AP World History : Migration, Settlement, and Demography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

The world’s earliest cities arose in __________.

Possible Answers:

Mesopotamia

northern Europe

The Indus River Valley

South Africa

East Asia

Correct answer:

Mesopotamia

Explanation:

The world’s first cities arose in the same place where the Neolithic Revolution first took place, ancient Mesopotamia, approximately eight thousand years ago. The earliest human cities always arose in areas that were suitable for large scale agricultural production, such as Mesopotamia, the Nile River, the Indus River Valley, the Yellow River Valley, and Mesoamerica.

Example Question #22 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Which of these civilizations arose in the Indus river valley?

Possible Answers:

Harappan

Champa

Scythian

Dacian

Assyrian

Correct answer:

Harappan

Explanation:

The Harappan Civilization is often also called the Indus Valley Civilization. It is an ancient civilization that existed in modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India from approximately 3,000 BCE until 1,250 BCE.

Example Question #21 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography From Prehistory To 600 Bce

The first four civilizations all developed ___________________.

Possible Answers:

in river valleys

in the same climate zone

on different continents

along oceans

Correct answer:

in river valleys

Explanation:

The first four civilizations all developed in river valleys because water was important for agriculture and transportation. None of the other provided answers are factually correct.

Example Question #23 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

World Population 1 million BCE to 5000 BCE

1 million BCE      100,000

300,000 BCE      1 million

25,000 BCE        3.3 million

10,000 BCE        4 million

5000 BCE           5 million

What does this information teach us about population?

Possible Answers:

The population of kinship groups varied by a great deal

It grew more quickly after the Neolithic Revolution

Warfare caused population growth to remain stagnant

A decline in population caused people to abandon agriculture

Correct answer:

It grew more quickly after the Neolithic Revolution

Explanation:

We can see that as the dates in the table become more recent, the population grows quicker. We also know from history that the Neolithic revolution happened around 8000 BCE, and the time frame from 10,000 BCE to 5000 BCE shows the most rapid growth in the table.

Example Question #22 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Homo sapiens originated, and then migrated out of __________________.

Possible Answers:

Oceania

Eurasia

Africa

the Americas

Correct answer:

Africa

Explanation:

The earliest evidence of human existence is in Africa. Homo sapiens probably began migrating out of Africa and into eastern Asia between 100,000 and 60,000 years ago.

Example Question #22 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography From Prehistory To 600 Bce

Societies that were mobile and followed seasonal patterns of vegetation needed as pasture for their animals were known as ____________________.

Possible Answers:

kinship groups

agricultural societies

nomadic pastoralists

civilizations

Correct answer:

nomadic pastoralists

Explanation:

Nomadic pastoralists were just that: nomads. They were known for moving around from place to place. Where they moved was dictated by the seasons due to the fact that they needed to find food and vegetation for themselves and for their animals.

Example Question #22 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography From Prehistory To 600 Bce

Approximately when did human settlers first arrive in Oceania?

Possible Answers:

300,000 years ago

5,000 years ago

15,000 years ago

450 years ago

50,000 years ago

Correct answer:

50,000 years ago

Explanation:

The first human settlers arrived in East Asia approximately 75,000 years ago. Around 50,000 years ago the first settlers crossed from southeast Asia into what is now Australia and other islands in Oceania. Oceania, despite its remote location, is one of the first places on Earth (after Africa, the Middle East, and parts of South and East Asia) to be inhabited by people.

Example Question #21 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

The Out of Africa theory refers to __________.

Possible Answers:

the belief that the plague originated in Africa, before sweeping across Europe and Asia to devastating effect

the preservation of African culture in the Americas and the Caribbean

European motivations for colonizing the African continent in the nineteenth century

European motivations for encouraging independence movements in their African colonies

the migration of the human species around the world from its origins in Africa

Correct answer:

the migration of the human species around the world from its origins in Africa

Explanation:

The Out of Africa theory concerns the movement of the human species around the world from its origins in Africa. According to the most commonly accepted theory, humans first emerged in Africa approximately two hundred thousand years ago and then migrated out of the continent into the Middle East and Asia approximately one hundred thousand years ago. 

Example Question #25 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Approximately when was the Xia Dynasty founded?

Possible Answers:

5,000 BCE

8,000 BCE

1,000 BCE

2,000 BCE

500 BCE

Correct answer:

2,000 BCE

Explanation:

The Xia Dynasty was founded approximately four thousand years ago, circa 2,000 BCE The Xia Dynasty is the first Chinese dynasty in history. It was founded by the somewhat legendary figure Yu the Great.

Example Question #26 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Which of these was the last to be inhabited by human beings?

Possible Answers:

Oceania

South Asia

North America

South America

Europe

Correct answer:

South America

Explanation:

When the human species migrated out of Africa, approximately 100,000 years ago, they first settled in the Middle East and South Asia. Human settlers first appeared in East Asia approximately 75,000 years ago and in Oceania approximately 50,000 years ago. It was not until 35,000 years ago that the first settlers braved the cold European climate (this was during a lengthy ice age) and settled on the continent. However, it was not until 15,000 years ago that the first settlers crossed the Bering Strait into North America and gradually made their way south across the whole continent.

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