AP World History : Migration, Settlement, and Demography

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Most of the major early civilizations of South America were established __________.

Possible Answers:

in the Andean foothills

in the plains of modern-day Argentina

on the coast of modern-day Brazil

in the mountains of modern-day Venezuela

in the Amazon River Basin

Correct answer:

in the Andean foothills

Explanation:

Almost all of the major early civilizations of South America emerged in the Andean foothills. These civilizations include the Moche, the Nazca, the Chavin, and the Inca.

Example Question #1 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Celts migrated __________.

Possible Answers:

around southern Europe from their home in the Italian peninsula

around eastern Europe from their home in modern-day Hungary

from the British Isles to Greenland and North America in the eleventh century

around western Europe from their home in modern-day France

from the British Isles to the Middle East and Asia Minor in the third century

Correct answer:

around western Europe from their home in modern-day France

Explanation:

The Celts are an ancient ethnic group who emerged in modern-day France and migrated around Western Europe, settling in places like Spain, Germany, and (most impactfully) the British Isles.

Example Question #51 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

The Nazca emerged in modern-day __________.

Possible Answers:

Peru

Cuba

Brazil

Mexico

Argentina

Correct answer:

Peru

Explanation:

The Nazca people emerged in modern-day Peru, on the Pacific coast, around 100 CE.

Example Question #1 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Anasazi culture emerged in __________.

Possible Answers:

Central America

southwest North America

northeast North America

the Andean foothills of South America

the plains of midwest North America

Correct answer:

southwest North America

Explanation:

The Anasazi culture emerged in the southwest of the modern-day United States. The Anasazi lived in this part of North America from about 300 - 1300 CE.

Example Question #51 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Which of the following most closely outlines the demography of Medieval Europe during the 13th, 14th, and 15th centuries?

Possible Answers:

Rapid increase at low level, slow increase, slow decline at high level

Slow increase at high level, massive decline, slow recovery at low level

Rapid decline at low level , slow increase, rapid increase at low level

Slow decline at high level, rapid decline, slow decline at low level

Rapid increase at high level, slow decrease, rapid increase at high level

Correct answer:

Slow increase at high level, massive decline, slow recovery at low level

Explanation:

During the High Middle Ages up until the 1340s, the relatively large European population continued to slowly increase over the course of a few centuries.  The Black Death of the 1340s and early 1350s resulted in a massive demographic collapse, followed by slow but steady growth amongst a much smaller population during the 1400s.

Example Question #2 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Ce To 1450

The Toltec civilization was native to which of these modern-day countries?

Possible Answers:

Canada

Mexico

Brazil

Nepal

Vietnam

Correct answer:

Mexico

Explanation:

The Toltec civilization existed in modern-day Mexico between approximately 900-1100 C.E. Much of what we know comes from recent architectural digs, but also from the Aztecs who saw the Toltecs as their cultural predecessors. They are famous for the construction of pyramids, much like those used by the Mayans and Aztecs.

Example Question #1 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Ce To 1450

The Vikings established colonies in __________ in the tenth and eleventh centuries.

Possible Answers:

Britain and Greece

Greenland and North America

Siberia and Eastern Europe

Iceland and the Mediterranean

North Africa and South America

Correct answer:

Greenland and North America

Explanation:

The Vikings were seafaring warriors, traders, and settlers who were widely influential from the eighth to the thirteenth centuries. The longship was developed by the Vikings in the ninth century and was instrumental in allowing the Vikings to traverse long distances at icy northern latitudes. It allowed the Vikings to cross the Atlantic and establish colonies in Greenland and North America in the tenth and eleventh centuries.

Example Question #53 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Who were the Moors?

Possible Answers:

A European barbaric tribe that was among the tribes that crossed the Rubicon and sacked Rome

A Western Asian tribe that migrated into Europe fleeing the advance of the Huns

Muslims who lived in Spain and Portugal in the Middle Ages

Scottish people who lived in the lowlands

Correct answer:

Muslims who lived in Spain and Portugal in the Middle Ages

Explanation:

The Moors were North African Muslims who had conquered the Iberian Peninsula in the 800s. Religious conflict with the Christian powers of Europe led to frequent conflicts, with their loss of regional power in 1492 with the fall of Grenada, and the full elimination of Muslims from Spain in 1609.

Example Question #1 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Ce To 1450

Zheng He visited all of these places except __________.

Possible Answers:

South America

Ceylon

Indonesia

the Middle East

East Africa

Correct answer:

South America

Explanation:

Although some historians theorize that Zheng He might have eventually made a voyage across the vast Pacific Ocean, to the New World, this is merely conjecture. The voyages of Zheng He, and his fleet, were primarily conducted in the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean. He did reach such distant places as the Swahili city-states of East Africa and Red Sea.

Example Question #52 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Al-Andalus is the name given to __________.

Possible Answers:

Islamic India

Roman Egypt

Islamic Spain

Roman Britain

Ottoman Greece

Correct answer:

Islamic Spain

Explanation:

Al-Andalus is the name given to Islamic Spain. After the initial expansion of Islam, under the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates in the seventh and eighth centuries, much of the Iberian peninsula (modern-day Spain and Portugal) was under the control of Islam. This region was called Al-Andalus and was under almost complete control of the Umayyad dynasty until the tenth century. Islamic control over parts of Spain would persist until the fifteenth century.

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