Ancient History: Rome : Settlement and Migration

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Rome

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Settlement And Migration

The Carthaginian Empire is believed to have been founded __________.

Possible Answers:

as an Athenian colony

by refugees fleeing the Trojan War

as a Phoenician settlement

as a Spartan colony

by refugees fleeing the conquests of Alexander the Great

Correct answer:

as a Phoenician settlement

Explanation:

The Carthaginian Empire, at one time the largest empire in the Mediterranean, is believed to have been founded as a Phoenician settlement around the eighth century BCE. The Phoenicians were a seafaring, mercantile people who established colonies all over the Mediterranean in the centuries before the rise of the Roman Republic.

Example Question #2 : Settlement And Migration

The Strait of Messina is located between __________.

Possible Answers:

Italy and Greece

Greece and Malta

Italy and Corsica

Sicily and Italy

Greece and Asia

Correct answer:

Sicily and Italy

Explanation:

The Strait of Messina is a narrow body of water that separates mainland Italy from the island of Sicily. It was historically of great importance, especially during the First Punic War.

Example Question #3 : Settlement And Migration

What mountain range runs through the center of the Italian peninsula?

Possible Answers:

the Apennines

the Pyrenees

the Urals

the Himalayas

the Alps

Correct answer:

the Apennines

Explanation:

The Apennines run through the center of the Italian peninsula. Rome is located on the west of the Apennines and was protected from some foreign invasions by this mountain range.

Example Question #4 : Settlement And Migration

The Roman Forum most likely began life as a __________.

Possible Answers:

pagan temple

Jewish temple

central marketplace

barracks

castle

Correct answer:

central marketplace

Explanation:

The Roman Forum was the social center of life in the city of Rome throughout the history of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. It most likely began life as a central marketplace, which over time grew into a hub and a shared social space.

Example Question #5 : Settlement And Migration

The Roman Forum was initially constructed __________.

Possible Answers:

during the first civil war of the Roman Republic

after the Marian Reforms

before the rise of the Roman Republic

during the early years of the Roman Republic

during the First Punic War

Correct answer:

before the rise of the Roman Republic

Explanation:

The Roman Forum was first constructed in the seventh century BCE, after the draining of wet marshland allowed more people to settle and build in the burgeoning city of Rome. For the next several hundred years, the Forum would serve as the social and ceremonial center of Roman life and witnessed countless public spectacles, religious festivals, and military parades.

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