SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Roots

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Synonyms: Roots From Latin

Synonyms: Select the word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

SERVILE

Possible Answers:

Subservient

Sequinned 

Disgusting 

Tunic 

Butler 

Correct answer:

Subservient

Explanation:

If you are “servile,” you are obedient and trying very hard to please. If you are “subservient,” you are very willing to obey someone. “Servile” and “subservient” are synonyms and are both linked to the root word "serve." To clarify the other terms, “sequinned” means ornamented with sequins, which are small reflective discs; a “tunic” is a garment that is worn like a cloak or a dress; “disgusting” means gross

Example Question #21 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Select the word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

PONTIFICATE

Possible Answers:

Harmonize 

Realize 

Water

Despise 

Sermonize 

Correct answer:

Sermonize 

Explanation:

To “pontificate” is to speak about something in a way that shows you think you are always right. The word comes from the root “pontiff” meaning pope, so it means to talk like the Pope. If you “sermonize,” then you give advice on moral behavior to someone. To clarify the other terms, “harmonize” is to combine in a pleasing way; to “despise” is to hate.  

Example Question #22 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Choose the word or phrase that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

MONOGRAPH

Possible Answers:

Singing in an even tone

Living a habitual life

Writing on a single topic 

Having only one friend 

Controlling every means of production

Correct answer:

Writing on a single topic 

Explanation:

The prefix mono- means one, and the suffix -graph means related to writing so a “monograph” is writing on one topic. To provide further help, “habitual” means done through habit, done regularly

Example Question #23 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

ABSENT

Possible Answers:

Missing 

Sensible 

Brittle 

Derided 

Wily 

Correct answer:

Missing 

Explanation:

The prefix ab- means away so you can infer that the meaning of the word “absent” probably has something to do with being away. To be “absent” means to be “missing,” which is similar to being away. To provide further help, “derided” means mocked, made fun of; “wily” means crafty, clever, creative in a sneaky sense; “brittle” means fragile, easily broken; if you are “sensible,” it means you have and exhibit good sense, and you make the right decisions. 

Example Question #111 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

CIRCUMFERENCE

Possible Answers:

Understanding 

Condition 

Division 

Side

Perimeter 

Correct answer:

Perimeter 

Explanation:

A "circumference" is the length of a line that goes around something or that makes a circle or other round shape or the outer edge of a shape or area. We can get this meaning from the prefix "circum-," which usually means around, as in the word "circumnavigate," which means go around something. A "perimeter" is the outside edge of an area or surface, so it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "circumference."

Example Question #24 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Choose the word or phrase that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

ABSCOND

Possible Answers:

Keep apart 

Bring forth 

Come together

Run away 

Send for 

Correct answer:

Run away 

Explanation:

The prefix ab- means away from, as in “absent,” which means not here, or “absolve,” which means to take away blame. In this instance the word “abscond” means to run away

Example Question #25 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Choose the word or phrase that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

EPITAPH

Possible Answers:

Calculation

Mathematical

Individual

Comatose

Inscription

Correct answer:

Inscription

Explanation:

The prefix epi- means upon, on top of, and the word “epitaph” means writing upon a tombstone. This is closest in definition to “inscription,” which means writing or a dedication. To provide further help, “comatose” means in a coma-like state; an “individual” is one person.

Example Question #26 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Choose the word or phrase that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

MONOSYLLABLE

Possible Answers:

Whistle

Proclaim

Dialogue

Badger

Grunt

Correct answer:

Grunt

Explanation:

The prefix mono- means one, and the word “monosyllable” means containing only one syllable. An example of a “monosyllable” sound is a grunt. To provide further help, “proclaim” means formally announce to a large group of people; “badger” means annoy; “dialogue” is conversation between two people

Example Question #25 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

OVERWHELMED

Possible Answers:

Garrulous

Inundated

Barrage 

Insipid 

Aloof 

Correct answer:

Inundated

Explanation:

The prefix "over-" means too much of, so we know that “overwhelmed” must mean completely taken over or emotionally overcome by something. The word closest in meaning to “overcome” or “taken over” is “inundated.” "Inundated" literally means flooded with water, but can also mean flooded with a great number of something. None of the other answer choices are close in meaning to "overwhelmed": “aloof” means distant; “insipid” means dull; “garrulous” means talkative; and “barrage” means a relentless bombardment.

Example Question #27 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Select the word whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

OBSTACLE

Possible Answers:

Recalcitrant 

Unfortunate 

Impediment 

Auspicious 

Serendipitous

Correct answer:

Impediment 

Explanation:

An “obstacle" is something that gets in the way or an impediment. This makes sense, as "obstacle" contains the prefix "ob," which can mean in the way of. "Impediment" is thus the correct answer. To provide further help, “recalcitrant” means wayward and disobedient; “serendipitous” means owed to chance or good fortune; “unfortunate” means not lucky; and “auspicious” means a favorable beginning that suggests at a good outcome.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors