rose dramatically, as the Europeans introduced many new crops to the native population

the population remained static, as most of the native population migrated deeper into the interior of the continent

Correct answer:

the population declined dramatically, primarily due to the spread of infections disease

Explanation:

After the arrival of Europeans in the fifteenth century the population of the Americas declined dramatically in the following decades. The Europeans contributed to this widespread death directly by exterminating and enslaving the native population, but the bulk of the damage was done by deadly contagious diseases that the European explorers and settlers brought with them. Diseases like smallpox were not native to the Americas and the local population had no natural resistance to the disease. By most historians’ estimates, within two centuries of the arrival of Europeans the population of the Americas had declined by ninety percent.

Example Question #3 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 1450 To 1750

Christopher Columbus’ voyages were sponsored by _____________.

Possible Answers:

William and Mary

Pope Gregory II

Louis XIV

Ferdinand and Isabella

Henry VIII

Correct answer:

Ferdinand and Isabella

Explanation:

Christopher Columbus’ voyages to the new world were sponsored by the Spanish crown, which at the time was led by Ferdinand and Isabella.

Example Question #1 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 1450 To 1750

What country is now what used to be the "Holy Roman Empire"?

Possible Answers:

Turkey

Italy

Germany

France

Correct answer:

Germany

Explanation:

The Holy Roman Empire was dissolved after Napoleon conquered it, and eventually replaced with the German Federation, which became the German Republic in 1918, and was divided into East and West Germany after World War II. The modern country of Germany was finally created with reunification in 1990, after the collapse of the Soviet Union. 

Italy is also a country with a complicated history, and might be a tempting answer for "Holy Roman Empire" due to Rome; however, after the collapse of the Roman Empire many distinct claims to its successor lived on, with the city of Rome, Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire, and the Germanic tribes that had conquered Rome in the Early Middle Ages. The latter is what eventually led to the Holy Roman Empire.

Example Question #81 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

What happened to the global population in the century after the arrival of Europeans in the Americas?

Possible Answers:

It remained static, as warfare and disease negated the impact of natural population growth

It declined dramatically, due to the transfer of infections diseases between previously isolated populations

It declined slightly, due to the enslavement and forced genocide of the native population of the Americas and Africa

It rose significantly as new crops were exchanged between continents

It rose slightly primarily due to the wealth and raw resources being shipped to Europe and Asia

Correct answer:

It rose significantly as new crops were exchanged between continents

Explanation:

Although the arrival of Europeans led to widespread death and destruction in the Americas, the global population still rose significantly in this time period. This was caused by the exchange of native crops between the Old World and the New World. Crops like potatoes and corn, which were native to the Americas, could be used to sustain the population in unexpected parts of the world -like Ireland or Eastern Europe.

Example Question #81 : Demographic And Environmental History

The Spanish were the first Europeans to settle in which of these modern-day American states?

Possible Answers:

New York

Massachusetts

Virginia

Florida

Alaska

Correct answer:

Florida

Explanation:

The Spanish were the first European settlers to settle in Florida. The Spanish colony of Florida was one of the earliest European colonies in the New World. It was established by Juan Ponce de Leon in 1513.

Example Question #82 : Demographic And Environmental History

Who was the first European to reach Australia and New Zealand?

Possible Answers:

James Cook 

Marco Polo 

Amerigo Vespucci 

Charles Darwin 

Christopher Columbus 

Correct answer:

James Cook 

Explanation:

James Cook, who was born in England and lived from 1728 until 1779, was the first European to reach Australia as well as New Zealand and Hawaii on his ship the HMS Bark Endeavor. He mapped large portions of the Pacific Ocean, including the eastern coastline of Australia and the entirely of the New Zealand coast.

Example Question #1 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 1750 To 1900

Which of the following correctly outlines historical large-scale global migration patterns during the late 18th through early 20th centuries?

Possible Answers:

Migration of Native Americans to Europe

Migration of Indians to Persia and the Middle East

Migration of Chinese to Europe

Migration of Japanese to Southeast Asia

Migration of Europeans to the Western Hemisphere and Oceania.

Correct answer:

Migration of Europeans to the Western Hemisphere and Oceania.

Explanation:

During the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, tens of millions of Europeans migrated from Europe to colonies (and later countries) such as the United States, Brazil, Canada, Australia, and Argentina. The peak of this migration occurred during the mid 19th to early 20th centuries.

Example Question #81 : Demographic And Environmental History

Given Ireland's current population of 4.6 million people, was the population of Ireland higher, lower, or roughly the same before the Great Irish Famine?

Possible Answers:

Higher

Lower

The same

Impossible to determine

Correct answer:

Higher

Explanation:

The population of Ireland before the Great Famine was just over 8 million people. The famine hit so hard that between the millions who starved and the millions who fled to the United States, England, Australia, and New Zealand by the time the famine ended the population of Ireland had fallen to 4 million. 

Example Question #1 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 1750 To 1900

Thomas Malthus was a prominent academic in the late 1700's and early 1800's. What was his field of study?

Possible Answers:

Population Theory

Modern Technology

Economic Theory

None of these answers is accurate.

Correct answer:

Population Theory

Explanation:

Malthus was an ardent student of population trends. He published many studies on how populations affected the economics of a given area or nation. He also looked at the trends of the populations of the world as a whole.

Example Question #2 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 1750 To 1900

Why did Liberia remain independent from European control after the Scramble for Africa?

Possible Answers:

American protection

Lack of natural resources

Relatively uninhabited

British protection

Correct answer:

American protection

Explanation:

Liberia was founded in the early 1800's by freed slaves from the United States. They were part of the Back To Africa Movement of freed slaves. Therefore the U.S. felt the need to issue a hands-off warning to the European powers during the Scramble for Africa.

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