Trigonometry : Solving Triangles

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Trigonometry

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Finding Angles

 plank has one end on the ground and one end  off the ground. What is the measure of the angle formed by the plank and the ground?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The length of the plank becomes the hypotenuse of the triangle, while the distance between the plank and the ground becomes the length of one side. To solve for the angle between the plank and the ground, you must find the value of . The sine of the angle is the value of the opposite side over the hypotenuse, which are values that we know.

Example Question #2 : Finding Angles

Given that angle A is 23.0o, side a is 1.43 in., and side b is 3.62 in., what is the angle of B?

https://www.varsitytutors.com/problem-admin/16159#problem_image_lightbox_2307

Possible Answers:

90o

81.5o

70o

83.6o

55o

Correct answer:

81.5o

Explanation:

 

 

Example Question #331 : Trigonometry

Two angles in a triangle are  and . What is the measure of the 3rd angle? 

Possible Answers:

There is not enough information to determine the angle measure. 

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180˚.

Thus, since the sum of our two angles is 100˚, our missing angle must be,

 

Example Question #1 : Finding Angles

If the hypotenuse of a right triangle has a length of 6, and the length of a leg is 2, what is the angle between the hypotenuse and the leg?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The leg must be an adjacent side to the hypotenuse.  

Therefore, we can use inverse cosine to solve for the angle.  

First write the equation for sine of an angle.

Substitute the lengths given and solve for the angle.

Example Question #1 : Finding Angles

A skateboard ramp made so that the rider can gain sufficient speed before a jump is 15 feet high and the ramp is 17 feet long. What is the measure of the angle  between the ramp and the ground?

Possible Answers:

None of the other answers.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

For the angle in question we have the opposite side and the hypotenuse given to us. We can use the sine function.

Use the inverse sin to find the measure of an angle between these sides:

Example Question #6 : Finding Angles

What angle does the ramp make with the bottom of the stair?

Screen_shot_2014-02-15_at_3.16.35_pm

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Example Question #111 : Triangles

If the height of the stair is 2 ft, and the length of the stair is 3 ft, how long must the ramp be to cover the stair?

Screen_shot_2014-02-15_at_2.24.54_pm

Possible Answers:

13 ft

5 ft

2.5 ft

10 ft

3.6 ft

Correct answer:

3.6 ft

Explanation:

Use the Pythagorean triangle to solve for the third side of the triangle.

Simplify and you have the answer:

Example Question #112 : Triangles

A surveyor looks up to the top of a mountain at an angle of 35 degrees.  If the surveyor is 2400 feet from the base of the mountain, how tall is the mountain (to the nearest tenth of a foot)?

Possible Answers:

1966.0 feet

3427.6 feet

2135.8 feet

1680.5 feet

1376.6 feet

Correct answer:

1680.5 feet

Explanation:

This is a typical angle of elevation problem. 

From the question, we can infer that the ratio of the mountain height to the surveyor's horizontal distance from the mountain is equal to the tangent of 35 degrees - the mountain height is the "opposite side", while the horizontal distance is the "adjacent side".  In other words:

Solving for the mountain height gives a vertical distance of 1680.5 feet.

Example Question #111 : Triangles

In a right triangle, the legs are  and . What is the length of the hypotenuse? 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Here, we can use the Pythagorean Theorem.

This states that the sum of the squares of the legs is equal to the square of the hypotenuse.

Thus, we plug into the formula to get our hypotenuse. 

Example Question #114 : Triangles

If the altitude of a triangle has a height of 5, and also bisects a 60 degree angle, what must be the perimeter of the full triangle?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The altitude of the triangle splits the 60 degree angle into two 30 degree angles.  Notice that this will create two right triangles with 30-60-90 angles.  This indicates that the full triangle is an equilateral triangle.

The altitude represents the adjacent side of the split triangles. The bisected angle is 30 degrees.  Find the hypotenuse of either split triangle.  This is the side length of the equilateral triangle. 

Rationalize the denominator.

Since the full triangle has three sides, multiply this value by three for the perimeter.

 

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