SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Roots

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

MALEVOLENT

Possible Answers:

dormant 

desirable

pious 

wicked 

righteous 

Correct answer:

wicked 

Explanation:

"Malevolent" means wicked or evil; it is the antonym of benevolent. For clarification, "pious" means deeply religious; "dormant" means asleep or in a state of inactivity.

Example Question #12 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: choose the word with the meaning closest to the word in question.

Agriculture

Possible Answers:

Farming

Agreement

Explanation

Opportunity

Observation

Correct answer:

Farming

Explanation:

"Agriculture" means farming.

Example Question #13 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: choose the answer with the meaning closest to the word in question.

Numerous

Possible Answers:

Scarce

None

Many

Fluid

Few

Correct answer:

Many

Explanation:

"Numerous" means many, or a lot of.

Example Question #12 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

BENEDICTION

Possible Answers:

Curse

Disparagement

Blessing

Degradation

Malediction

Correct answer:

Blessing

Explanation:

The Latin root "bene" means good. If you know that, then you should be able to figure out that "blessing" and "benediction" are synonyms. The Latin root "mal" means bad, and "malediction" and "curse" are synonyms. "Disparagement" and "degradation" are synonyms that each mean abasement.

Example Question #13 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

BELLICOSE

Possible Answers:

Affable

Serene

Militant

Tranquil

Amenable 

Correct answer:

Militant

Explanation:

"Bellicose" means eager to fight. "Amenable" and "affable" mean agreeable and likable, respectively. You can eliminate them because they have such similar meanings. "Tranquil" and "serene" both mean peaceful, so you can eliminate them. Or, if you know that the Latin root "belli-" means war, you may be able to figure out that "bellicose" means war-like. "Militant" means aggressive, therefore it has the closest meaning to "bellicose."

Example Question #14 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

COALESCE

Possible Answers:

Join

Shrink

Oppose

Enter

Fall

Correct answer:

Join

Explanation:

“Coalesce” means come together. It is helpful to remember that the prefix "co-" often means together or joined as in "cooperation" or "cofounded."

Example Question #15 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

OMNIVOROUS

Possible Answers:

All-encompassing

All-knowing 

All-fearing 

All-seeing

All-eating

Correct answer:

All-eating

Explanation:

An animal which is “omnivorous” is an animal that eats both other animals and plants. To help, "omni-" usually means all when it is used as a prefix. From this, we can tell that “omnivorous” means all-eating or all-devouring. "Encompassing” means including or covering, so it is wrong. If you are all-knowing you are said to be “omniscient.” 

Example Question #11 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Select the word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

DIALECT

Possible Answers:

Conversation 

Lesson 

Speech 

Word 

Idiom 

Correct answer:

Idiom 

Explanation:

A “dialect” is non standard speech or speech that is specific to a region. People from New York and Kentucky may speak different “dialects.” A similar word to “dialect,” is “idiom” which refers to words and phrases informally used in particular places. Try not to mistake “dialect” for “dialogue,” which means a conversation between two or more people. Remember that the prefix "dia-" generally means across and that "lect," whether used as a prefix or suffix, refers to “speech,” such as in the word "lecture."

Example Question #16 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

SYNONYMOUS

Possible Answers:

Loud

Somber

Interesting

Equivalent

Different

Correct answer:

Equivalent

Explanation:

"Synonymous" means expressing or implying the same idea; having the character of a synonym. "Equivalent" is the best answer choice, as it means equal or the same.

Example Question #17 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Choose the answer that most closely matches the word in capital letters.

LUMINOUS

Possible Answers:

Affable

Bright

Lethargic

Dull

Enraged

Correct answer:

Bright

Explanation:

The best answer choice is "bright." The definition of "luminous" is radiating or reflecting light. This can be derived from the definition of "illuminate," which means to brighten or light up

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