AP World History : Migration, Settlement, and Demography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #611 : Ap World History

Interaction between pastoral herders and settled societies contributed to __________ in the Neolithic era.

Possible Answers:

cultural diffusion

the invention of writing

the development of irrigation

the prevention of disease

the growth of urbanization

Correct answer:

cultural diffusion

Explanation:

During the Neolithic era human societies were organized in one of three ways. Nomadic hunter-gatherers continued to thrive in many parts of the world; pastoral herders, who lived nomadic lifestyles but kept permanent flocks of animals, emerged all over the world; and settled societies developed alongside the growth of agriculture. All three of these groups interacted with one another. Pastoral herders regularly engaged in trade or warfare with settled societies and contributed immensely to cultural diffusion as they moved between one settled society and another.

Example Question #31 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

David and Solomon were famous rulers of __________.

Possible Answers:

the Minoan civilization

the Hebrew Kingdom

the Assyrian Empire

the Nubian civilization

the Carolingian Empire

Correct answer:

the Hebrew Kingdom

Explanation:

David and Solomon were the two most famous rulers of the Hebrew Kingdom of Israel. It was during the reign of David and Solomon that Jerusalem was established as the Capital and the First Temple was built.

Example Question #31 : Demographic And Environmental History

Which of these statements about the Zhou Dynasty is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

During the rule of the Zhou Dynasty, China was never fully unified

During the rule of the Zhou Dynasty, China was unified under the rule of the Western Zhou

During the rule of the Zhou Dynasty, China entered a period of unprecedented peace and prosperity

None of these

During the rule of the Zhou Dynasty, China was unified under the rule of the Eastern Zhou

Correct answer:

During the rule of the Zhou Dynasty, China was never fully unified

Explanation:

During the rule of the Zhou Dynasty, China was never fully unified. Although the Western Zhou presided over a territory that comprised most of what was then China, there were still many small territories which were not incorporated.

Example Question #33 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Hominids first appeared in __________.

Possible Answers:

Northeast Africa

South America

the Middle East

Australasia

Southeast Africa

Correct answer:

Southeast Africa

Explanation:

Hominids are one of the earliest species that are thought to be precursors to human beings. They first emerged in southeast Africa approximately three million years ago.

Example Question #34 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Turkic languages were commonly spoken __________.

Possible Answers:

in Western Europe

in North Africa

in Eastern Europe

on the Indian subcontinent

in Central Asia

Correct answer:

in Central Asia

Explanation:

Turkic languages were very commonly spoken in Central Asia. Turkic languages were spread all throughout Central Asia, from modern-day Turkey to modern-day Mongolia, by the high volume of trade carried out along the Silk Road.

Example Question #31 : Demographic And Environmental History

Approximately when did the Aryans arrive on the Indian subcontinent?

Possible Answers:

500 BCE

700 CE

1450 CE

1,500 BCE

200 CE

Correct answer:

1,500 BCE

Explanation:

The Aryans arrived on the Indian subcontinent in 1,500 BCE. The Aryans were a nomadic people who had come from either Europe, Iran, or Central Asia, or possibly a combination of all three. They established the caste system in India and ensured that they would be placed at the top of the social hierarchy.

Example Question #31 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

The Chavin culture was influential in the history of which of these modern-day nations?

Possible Answers:

Peru

Sri Lanka

Indonesia

Mexico

Cuba

Correct answer:

Peru

Explanation:

The Chavin culture was influential in the history of Peru. The Chavin lived in modern-day Peru and flourished from 900 BCE until approximately 200 BCE.

Example Question #31 : Demographic And Environmental History

The Xia were the earliest state builders in the history of which of these modern-day nations?

Possible Answers:

China

Japan

South Korea

Russia

India

Correct answer:

China

Explanation:

The Xia were the earliest state builders in Chinese history. The Xia Dynasty began circa 2,000 BCE with the reforming efforts of the possibly mythical Yu the Great.

Example Question #31 : Demographic And Environmental History

Which of these caused the decline of the Indus Valley civilization?

Possible Answers:

Invasion from neighboring people

Widespread drought and famine

All of these contributed to the decline of the Indus Valley civilization

It is not known what caused the decline of the Indus Valley civilization

A series of weak rulers destabilized the central government

Correct answer:

It is not known what caused the decline of the Indus Valley civilization

Explanation:

The Indus Valley civilization thrived in modern-day Pakistan and India during the bronze age, from approximately 3,300 BCE until 1,300 BCE. Around 1,500 BCE the empire began to decline for unknown reasons. Most historians believe that a combination of crop failure and barbarian invasion led to the decline of the Indus Valley civilization, but it is not known for sure.

Example Question #39 : Demographic And Environmental History

The unified history of ancient Egypt could be said to begin with ______________.

Possible Answers:

the overthrow of Nubian rulers, led by Cleopatra

the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under King Menes

the unification of East and West Egypt under King Menes

the overthrow of Nubian rulers, led by Hatshepsut

the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Ramesses

Correct answer:

the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under King Menes

Explanation:

The unified history of ancient Egypt is said to begin circa 3,150 BCE with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by King Menes and the establishment of the first ruling dynasty of Egypt.

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