AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of nineteenth-century 2D art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, And Schools Of 2 D Visual Art

Which of the following grouping of artists were NOT part of the same art movement?

Possible Answers:

Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse, Joan Miro

Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein

Jackson Pollock, Wassily Kandinsky, Mark Rothko

Paul Cézanne, Édouard Manet, Claude Monet

Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Fernand Léger

Correct answer:

Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse, Joan Miro

Explanation:

Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse, and Joan Miró were all connected as artists through their use of color and experimentation with forms. Nonetheless, each artist developed his own unique style that largely stood apart from other artists. Van Gogh's postimpressionistic style built on impressionism, while Matisse and Miro's deconstruction of form and representation exploded many of impressionism's notions of art.

Example Question #6 : Identifying Artists, Works, And Schools Of 2 D Visual Art

Which American artist is well-known for his paintings and sculptures of the American West?

Possible Answers:

James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Thomas Moran

Frederic Remington

John Singer Sargent

Ansel Adams

Correct answer:

Frederic Remington

Explanation:

Frederic Remington was a native New Yorker who began his career as a painter and illustrator for magazines after the Civil War. After going on assignment to illustrate a magazine article on the Apache leader Geronimo in 1886, Remington began to paint and sculpt images of the American West exclusively. Remington's style was naturalistic and empathetic to his subjects, and also had a natural ability to capture accurate movement. Remington's images of the Old West are some of the most famous images of cowboys and Native Americans.

Example Question #7 : Identifying Artists, Works, And Schools Of 2 D Visual Art

Gustave Courbet is well known for developing and working in what style?

Possible Answers:

History painting

Expressionism

Realism

Romanticism

Impressionism

Correct answer:

Realism

Explanation:

Gustave Courbet (1819-1877) was a French painter who reacted to the previous generation's bold romanticism and his contemporary critics' love of history painting by developing what he termed "realism." Courbet wished to use his painting to comment on social issues and values, which he felt were valuable topics on which a painter might focus. Courbet sought out landscapes, portraits, and still lifes that depicted the everyday in rough, honest brushstrokes.

Example Question #31 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

Who of the following artists was known for his "orientalist" paintings?

Possible Answers:

Edgar Degas

Georges Seurat

Eugene Delacroix

Claude Monet

Paul Gauguin

Correct answer:

Eugene Delacroix

Explanation:

Delacroix was a famous nineteenth-century painter known for his orientalist paintings, which illustrated Middle Eastern culture and lifestyle to a Western audience.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, And Schools Of 2 D Visual Art From The Nineteenth Century

Matthew-brady-antietam-1024x713

The above photography was made by which notable American artist?

Possible Answers:

Matthew Brady

Willard Van Dyke

Ansel Adams

William Page

Alfred Stieglitz

Correct answer:

Matthew Brady

Explanation:

The work of Matthew Brady during the American Civil War pioneered many notable aspects of photography, which was still a new medium and had mostly been devoted to portraiture. Brady's willingness to document the Civil War by going to battlefields reframed the possibilities for photography, notably allowing for the development of photojournalism.

Example Question #32 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

Pictured above is a work entitled Impression, Sunrise.

The painting above comes from which of the following artistic traditions?

Possible Answers:

Neoclassicism

Salon-Style

Impressionism

Post-Impressionism

Correct answer:

Impressionism

Explanation:

The work offers an impression of a sunrise, hence the name, and is of the Impressionist style.

Example Question #33 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

Pictured above is a work entitled Impression, Sunrise.

The artist of this work is most famous for his later depiction of __________.

Possible Answers:

water lilies

French cityscapes

high-society socialites

women in the nude

Correct answer:

water lilies

Explanation:

This work was made by Claude Monet, who is famous for a series of paintings depicting the water lilies in his garden.

Example Question #92 : Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

Pictured above is a work entitled Impression, Sunrise.

Most specifically, this style of art was born as a response to, and a break from, __________.

Possible Answers:

Colonial Neoclassicism

the Salon de Paris

the Hudson River School

Italian Renaissance work

Correct answer:

the Salon de Paris

Explanation:

Impressionism grew out of the desire of nineteenth-century Parisian artists to move away from the outdated works of the Salon de Paris. Their work moved against tradition and was rejected by the Salon, causing a movement to form in response.

Example Question #34 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

Which of the following works best captures the pointillist style?

Possible Answers:

Hieronymus Bosch, The Garden of Earthly Delights (c. 1500) 

All of the answers are correct

None of the answers are correct

Georges Seurat, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1886)

Fernand Leger, The City (La Ville) (1919)

Correct answer:

Georges Seurat, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1886)

Explanation:

Seurat's ...La Grande Jatte is the most iconic work in the pointillist style. Leger's works had more in common with cubism than pointillism and Bosch's works were created during the Renaissance.

Example Question #31 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

 

Paul gauguin   d ou venons nous

In what non-European country did the artist  produce this work?

Possible Answers:

Tahiti

Fiji

Indonesia

Thailand

The Cook Islands

Correct answer:

Tahiti

Explanation:

Paul Gauguin produced this work in Tahiti, where he lived for a good portion of his life. Tahiti is part of French Polynesia, making it a desirable destination for a French man in the late 1800s. In order to solve this question you needed to know that the piece was by Gauguin, the association of Gauguin with Tahiti is one of the most famous in 19th-century art.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors