AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of nineteenth-century 2D art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #77 : Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

The nineteenth-century French art movement called "realisme" (realism) was defined by __________.

Possible Answers:

its skillfully composed scenes and mythological subject matters.

a gritty painting style and the use of everyday subjects

its perfect encapsulation of the human form and significant use of vivid colors

portraits of significant figures and highly detailed figure drawing

Correct answer:

a gritty painting style and the use of everyday subjects

Explanation:

Gustave Courbet first articulated the ideas of "realisme" in the 1850s as he gained fame in the Paris art scene. For Courbet, realism was less about a perfect imitation of the human form as it was a reflection of authentic human experience. This meant Courbet painted in a grittier style than many of his contemporaries, and focused his attention on subjects generally seen as too commonplace for prevailing French thoughts on fine art.

Example Question #1 : Analyzing The Content Of 2 D Visual Art

Who was the French artist who spent the last years of his life living in Polynesia and painting its inhabitants?

Possible Answers:

Édouard Manet

Paul Cézanne

Henri Matisse

Vincent van Gogh

Paul Gauguin

Correct answer:

Paul Gauguin

Explanation:

Paul Gauguin was an important Post-Impressionist whose early work experimented with color and symbolism, but Gauguin's work took on a new form after visiting Tahiti in the 1880s. Gauguin began capturing the culture of Polynesia and started using symbols of Polynesia and images of Polynesians themselves in his art. In the 1890s, he permanently moved to the island of Punaauia in French Polynesia, and painted more and more symbolic paintings that played with color and structure.

Example Question #21 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

Degas--the_ballet_lesson

The above painting is representative of what artistic movement?

Possible Answers:

Pointilism

Cubism

Abstract Expressionism

Surrealism

Impressionism

Correct answer:

Impressionism

Explanation:

This painting, Edgar Degas' "The Dance Lesson," was painted in 1879 and is a classic representation of impressionism. With its visible and broad brush strokes and its detached point of view, this painting features the hallmarks of impressionism, a painting style developed in France in the late nineteenth century. Degas preferred to call his artistic style "realism," because he believed his method of painting captured the realistic emotion of a scene, if not an exact representation of it.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, And Schools Of 2 D Visual Art

All of the following painters were Impressionists except __________.

Possible Answers:

Henri Matisse

Paul Cézanne

Édouard Manet

Pierre-August Renoir

Claude Monet

Correct answer:

Henri Matisse

Explanation:

Impressionism was a significant artistic movement developed in France during the late nineteenth century that utilized visible brushstrokes, representations of natural light, and everyday scenes. Challenging traditional ideas of art, the movement was initially derided by critics, but proved hugely influential. Its leading artists included Éduouard Manet, Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Paul Cézanne. Henri Matisse was a full generation younger than the impressionists, and was highly influenced by them, but helped develop modern art in the early twentieth century.

Example Question #81 : Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

1024px vincent van gogh   self portrait   google art project  719161

Of which nineteenth-century painter is this a self portrait?

Possible Answers:

Vincent Van Gogh

Georges Seurat

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Paul Gaugin

Paul Cézanne

Correct answer:

Vincent Van Gogh

Explanation:

Even if the image is not instantly recognizable as Vincent van Gogh, the piece of art has many of his hallmarks. This 1889 self-portrait features expressive colors, deep texture in the paint, and an emotional style. Van Gogh was one of the premier post-impressionists of the late nineteenth century, who took the emotional and innovative elements of Impressionism to new artistic ground.

Example Question #21 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

The above work of art is an example of the artistic movement known as __________.

Possible Answers:

Post-Impressionism

Expressionism

Neoclassicism

Realism

Cubism

Correct answer:

Post-Impressionism

Explanation:

This painting, an 1899 self-portrait by Vincent van Gogh, stands firmly in the tradition of post-impressionism. Post-impressionists took many of the elements of the Impressionists of a generation earlier, including visible brushstrokes, emotional concerns, and everyday scenes, and pushed them further. As seen in this work, the paint is extremely thick and textured, with bright, almost unrealistic colors sharpening the image.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, And Schools Of 2 D Visual Art

The Hudson River School was a group of artists known for making what kind of paintings?

Possible Answers:

History paintings

Religious icons

Landscapes

Portraits

Still lifes

Correct answer:

Landscapes

Explanation:

The Hudson River School was a group of painters in the early part of the nineteenth century who gathered in communities along the Hudson River in New York. These artists were heavily inspired by the romantic movement coming out of Europe and painted dramatic landscapes. Prominent members of the Hudson River School were Thomas Cole, Asher Durand, and Frederic Edwin Church.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, And Schools Of 2 D Visual Art

The French painter who was the official painter for the rule of the Emperor Napoleon I was __________.

Possible Answers:

Théodore Géricault

Jacques-Louis David

Antoine-François Callet

Eugène Delacroix

Alexander Kucharsky

Correct answer:

Jacques-Louis David

Explanation:

Jacques-Louis David first made a name for himself as a historical painter in the 1780s, but his republican sympathies meant he was allied with French revolutionaries. This benefitted him most by allowing him to become the Emperor Napoleon's official court painter. Famous for his portraits of Napoleon, and particularly his large Coronation of Napoleon from 1806, David's style featured bold expressions, bright colors, and dramatic poses.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, And Schools Of 2 D Visual Art

Who was the painter who chronicled the wildlife, particularly birds, of nineteenth century America?

Possible Answers:

James Carroll Beckwith

Frederic Remington

Gilbert Stuart

John Singer Sargent 

John James Audubon

Correct answer:

John James Audubon

Explanation:

John James Audubon was a Frenchman who came to America in 1803 to avoid the Napoleonic Wars. He made a name for himself in the early nineteenth century as a painter of wildlife and landscapes of the then vast American frontier. His The Birds of America, published in sections between 1827 and 1838, not only was a remarkable work of art by an American artist, but helped ornithology immensely in understanding avian wildlife in America.

Example Question #22 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Nineteenth Century 2 D Art

The artistic movement known as Impressionism began in which country?

Possible Answers:

Spain

The Netherlands

England

Italy

France

Correct answer:

France

Explanation:

Impressionism grew popular in the nineteenth century as a reaction to France's main artistic competition, the Salon de Paris. The Salon's judges valued grand themes, realistic portrayals, and fine brushwork, whereas the Impressionists focused on everyday scenes, emotional depictions, and visible, thick brushstrokes. Some of the major impressionists include Paul Cézanne, Édouard Manet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Claude Monet.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors